1. China’s Confessions 神州福音史跡 (Movie)


(With English Subtitle.) The Most High ShangDi in Chinese especially in Cantonese prononciation= El Shaddai in Hebrew

 China . . . known to the Chinese people as: “神州- The Land of The Most High Creator” since the beginning of its recorded history raises a very interesting question: How did the Chinese people lose their belief and their tradition of worship in their Most High ShangDi over the last five thousand years of endless and painful Chinese history?The film is based on Mr.Yuan Zhi Ming’s book, ” Land of the Most High-CHINA’s Confessions” exploring the history of this five thousand years of Chinese beliefs, and searches for the missing Most High ShangDi against the backdrop of China’s history. (With English Subtitle.)
Source 影片來源:http://www.chinasoul.org。(YahArise is a non commercial channel)有「神州」之稱的中國由創邦開始,怎樣由敬畏神到失落神? 五千年歷史的大國,經歷了五千年連綿不絕的慘痛,人所尋找的盼望及福份往那裡去找呢?


Please click here for PDF free to download link: http://www.puritans.net/news/china112204.htm
The internet has opened up many opportunities for studying China’s history, and even tracing it back to Noah.  This article explores some of the excellent information and resources now available.


To begin, it is necessary to understand Chinese naming conventions.   In Chinese, a name is made up of a family name (surname), which is written first, and then the personal name. Family names are usually of one character each, although there are exceptions like Ouyong and Situ. There are over 6,000 Chinese surnames for about 1 billion people.   Chinese who have the same surname have much more loyalty to someone else who has the same surname than Americans with the same surname have.


In mainland China the top five family names are Chen, Li, Zhang, He, and Huang.  The Li surname has a long history which goes back to a specific person named Emperor Zhuanzu who was the first Li and lived before 2000 B.C. This is according to the Xing Zuan, the Chinese dictionary of surnames. The Li family has a long history in China with many stories. During the Tang Dynasty about 15 different surnames were given the honor of having the Li surname. Li Yuan was the founder of the Tang Dynasty which lasted from 618 to 906 A.D. His son who ruled after him was Li Shimin. In their dynasty, printing and paper money were introduced to China.

Further information about Chinese names comes by way of the Message Board URL http://boards.ancestry.co.uk/mbexec/msg/5538/iRC.2ACE/541.1 :

”… If anyone is interested in family genealogy for descendants of China’s Chou Dynasty, one source of information in my family’s genealogy homepage at http://www.geocities.com/zhouclan/chia_pu.html. The Chou Dynasty is China’s current Imperial family, which resides abroad, outside of China, in Hawaii, in the United States of America. The Chou Dynasty in Hawaii currently consist of approximately 70% of the main prince lineages of the Ch’ing Dynasty and 40-60% of the main lineages of the Ming Dynasty. All of these people have lived in America (Hawaii), now, for three generations or more and are loyal American citizens, holding a belief in democracy and Christianity. If you can not e-mail me, you can write by postal letter to: Chou Dynasty, P.O. Box 4604, Honolulu, Hawaii 96812. Send me your e-mail address for a return reply… I am a descendant of many of China’s great families and I am related to many famous lineages of China. If anyone is doing any serious history or genealogy research on these people or families, I would like to help or get involved. You may write to me by postal mail. Their names are given below:

Chou Dynasty and related family surnames of Chow (Chou, Zhou), Lum (Lin), Chang (Cheng), Goo (Ku), Wu (Wo, Woo), Ing (Ng), Ching (Cheng), Ho, Chiang, Mau (Mao), Choy (Tsai), Sun, Yap (Yip, Ye, Yeh), Wong (Wang), Lai, Kee (Ke), Kwock (Kwok, Kok, Kuo, Guo, Kop), Lau (Liu), Loui (Lui), Dang (Teng, Tang, Deng, Dung), Siu (Hsiu, Hsiao) and Young (Yang, Yong). Also, included: Chock (Cheuk, Cho), Tom (Tan, Tam) and Aisin-Gioro.

…The Chou lineage, which I am from are descendants of the migration to Taiyuan (around 300 BC) and Hsienbei ancestry (Northern Dynasties of the Tuoba clan 386 BC to 600 BC). My lineage can be traced to The Chou Dynasty, Northern Chou Dynasty, and Later Chou Dynasty.

I am part-Mongolian, part-Manchurian, but mostly Chinese. My Mongolian lineage can be traced back to Tamucin. I am a 28th generation descendant wanting to meet and contact family members around the world or people interested and/or doing research on the Mongolian history and genealogy. I am a 6th generation descendant of Tao Kuang (Min Ning) and second-cousin to China’s late Premier Zhou Enlai. By marriage-ties created by Chou P’an Lung, I am a second-cousin to the late Sun Yat-sen and the late Chiang Kai-shek.

Lester D.K. Chow
P.O. Box 4604
Honolulu, Hawaii 96812”

So Lester Chow’s historical research is mainly found at http://www.geocities.com/zhouclan/chia_pu.html .   And those engaging in historical research of China may want to begin there.

But there are other sites with information as well.  For example, here is information Lester Chow posted regarding the origin of various Chinese surnames:

“Origin of Various Surnames,
by Lester D. K. Chow.

When researching the origin of Chinese family surnames,
we accept, in a general sense, the old 100 surname chart
of Emperor Huang Di. Some families, though, have their
own specific origin, which comes from a time prior to
China’s early history.

A good example of this is the original Chou Dynasty
(1122 BC – 249 BC). The following surnames come from
the Chou Dynasty and represents the families of various
Chou Dynasty Kings and Princes: Chow (Chou, Zhou, Jou),
Lum (Lin), Chang (Cheng), Goo (Ku), Wu (Wo, Woo), Ing
(Ng), Ching (Cheng), Ho, Chiang, Mau (Mao), Choy (Tsai),
Sun, Yap (Yip, Ye, Yeh), Wong (Wang), Lai, Kee (Ke),
Kwock (Kwok, Kok, Kuo, Guo, Kop), Lau (Liu), Loui (Lui),
Dang (Teng, Tang, Deng, Dung, Thien), Siu (Hsiu, Hsiao)
and Young (Yang, Yong). Also, included with the Chou
Dynasty surnames, above, are: Chock (Cheuk, Cho) and Tom
(Tan, Tam).

So, if your surname is any of the above, you are a
descendant of China’s Imperial Chou Dynasty. Family
genealogy can be found at our site…   The Chou Clansmen Association Homepage .”

And here was a question posed to Lester Chow, and his response:
“> Hello Lester Chow, Your Genealogy of Mankind is fascinating.  In the Genealogy, you present the Yellow Emperor  (the  man held to be one of the two progenitors of the Han  Chinese race)

The Yellow Emperor is the progenitor of the Han-Chinese race. He is not one of two, he is “the” progenitor. It is the Chou clan people, according to history, and the Chi family (includes the Chow) that have
influenced and directed the “rivers (rivers of mankind in what is called China, today)” so as to direct Ham’s (Han) ancient civilization, out from under Put and out from under Magog. It is the Chou
and the Chi that have done this and have shaped (re-shaped) China’s entire civilization!

Hou Chi, family and friends, were only factors in shaping China’s entire civilization. Please re-read my site as you will find new meaning, now, with my explanation.  Huang Di may not have been the smartest, nor wisest, being a descendant of Ham in Nimrod’s camp. It is the Chou and Chi that really shaped China as my work brings this out.

HAM (憨 see Han; 咸 see Xian)

HAN (韓,韩,邗,罕,寒 see Hahn, Hon; 憨 see Ham, Hom)


…The genealogy text is a record, an accurate record of the Chou clan history, so this should be preserved by members of the Chou clan. Do you think they are worthy or caring enough to
devote their time and resources to doing this? Symbols of the past are important and past history should be preserved. The past teaches us lessons, that is why the Chou clan fathers recorded their history and genealogy, done from ancient times like I have done on my above-mentioned homepage. Can you guess how many in my own family are interested in preserving this kind of thing? How many are really worthy…

> In the Genealogy, you present the Yellow Emperor  (the  man held to be one of the two progenitors of the Han  Chinese race) to be one of the sons of Put. This is  very interesting because the man Put was mentioned in the Bible (Genesis 10:6) as the son of Ham, the son of  Noah. If the Yellow Emperor was truly the son of Put like you claim, then most Chinese clans would be able to trace there lineage up to Adam! I think all Chinese clan associations will be interested.

Being a descendant of Put, may not be a complimentary thing. If one was to find out that their lot is an evil one, one would reject that info as not being true. It is always best to face truth as truth makes better persons. By realizing our past flaws and failings (the same said of our ancestors), we can chart a better, more productive, and upright path for the future. This is the message that I bring, not a
doom and gloom  one.  I think my genealogy text says that Huang Di is the eleventh son of Put.  … Understanding past history is important, because it allows us to understand ourselves…”

Here is an excerpt from the website http://www.b17.com/family/lwp/people/chinese.html :


Chinese Rulers and Emperors

In History, Mythology, and Folklore

“Early Chinese history is derived from archaeological evidence and (with due caution) later legend.  More systematic history begins with the Shang and particularly the Zhou dynasties.  This early political period, vital in Chinese cultural development, ends in 221 B.C.E. with the establishment of a more powerful state.” [1]
“Chinese emperors had many names – a family name, reign titles, and a temple name as well as a multitude of honorary titles.  The first Ming emperor, for example, was born Zhu Yuanzhang (Zhu was his family name).  When he declared himself emperor he took the reign title Hongwu (‘Vast Military Power’) and was known after his death by his temple name, Taizu (‘Surpreme Progenitor’).  Strictly speaking the reign title refers to a number of years and the correct usage is therefore ‘emperor of the Hongwu period’.  Ming and Qing emperors kept one reign title throughout their reign but many earlier emperors changed them to mark an auspicious event or the start of a new era and years were then dated from the start of such reign eras rather than from the emperor’s date of accession.” [2]
“The exact regulations governing the ranks of women in the imperial household varied.  A girl entered the palace as a concubine; if she became an imperial favourite, she was promoted to consort; if the emperor married her, she became empress.  Any concubine whose son became emperor became empress on her son’s accession (this frequently occurred posthumously).” [2]


Descent of Shang Dynasty Rulers from Adam and Eve

As Reckoned by Lester D. K. Chow [3]

Old TestamentDescendants

4026 – 3096 B.C.

Adam(Earthling man, mankind)

3896 – 2984 B.C.

Seth(Appointed, substituded)


Enosh(Enos = man)




Mahalalel(Praise of God, or God shines forth)

3566 – 2604 B.C.



Enoch(Initiated, or dedicated)

3229 – 2370 B.C.

Methuselah(Man of the dart/light spear)

3152 – 2375 B.C.

Lamech(A strong youth)

2970 – 2020 B.C.

Noah(Rest, or consolation)






Shelah(Established + place)


Eber(Be high gift from God)


Joktan(Tribe to sustain)


Jobab(Jehovah to hold)
Shang DynastyDescendants

1767 – 1121 B.C.

  Tang | T’ien I | Ch’eng T’ang(To rest on Harmony)
  Ta Ting“Great Authority”
  Ta Chia“Great Family/kindred”
  Ta Keng | T’ai Keng Hsiao | Keng Pien“Great Change”
  Ta Mou | T’ai Mou | Chung Tsung“To Say”
  Chung Ting“Center Authority”
  Tsu I“My Ancestors”
  Tsu Hsin“Ancestral Faith”
  Tsu Ting“Ancestral Authority”
  Hsiao I“Filial Am I”
  Wu Ting | Wo Ting | Kao Tsung“Military Authority”
  Tsu Chia“Ancestral Family
  K’ang Ting | Keng Ting‘Peace/Repose Authority”

r. 1123 B.C.

Wu I | Wu Tsu“Subject to Me”
  Wen-Wu Ting | T’ai Ting“Shen’s Authority”
  Fu I | Ti I | I“First Father”
  His Wen | Ti Hsin | Djou“Succession from Shen”
  Wu Keng“To Awaken Change”



Hsia | Xia Dynasty






As  Reckoned  by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned By

Yutopian [4]


  Yufl. 2100-2055 Xia Yu Di2205 – 2197 BC  
  Ch’Ifl. 2055-2016 Xia Qi(2,197 – 2188 B.C.)  
  Ta K’angfl. 2016-1986 Xia Tai Kang(2,188 – 2,159 B.C.)  
  Chung K’angfl. 1986-1977 Xia Zhong Kang(2,159 – 2,146 B.C.)  
  Hsiangfl. 1977-1970 > Xia Xiang(2,146 – 2,079 B.C.)  
  Shao K’ang Xia Shao Kang(2,079 – 2,057 B.C.)  
  Chu17 years Xia Zhu(2,057 – 2,040 B.C.)  
  Feng26 years Xia Huai(2,040 – 2,014 B.C.)  
  Huang Xia Man(2,014 – 1,996 B.C.)  
  Hsiehmore than 21 years Xia Xie(1,996 – 1,980 B.C.)  
  Pu Chiang69 years Xia Bu Jiang(1,980 – 1,921 B.C.)  
  Chiung21 years Xia Pian(1,921 – 1,900 B.C.)  
  Chin20 years Xia Li(1,900 – 1,879 B.C.)  
  K’ung Chia Xia Kung Jia(1,879 – 1,848 B.C.)  
  Kao3 years Xia Bo(1,848 – 1,837 B.C.)  
  Fa Xia Fa(1,837 – 1,818 B.C.)  
  Chiehfl. c. 1600 Xia Jie(1,818 – 1,783 B.C.)  



Shang Dynasty




As Reckoned by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned By

Yutopian [4]

As Reckoned By

K. L. Ross [6]

Ta Efl. c. 1600    
Pu Ping    
Nan Jen Shang Tang(1,783 – 1,753 B.C.) Ch’êng-t’ang1523 –
Ta Chia Shang Tai Jia(1,753 – 1,720 B.C.) T’ai-chia
Tsu Ting Shang Wo Ding1,720 – 1,691 B.C.) Wu-ling
Ta Keng Shang Tai Kang(1,691 – 1,666 B.C.) T’ai-kêng
Hsiao Chia Shang Xiao Jia(1,666 – 1,649 B.C.) Hsiao-chia
Yung Chi Shang Yong Ji(1,649 – 1,637 B.C.) Yung-chi
Ta Mou Shang Tai Wu(1,637 – 1,562 B.C.) T’ai-wu
Chung Ting Shang Zhong Ding(1,562 – 1,549 B.C.) Chung-ting
Pu Jen Shang Wai Ren(1,549 – 1,534 B.C.) Wai-jên
Chia Shang He Tan Jia(1,534 – 1,525 B.C.) Tsien-chia
Tsu E Shang Zu Yi(1,525 – 1,506 B.C.) Tsu-yi
Tsu Hsin Shang Zu Xing(1,506 – 1,490 B.C.) Tsu-hsin
Ch’iang Chia Shang Wo Jia(1,490 – 1,465 B.C.) Ch’iang-chia
Tsu Ting Shang Zu Ding(1,465 – 1,433 B.C.) Tsu-ting
Nan Keng Shang Nan Geng(1,433 – 1,408 B.C.) Nan-kêng
Chia Shang Yang Jia(1,408 – 1,401 B.C.) Hu-chia
Pan Kengc. 1325- ? Shang Pan Kang(1,401 – 1372 B.C.) P’an-kêng
Hsiao Hsin Shang Xiao Xing(1,372 – 1,352 B.C.) Hsiao-hsin
Hsiao E? -c. 1230 Shang Xiao Yi(1,352 – 1,324 B.C.) Hsiao-yi
Wu Tingc. 1230-c. 1171 Shang Wu Ding(1,324 – 1,265 B.C.) Wu-ting
Tsu Kengc. 1171-c. 1164 Shang Zu Geng(1,265 – 1,258 B.C.) Tsu-kêng
Tsu Chiac. 1164-c. 1131 Shang Zu Jia(1,258 – 1,235 B.C.) Tsu-chia
Hsiung Hsinc. 1131-c. 1127 Shang Bing Xing(1,235 – 1,219 B.C.) Lin-hsin
K’ang Tingc. 1127-c. 1123 Shang Geng Ding(1,219 – 1,198 B.C.) K’ang-tin
Wu Ec. 1123-c. 1088 Shang Wu Yi(1,198 – 1,194 B.C.) Wu-yi
Wen Wu Tingc. 1088-c. 1077 Shang Tai Ding(1,194 – 1,191 B.C.) Wên-wu-ting
Fu Ec. 1077-c. 1075 Shang Di Yi(1,191 – 1,154 B.C.) Ti-yi
Ti Hsinc. 1075-c. 1050 Shang Zhou(1,154 – 1,134 B.C.) Ti-hsin
Chou | Xi Zhou Dynasty

As Reckoned by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned By

Yutopian [4]

As Reckoned By

K. L. Ross [6]

Wuc. 1050-c. 1047 Zhou Wu Wang(1,134-1,115 B.C.) Wu Wang
Ch’engc. 1047-c. 1017 Zhou Cheng Wang(1,115-1,078 B.C.) Chêng Wang
K’angc. 1017-c. 992 Zhou Kang Wang(1,078 – 1,052 B.C.) K’ang Wang
Chaoc. 992-c. 973 Zhou Zhao Wang(1,052 – 1,001 B.C.) Chao Wang
Muc. 973-c. 918 Zhou Mu Wang(1,001 – 946 B.C.) Mu Wang
Kungc. 918-c. 903 Zhou Gong Wang(946 – 934 B.C.) Kung Wang
Ec. 903-c. 900 Zhou Yi Wang(934 – 909 B.C.) I Wang
Hsiaoc. 900-c. 893 Zhou Xiao Wang(909 – 894 B.C.) Hsiao Wang
Yic. 893-c. 861 Zhou Yi Wang(894 – 878 B.C.) I Wang
Lic. 861-827 Zhou Li Wang(878 – 827 B.C.) Li Wang878
Hsuan827-781 Zhou Xuan Wang(827 – 781 B.C.) Hsüan Wang827
Yu781-c. 772 Zhou You Wang(781 – 770 B.C.) Yu Wang781

From this time on, the structure of Chinese society became increasingly feudalized, as local provinces became increasingly autonomous. Formal recognition of the Chou Emperors was retained, but real power fell more and more into the hands of petty Kingdoms within China.


Dong Zhou Dynasty




As Reckoned by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned By

Yutopian [4]

As Reckoned By

K. L. Ross [6]

Pingc. 772-719 with… Zhou Ping Wang(770-719 B.C.) P’ing Wang770
Hsi Wang770-760    
Huan719-696 Zhou Huan Wang(719 – 696 B.C.) Huan Wang719
Chuang696-681 Zhou Zhuang Wang(696 – 683 B.C.) Chuang Wang696
His681-675 Zhou Xi Wang(683 –676 B.C.) Hsi Wang681
T’ui675-673 with… Zhou Hui Wang(676 – 651 B.C.) Hui Wang676
Hui675-c. 651    
Hsiangc. 651-c. 618 with… Zhou Xian Wang(651 – 618 B.C.) Hsiang Wang651
Shu Tai636-635    
Ch’ingc. 618-612 Zhou Qing Wang(618 – 612 B.C.) Ch’ing Wang618
K’uang612-606 Zhou Kuang Wang(612 – 606 B.C.) K’uang Wang612
Ting606-585 Zhou Ding Wang(606 –585 B.C.) Ting Wang606
Chien585-571 Zhou Jian Wang(585 – 571 B.C.) Chien Wang585
Ling571-544 Zhou Ling Wang(571 – 544 B.C.) Ling Wang571
Ching (I)544-520 Zhou Jing Wang(544 – 519 B.C.) Ching Wang544
Ching (II)519-c. 476 Zhou Jing Wang(519 – 476 B.C.) Ching Wang
YuanCc. 476-c. 469 Zhou Yuan Wang(476 – 468 B.C.) Yüan Wang475
Tingc. 469-c. 440 Zhou Zhen Ding Wang(468 – 441 B.C.) Chêng-ting Wang468
K’aoc. 440- ? with… Zhou Ai Wang(441 – 441 B.C.) K’ao Wang440
Ai440 and…    
Ssu440 and… Zhou Si Wang(441 – 440 B.C.)  
Hsi Chou Huan Kung Zhou Kao Wang(440 – 425 B.C.)  
Wei Lieh425- ? with… Zhou Wei Li Wang(425 – 401 B.C.) Wei-lieh Wang425
Hsi Chou Wei Kung    

By this point the Chou monarchy had lost all control over provincial dynasties, and the remaining Chou era is known as the “Warring States” period, as various local states contended for the Mandate of Heaven.

Anc. 401- ? with… Zhou An Wang(401 – 375 B.C.) An Wang401
Hsi Chou Hui Kung    
Lieh375-368 with… Zhou Lie Wang(375 – 368 B.C.) Lieh Wang375
Hsi Chou Wu Kung? – ? and…    
Tung Chou Hui Kung367-359 and then…    
Heien368- ? with… Zhou Xian Wang(368 – 320 B.C.) Hsien Wang368
Hsi Chou Wen Kung? -249 (sic) and…    
Tung Chou Wu Kung359- ? then…    
Shen Ching320-314 Zhou Shen Ling Wang(320 – 314 B.C.) Shên-ching Wang320
Nan314-256 Zhou Bao Wang(314 – 255 B.C.) Nan Wang314-256
  Zhou Hui Wang(255 – 221 B.C.)  



Chin | Qin | Ch’in Dynasty

As Reckoned by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned By

Yutopian [4]

As Reckoned By

K. L. Ross [6]

As Reckoned By

A. Paludan [2]


Chao-hsiang Wang



Hsiao-wên Wang



Chuang-hsing Wang



Shihuangdi (Zheng)


Qin Shi Huang Di

(246 – 210 B.C.)

Wang Chêng


(changes his name to)



Qin Shihuangdi

221 BC – 210 BC

Er Shi (Hu Hai)


Qin Er Shi

(209 – 207 B.C.)



Hu Hai

Er Shi | Ershihuangdi

210 BC – 207 BC



Qin San Shi

(207 – 206 B.C.)


Ziying | Sanshihuangdi

207 BC – 207 BC

Reigned 46 days


Western Han | Hàn | Xi Han Dynasty




As Reckoned by

Obsidian [5]

As Reckoned By

Yutopian [4]

As Reckoned By

K. L. Ross [6]

As Reckoned By

A. Paludan [2]

Gaodi (Liu Bang)206-195 Han Gao Zu – Liu Bang(206 – 194 B.C.)

Kao Tsu
Liu Pang


Liu Bang | Liu JiGaodi | Gaozu206 BC – 195 BC
  Chu Ba Wang(206 – 202 B.C.)    
Huidi (Liu Ying)195-188 Han Hui Di(194 – 187 B.C.)

Hui Ti
Liu Ying


Liu YingHuidi195 BC – 188 BC
Shaodi Kong188-180with… Han Lu Hou(187 – 179 B.C.)

Lu Hou (f)
Lu Chih


Lu Zhi | Lu Hou(Regent for Shaodi Kong and Shaodi Hong)188 BC – 180 BC
Shaodi Hong188-180      
Wendi (Liu Heng)180-157 Han Wen Di(179 – 156 B.C.)

Wên Ti
Liu Heng


Liu HengWendi180 BC – 157 BC
Jingdi (Liu Qi)157-141 Han Jing Di(156 – 140 B.C.)

Ching Ti
Liu Ch’I


Liu QiJingdi157 BC – 141 BC
Wudi (Liu Che)141-87 Han Wu Di(140 – 86 B.C.)

Wu Ti
Liu Ch’e


Liu CheWudi141 BC –  87 BC
Zhaodi (Liu Fuling)87-74 Han Zhao Di(86 – 74 B.C.)

Chao Ti
Liu Fu-ling


Liu FulingZhaodi87 BC – 74 BC
Xuandi (Liu Bingyi)74-49 Han Xuan Di(74 – 49 B.C.)

Hsüan Ti
Liu Ping-I


Liu Bingyi | Liu XunXuandi74 BC – 49 BC
Yuandi (Liu Shi)49-33 Han Yuan Di(49 – 32 B.C.)

Yüan Ti
Liu Shih


Liu ShiYuandi49 BC –  33 BC
Chengdi (Liu Ao)33-7 Han Cheng Di(32 – 6 B.C.)

Ch’eng Ti
Liu Ao


Liu Ao | Liu AuChengdi33 BC –   7 BC
Aidi (Liu Xin)7-1 Han Ai Di(6 – 0 B.C.)

Ai Ti
Liu Hsin

6 BC

Liu XinAidi7 BC –   1 BC
Pingdi (Liu Jizi)1 BCE-6 CE Han Ping Di(0 – 6 A.D.)

P’ing Ti
Liu Chi-tzu

1 AD

Liu Jizi | Liu KanPingdi1 BC –   6 AD
Ruzi (Liu Ying)6-9  

Liu Ying


Liu YingRuzi7 –   9
      Wang Mang9 –  23

Note: Wang Mang founded the Xin (‘New’) dynasty, but it is not recognized by official historians.

Hsin | Xin Dynasty
  As Reckoned ByYutopian [4]

As Reckoned By

K. L. Ross [6]

  Wang Mang(? – 23 A.D.) Wang Mang9  
  Han Wei Yang Wang – Liu Xuan(23 – 25 A.D.) Huai-yang Wang23  




Eastern Han Dynasty
25 – 220



Eastern Han Dynasty
25 – 220

 25 –  57

Liu Xiu | Guang Wudi | Guangwudi

 57 –  75

Liu Yang | Liu Zhuang | Mingdi

 75 –  88

Liu Da | Zhangdi

 88 – 106

Liu Zhao | Hedi

106 – 106

Liu Long | Shangdi

106 – 125

Liu Yu | Liu Hu | Andi

125 – 144

Liu Bao | Shundi

144 – 145

Liu Bing | Chongdi

145 – 146

Liu Zuan | Zhidi

146 – 168

Liu Zhi | Huandi

168 – 189

Liu Hong | Lingdi

189 – 220

Liu Xie | Xiandi

The Three Kingdoms Period
220 – 280


Wei Kingdom
220 – 264

220 – 226

Cao Pi | Wendi

227 – 239


240 – 253


254 – 260

Gao Gui Xiang Gong

260 – 264


Wu Kingdom
222 – 280

222 – 252

Sun Quan | Wu Wudi

252 – 258


258 – 264


264 – 280


Shu Han Kingdom
221 – 263

221 – 223

Liu Bei | Shu Han Xuande | Zhaoliedi

223 – 263

Hou Zhu

The Period of Disunion
265 – 589


Western Jin
265 – 316

265 – 289

Sima Yuan | Sima Yan | Jin Wudi

290 – 306

Sima Zhong | Huidi

307 – 312

Sima Zhi | Huaidi

313 – 316

Sima Ye | Mindi

Eastern Jin
317 – 419

317 – 322

Sima Rui | Yuandi

323 – 325

Sima Shao | Mingdi

326 – 342

Sima Yan | Chengdi

343 – 344

Sima Yue | Kangdi

345 – 361

Sima Dan | Mudi

362 – 365

Sima Pi | Aidi

366 – 370

Sima Yi | Hai Xi Gong | Haixigong

371 – 372

Sima Yu | Jian Wendi | Jianwendi

373 – 396

Sima Yao | Xiao Wudi | Xiaowudi

397 – 418

Sima Dezong | Andi

419 -419

Sima Dewen | Gongdi

Liu Song Dynasty
420 -479


420 – 422

Liu Yu | Song Wudi

423 – 423

Liu Yifu | Ying Yang Wang

424 – 453

Liu Yilong | Wendi

454 – 464

Liu Jun | Xiao Wudi

465 – 472

Liu Yu | Mingdi

473 – 476

Liu Ye | Cang Wu Wang

477 – 479

Liu Jun | Shundi

Qi Dynasty
479 -501

479 – 482

Xiao Daocheng | Qi Gaodi

483 – 493

Xiao Ze | Wudi

494 – 498

Xiao Luan | Mingdi

499 – 500

Xiao Bao Chuan | Dong Hunhou

501 -501


Liang Dynasty
502 – 556

502 – 549

Xiao Yan | Liang Wudi

550 – 550

Xiao Gang | Jian Wendi

551 – 551

Yu Zhang Wang

552 – 554

Xiao Yi | Yuandi

555 – 556

Xiao Fangzhi | Jingdi

557 – 589

557 -559

Chen Baxian | Wudi

560 – 566

Chen Qian | Wendi

567 – 568

Chen Bozong | Lin Hai Wang

569 – 582

Chen Xu | Xuandi

583 – 589

Chen Shubao | Hou Zhu

Sui and Tang Dynasties
581 – 907


Sui Dynasty
581 – 618

581 – 604

Yang Jian | Wendi

604 – 617

Yang Guang | Yangdi

617 – 618

Yang Yu | Gongdi

Tang Dynasty
618 – 907

618 – 626

Li Yuan | Gaozu

626 – 649

Li Shimin | Taizong

649 – 683

Li Zhi | Gaozong

684 – 684

Li Zhe | Zhongzong

684 – 690

Li Dan | Ruizong

690 – 705

Wu Zhao | Wu Zetian

705 – 710

Li Zhe | Zhongzong

710 – 712

Li Dan | Ruizong

712 – 756

Li Longji | Xuanzong

756 – 762

Li Yu | Li Heng | Suzong

762 – 779

Li Yu | Daizong

779 – 805

Li Shi | Dezong

805 – 805

Li Song | Shunzong

805 – 820

Li Chun | Xianzong

820 – 824

Li Heng | Muzong

824 – 827

Li Zhan | Jingzong

827 – 840

Li Ang | Wenzong

840 – 846

Li Yan | Wuzong

846 – 859

Li Chen | Li Zhen | Xuanzong

859 – 873

Li Wen | Li Cui | Yizong

873 – 888

Li Yan | Xizong

888 – 904

Li Jie | Li Yi | Zhaozong

904 – 907

Li Zhu | Adi | Zhaoxuan | Aizong

Five Dynasties Period
907 – 960


Later Liang
907 – 923

907 – 910

Zhu Wen | Liang Taizu

911 – 923


Later Tang
923 – 935

923 – 926

Tang Zhuangzong

926 – 935


934 – 935


Later Jin
936 – 947

936 – 944


944 – 947


Later Han
947 – 951

947 – 948


948 – 951


Later Zhou
951 – 960

951 – 954


954 – 960






Northern and Southern Song
960 – 1279



Northern Song
960 – 1126


960 – 976

Zhao Kuangyin | Taizu

976 – 997

Zhao Guangyi | Zhao Kuangyi | Taizong

998 – 1022

Zhao Dechang | Zhao Heng | Zhenzong

1022 – 1063

Zhao Zhen | Renzong

1064 – 1067

Zhao Shu | Yingzong

1068 – 1085

Zhao Xu | Shenzong

1086 – 1101

Zhao Xu | Zhezong

1101 – 1125

Zhao Ji | Huizong

1126 – 1126

Zhao Huan | Qinzong

Southern Song
1127 – 1279

1127 – 1162

Zhao Gou | Gaozong

1163 – 1190

Zhao Bozong | Zhao Shen | Xiaozong

1190 – 1194

Zhao Dun | Guangzong

1195 – 1224

Zhao Kuo | Ningzong

1225 – 1264

Zhao Yuju | Zhao Tian | Lizong

1265 – 1274

Zhao Mengqi | Zhao Qi | Duzong

1275 – 1275

Zhao Xian | Gongzong | Gongdi

1276 – 1278

Zhao Shi | Duanzong

1279 – 1279

Zhao Bing | Bing Di




Yuan Dynasty1279 – 1368



Yuan Dynasty
1279 – 1368

1279 – 1294

Khubilai Khan | Shizu

1294 – 1307

Temur Oljeitu | Chengzong

1308 – 1311

Khaishan | Wuzong

1311 – 1320

Ayurbarwada | Ayurbadrabal | Renzong

1321 – 1323

Shidebala | Shoodbal | Yingzong

1323 – 1328

Yesun Temur | Yesuntemur | Taiding |Taidingdi

1328 – 1329

Tugh Temur | Asugbal | Wenzong Tianshundi

1329 – 1329

Tugh Khoshila | Hooshal | Mingzong

1329 – 1332

Tugh Temur | Tugtemur | Wenzong

1333 – 1368

Toghon Temur | Togontemur | Shundi




Ming Dynasty1368 – 1644



Ming Dynasty
1368 – 1644

1368 – 1398

Zhu Yuanzhang | Zhu Yuanzhong | Hongwu | Taizu

1399 -1402

Zhu Yunwen | Jianwen | Huidi

1403 – 1424

Zhu Di | Yongle | Chengzu

1424 – 1425

Zhu Gaozhi | Hongxi | Renzong

1426 – 1435

Zhu Zhanji | Xuande | Xuanzong

1436 – 1449

Zhu Qizhen | Zhengtong | Tianshun | Yingzong

1450 – 1457

Zhu Qiyu | Jingtai | Jengdi

1457 – 1464

Zhu Qizhen | Zhengtong | Tianshun | Yingzong

1465 – 1487

Zhu Jianshen | Zhu Jianji | Zhu Jianru | Chenghua | Xianzong

1488 – 1505

Zhu Yutang | Hongzhi | Xiaozong

1506 – 1521

Zhu Houzhao | Zhengde | Wuzong

1522 – 1567

Zhu Houcong | Zhu Houzong | Jiahing | Shizong

1567 – 1572

Zhu Zaihou | Longqing | Muzong

1573 – 1620

Zhu Yizhun | Zhu Yijun | Wanli | Shenzong

1620 – 1620

Zhu Changle | Zhu Changluo | Taichang | Guangzong

1621 – 1627

Zhu Yujiao | Tianqi | Xizong

1628 – 1644

Zhu Yujian | Chongzhen | Zhongzhen | Sizong




Qing Dynasty1644 – 1911



Qing Dynasty
1644 – 1911

1644 – 1661

Fulin | Shunzhi | Shizu

1661 – 1722

Xuan Ye | Xuanye | Kangxi | Shengzu

1723 – 1735

Yinchen | Yinzhen | Yongzheng | Shizong

1736 – 1795

Hongli | Qianlong | Gaozong

1796 – 1820

Yongyan | Jiajing | Renzong

1821 – 1850

Min Ning | Minning | Daoguang | Xuanzong

1851 – 1861

Yichu | Yizhu | Xianfeng | Wenzong

1862 – 1874

Zaichun | Tongzhi | Muzong

1875 – 1908

Zai Tian | Zaitian | Guangxu | Dezong

1909 – 1911

Aisin Gioro Puyi | Henry Puyi | Xuandi | Xuantong | Xuanzong



[1] Stearns, Peter N., General Editor, The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth Edition, 2001, ISBN 0‑395‑65237‑5.
[2] Paludan, Ann, Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors: The Reign-by-Reign Record of the Rulers of Imperial China, 1998, ISBN 0‑500‑05090‑2.
[3] Chow, Lester D. K., Chou Dynasty, 2001.
[4] Yutopian, Chinese Culture: History, 2000.
[5] Obsidian, Regnal Chronologies: China, 2002.
[6] Ross, Kelley L., Emperors of the Sangoku, The “Three Kingdoms,” of India, China, & Japan, 2001.


Go to the index for People in History, Mythology, and Folklore




Here is information from FAQ: About China’s Imperial Family http://lchow.webvis.net/faq :

“   a) The Chou Dynasty is China's most benevolent and longest lasting
      dynasty in the history of China (800 years).
   b) The descendants of the Chou along with the people of the Chi
      grouping are Shemites, descendants of Shem, as opposed to the Han
      (Hamite, descendants of Ham) people of China.
   c) By their ancient paternal lineage, they are an ancient Hebrew tribe
      of people who migrated or were sinocized into the Han-Chinese race.
      They could be classified, today, by their ancient paternal lineage,
      as being Caucasian, Middle Eastern, or Arab.
   d) The primary essence of the Chou was the worship of God and obedience
      to God's leanings.  From the Chou Dynasty comes China's knowledge of
      God and Heaven.  In ancient times, people were in darkness and Nimrod
      took his people (Hamites) away from the knowledge of God.  Written
      language ceased to exist and man denigrated into a low and debased
      state of existence.  The Chou Dynasty and Chi grouping of people
      brought back civilization and a godly (organized) form of existence
      to China in the form of an upright feudal state.  From this early
      beginning, all of China's cyclical patterns derive.
   e) The Chow clan begins with a man named Jobab (Jo.ab or Jo.bah), who
      was born in 2206 BC, after whom the Chou or Chow Dynasty and clan
      gets its name (Chou is prounced as "Jo").
   f) The Chou history, though, according to Chou clan records, goes back
      to the era around 3896-2984 BC and to a time around 1366 BC with the
      founding of their family's dynasty structure.
   g) In 1122 BC, the Chou Dynasty begins its formal reign of China.  The
      Chou Dynasty ends in 256 BC giving the Chou Dynasty a reign of 866
      years, the longest in China's history.
   h) The Chou (Jo) clan people are originally from the Wei river valley,
      in northern China, which is a valley which resembles their original
      home in the Middle East, an ancient village, later named Hassuna
      (formerly the village of Joktan), which was located across the Tigris
      River, south of Calneh, during the time of Nimrod's rule.  The
      Chinese word wei's main meaning or root is "terrorize," which is what
      Nimrod did to many ancient cities during his day.
   i) The essence of the Chou, therefore, is a godly one, ever since the
      early beginnings of its history, in 3896, until today, the leaders
      of the dynasty and clan, if they are true to their faith, hopefully,
      were good and upright leaders in whatever endeavor they chose to
      undertake.  Virtue, benevolence, and true worship of God is what the
      Chou is all about…”

http://rebelynn21.tripod.com/id9.html :

History of Jew Surname
The following is a letter I received from Lester Chow, a leading researcher of the Zhou/Chou/Chow lineage:November 2, 2003Lester D.K. Chow
P.O. Box 4604
Honolulu, Hawaii 96812
Tel: (808) 538-1855
mailto: lchow@nospam.lava.netRebecca Jew
3131 N. 70th St.
Scottsdale, AZ 85251
mailto:rebelynn@cox.netI am writing to say that I like your genealogy homepage.  It certainly looks nice and it has the appearance of being professionally done. That’s to your credit.  Good work!  http://rebelynn21.tripod.com/jewroots/id2.html  I am writing to give you an update on our Jew/Chow genealogy sites:1. The new url for the Chow genealogy site is http://www.geocities.com/zhouclan/chia_pu.html
2. The Chou Clansmen Association site (http://www.idis.com/ChouOnline) has been taken down and will be relocated to http://chouclansmenassociation.com and http://zhouclansmenassociation.com (our trade names), when we are ready.  We do not have enough members and we are currently experiencing financial problems.  Our Hawaii USA lineage represents the main lineage of the entire Chou Dynasty.

Origin of the Jew surname
When we, Chinese, came to America, our family surname was Romanized in many different ways. In mainland China, because people use Chinese characters in writing, our family name is always the same. Indigenous Han-Chinese people use only one character as their surname, for example surnames like Chow, Chang, Ching, Lum, Wong, and Sung are composed of only one Chinese character.  The correct and generally used Romanization is Chow in Cantonese and Zhou in Pinyin.  Variations have been created in the West, sometimes, to signify a certain lineage or family legacy.  For example, the main lineage of the Chou Dynasty (going back to the following dynasties: Chou Dynasty 1122-256 BC, Northern Chou Dynasty 557-581 AD, Later Chou Dynasty 951-960 AD, and Modern Chou Dynasty 1644-2003 AD), a dynasty family comprised of over 20 Chinese family surnames, goes by the surname of Chow.  A secondary lineage, from the Northern Chou Dynasty, uses Jue as their surname, after their founding branch ancestor.

The proper Romanization of our family name, today, is Chow in Cantonese and Zhou in Mandarin (Pinyin).  We use the Romanization of Chou (Zhou in Pinyin) to signify our dynasty in accord with Chinese custom.  The name Chow (Chow, Zhou, or Chou), pronounced as Jo in the Middle East and China, comes from our family’s early Hebrew or Shemite origin in the Fertile Crescent (3896-1900 BC).

We are not Jews.  The Chow clan is an early Hebrew tribe (about 200 years prior to the time of Abram), also called Shemites, descendants of Eber, who resided in Hassuna in Iraq as their village. Every tribe had their own God-given land, where they resided.  Hassuna in Iraq was our family’s village (city, hometown).  In 2205 BC Nimrod, an evil and wicked warlord, an opposer to God, took his people and absorbed (sinocized) other people and (took) their lands up and down the Tigris River and throughout the Fertile Crescent.  Asshur, Calah, Nineveh, and Khorsabad are cities, where the descendants of Jobab resided alongside of the descendants of Asshur, that were claimed in the name of Nimrod.  http://www.geocities.com/zhouclan/genealogy/bible/file.html

Generally, Chinese people with the surname of Jew are descendants of the Chou Dynasty (carrying the “Jo” surname) whose surnames were Romanized as such to honor our family’s Hebrew heritage in America.  In 2086 BC or around that time period there lived a man, a descendant of Jobab, named Ju in China.  His name meant to eat greens instead of eating meat, because in days of old God had commanded it.  The Chou clan, being the family in mainland China that brought and held the worship of God in China, throughout history has memorialized Ju.  And so upon our arrival to the United States of America, some family members were called Ju, after one of our founding ancestors.  The name Ju was, somehow, Romanized in a Christian way and the Chinese surname of Jew came
about.  http://www.geocities.com/zhouclan/chia_pu.html

Other Jew/Chow links:


Copyright (c) Lester
D.K. Chow 1985-2003


Copyright information
contained in the above letter.



So the internet provides fertile ground for research in China’s history, even back to the time of Noah.

3. “Baru atta YAHUWAH, the Aloahiym of Shem” (Gen. 9:26)


 Click here for PDF free to download file:       https://sites.google.com/site/blessedbethelordthegodofshem/


With Noah’s words of blessings, “Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem” God has given a prophecy to mankind.  Shem is one of Noah’s three sons.  Yahweh is the God of Shem and the Lord Jesus Christ is a direct descendant of Shem. (Lk. 3:23-38)  We know that Shem had five sons named Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram. (Gen. 10:22)  Jesus’ ancestry came from Arphaxad.  The genealogy of Shem is traced to Abraham. (Gen. 11:10-32)  In Genesis 12 God made a covenant with Abraham.


“I will make you a great nation; I will bless you and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing.  I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed.” (Gen. 12:2-3)


The blessings that God bestowed to Abraham have been fulfilled in the nation of Israel and the Messiah Jesus.  Indeed “all the families of the earth” are truly blessed by our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ who is also the God of Shem.


There is much  information in the Bible concerning the descendants of Arphaxad but little is written about the other four sons of Shem.  The line of descendants of Joktan continued in their migration towards the east after the flood (Gen.10:30-32) There is evidence in anthropology that some of the descendants of Shem gradually settled down in Asia particularly China.     Some Chinese family names are traced to Shem.   Many scholars believe that Isaiah 49:11-12 refer to China.  The Chinese, who are believed to be descendants of Noah’s son Shem, called themselves the Sine people. The Chinese word was Chin. The three criteria of Isaiah 49:11,12 are that the country must be east or south of Jerusalem; must be far from Jerusalem; and must be an important country to mention.  China meets all these criteria.


The earliest civilization in China showed their belief in the One True God, the Creator of the Universe.   They were worshiping the God of Shem.  The first prehistoric dynasty is said to be Xia () from about the twenty-first to the sixteenth century B.C.  The beginning of this period corresponds with the time that God called Abraham and made a covenant with him.  This is also the same period when China first developed its own form of writing.


I confess that my knowledge of Chinese writing is very small and limited, but I do know enough of it to share with you what I have learned through research on its co-relationship with the belief in the One True God.  Whereas the Abraham line of the Semitic race has developed the Hebrew written language based on sounds, the Chinese written language is based on pictures, symbols and signs. God gave the Hebrew people the Torah and He has given the Chinese picture words as a way of revealing His truths to them.  Let me show you a few of these words.


The first Chinese word I would like to illustrate is “create”. 


Here is the Chinese word   



zao – create 


         This word has a combination of four symbols or picture words

This stroke denotes life.      means earth.  

 means mouth or person     pertains to movement


A combination of these four symbols or picture words gives us the description of how God created man.


“And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living being.” (Gen. 2:7)



The next Chinese word we study is “righteousness”   



 yi – righteousness


This word has two words one above the other.

means sheep or lamb (at the top)

means I or me (at the bottom)


The Biblical meaning of “righteousness” refers to that only which God can impart on sinful man when He takes away his sin through the shedding of blood.  Abel’s sacrifice of an unblemished lamb was acceptable to God. (Gen. 4:4)  Abraham’s sacrifice of a ram in the place of Isaac is also acceptable to God. (Gen. 22:7-18)  The Chinese people have understood this truth at the very beginning of its civilization when they composed the word for righteousness by placing the word for lamb above the word for “I” or “me”.  The Chinese word for righteousness consists of the word at the top for “lamb” or sheep which, of course, refers to our Lord Jesus Christ who is the Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world. (Jn. 1:29)  We can only receive God’s righteousness when we have the “Lamb of God” over us.


Now let us look at the Chinese word   that means I or me which is composed of two words. 

 means hand, and  means spear


The Chinese word   for righteousness has the word for “Lamb” over the word “me”.  The Lamb of God has become my substitute in death.  It  is also a prophecy of our Lord’s atonement for sin on the cross at Calvary.


“But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.” (Jn. 19:34)


This miracle combined the two events of the death of Jesus Christ on the cross and His baptism on the Jordan River. This is the reason why our Lord said to John the Baptist at His baptism, “Permit it to be so now, for it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness.” (Mt. 3:15)  The apostle Paul wrote:  “Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death?  Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, . . . (Rom. 6:3-4)



The next Chinese word that we shall consider is “ship”  .


chuan – ship


 This Chinese word is composed of three words

 means ship, boat or floating vessel.

 is the radical symbol for 8, eight.

means mouth or person.


When you have a pictogram of eight people in a boat what do you think this Chinese word refers to? Noah’s Ark, of course.  Just read what the Bible says.


“On the very same day Noah and Noah’s sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and Noah’s wife and the three wives of his sons with them, entered the Ark.” (Gen. 7:13)


“. . . who formerly were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the Ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls were saved through water.” (1 Pet. 3:20)


How did the Chinese people know that eight people were saved in the Ark during the Great Flood?  It is easy!  Shem is the ancestor of the Chinese people.  When Shem’s descendants migrated to China they also brought with them stories of the Great Flood.  In fact many other countries also have stories of the Great Flood.  When the Chinese formulated their written language they just composed the word “ship” by using the three symbols of a floating vessel, eight and people.  This is also their way of preserving truth and history.


Our next Chinese word is “tower”  .


t’a – tower

This word is a combination of several words.

means earth or world

pertains to grass and plants

means unity – combination of

means people

means one

 means mouth, language


This Chinese word    fitly describes the “Tower of Babel”.


“Now the whole earth had one language and one speech . . . And they said, ‘Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in the heavens; let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad over face of the earth.” (Gen. 2:1-4)


Our next Chinese word is “come”   .



lai – come


This word  has a cross (green) in the middle.  Two persons  (red) were hanging on both sides of the cross, and One Big Man  (red) was hanging at the bottom of the cross.


The Chinese word   is God’s invitation for all peoples of the  world to come to Him for salvation.  The two criminals who hung on either side of the Lord Jesus Christ represent mankind who is filled with sin and in need of salvation.  One believed on the Lord Jesus Christ, repented of his sins, was saved and promised a place in Paradise.  The other criminal did not.  The Big Man at the bottom of the cross represents the Lord Jesus Christ who bore the sins of mankind on His body.


“For He made Him who knew no sin to be sin for us, that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (2 Cor. 5:21)


“Come, now, and let us reason together,’ says the LORD,  Though your sins are like scarlet, they shall be while as snow; Though they are red like crimson, they shall be as wool.” (Isa. 1:18)


The last Chinese word that we shall consider is “blessing”  .
fu – blessing
=     means Divine    
 means fill – combination of  
 one   +    mouth, person  +   field



“Blessed is the nation whose God is the Lord, The people He has chosen as His own inheritance.” (Psm. 33:12)


Although the One True God had revealed His truths to the Chinese people through their writings for thousands of years yet they have rejected Him and worshiped other gods.  Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism have been the major religions in China.  But Confucianism had the greatest impact on the Chinese society.  It was the State religion of China from 100 B.C. to 1,900 A.D. Buddhism was first introduced to China about 65 CE.  With the downfall of the Han Dynasty in 220 CE and the troubled chaotic period that followed, Buddhism was able to spread to different regions of China.  By the late 4th century, 90 percent of the people in the northwest region of China (closest to central Asia and the Silk Road) were Buddhists.  In 1949, the Chinese communists gained control of China. The Government officially condemned religions. As a result, most followers of religions lived outside mainland China. In 1970’s, however, the Communist Government relaxed its policy against religion and so, religion enjoyed a revival on the mainland.


In 1949 the estimate of the number of Christians in China was put at one million.  “The growth of the church in China has no parallels in history.” Researchers estimated 30-75 million Christians in 1990 as likely.   The State Statistical Bureau in China confidently estimated 63 million protestants and 12 million Catholics in 1992.   Compare this to the estimated 1,812,000 Protestants and 3,300,000 Catholics in 1949.   Most of the growth is in the unofficial house fellowship networks, and through the work of itinerant preachers and numerous local revival movements. The number of Christians in China has grown to an estimated total of between 100 million to 200 million. It is possible that in China currently thousands of new converts each day believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, the God of Shem.


Our God is righteous and fair in all His dealings with mankind that consists of many nations with different languages.  This is only one of the ways that He reveals His truth to one ethnic race of people.  God wants to give every person on earth an equal opportunity to know Him.


“Then Peter opened his mouth and said: “In truth I perceive that God shows no partiality. But in every nation whoever fears Him and works righteousness is accepted by Him.”(Acts 10:34-35)


“For this is good and acceptable in the sight of God our Savior, who desires all men to be saved and to come to the knowledge of the truth.” (1 Tim. 2:3-4)


“For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus.  For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.  There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus.  And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.” (Gal. 3:26-29)


Our Lord Jesus Christ is the God of Shem. “Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem”


Link:   “The oldest passages of the Bible in Chinese Signs”


May Aloahiym Barak you

 This is a Sermon based on this Article was preached by Paul Wong to a Congregation in Houston, Texas on January 25, 2003 This Article was published on this Website on September 9, 2009

For comments please write first to: arkpw@sbcglobal.net


1 Comment

  1. Hi, you can learn more about the Chinese by reading a ‘e-b00k’ on the web, its name is ‘The Household of God’ by J. Lorber.

    PS. It explains how they arrived in China and who they are descended from.


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