Should This Be Included in the Book Of Acts? James The Just

Should This Be Included in the Book Of Acts?

James The Just 

By  Joy Collecutt based on record of  ” the Recognition of Clement”
James was never named James, this name was given to him by the King James Bible.
James name is Yaaqov or Jacob, like the Patriarch. and they called Him Ya’aqob the Just or Rightoues (Tzadik) because there were many Ya’aqob’s in Jerusalem.
He was the brother or step brother of Yahusha and was one of the disciples, named James the son of Alphaeus. Luke 6:15.
Ya’aqob was the leader of the Jerusalem Assembly, after Yahusha’s Ascension back to His father. Yahusha told his disciples before His death, that Ya’aqob was to be their leader.
“The disciples asked Yahusha, Who will lead us, since we know that you will leave us? Yahusha replied, From wherever you happen to be, go to Ya’aqob the Just. It is for his sake that heaven and earth came into being.” The book of Thomas.
Ya’aqob and Paul had a serious altercation on the Temple steps before Paul’s conversion.
Ya’aqob had his legs broken by Paul, which resulted in a mass migration of believers out of Jerusalem.
Taken from the Recognition of Clement. “When he (Paul) had said this, he first, seizing a strong brand from the altar, set the example of smiting. Then others also, seeing him, were carried away with like readiness. Then ensued a tumult on either side, of the beating and the beaten. Much blood is shed; there is a confused flight, in the midst of which that enemy (Paul) attacked Ya’aqob, and threw him headlong from the top of the steps; and supposing him to be dead, he cared not to inflict further violence upon him.
But our friends lifted him up, for they were both more numerous and more powerful than the others; but, from their fear of Aloah, they rather suffered themselves to be killed by an inferior force, than they would kill others.
But when the evening came the priests shut up the Temple, and we returned to the house of Ya’aqob, and spent the night there in prayer. Then before daylight we went down to Jericho, to the number of 5000 men.
Then after three days one of the brethren came to us from Gamaliel, whom we mentioned before, bringing to us secret tidings that that enemy (Paul) had received a commission from Caiaphas, the chief priest, that he should arrest all who believed in Yahusha, and should go to Damascus with his letters, and that there also, employing the help of the unbelievers, he should make havoc among the faithful; and that he was hastening to Damascus chiefly on this account, because he believed that Peter had fled there.
And about thirty days thereafter he (Paul) stopped on his way while passing through Jericho going to Damascus.
At that time we were absent, having gone out to the sepulchers of two brethren which were whitened of themselves every year, by which miracle the fury of many against us was restrained, because they saw that our brethren were had in remembrance before Aloah.”
Ya’aqob had his legs broken by Paul, and then His followers took him down to where the two sepulchers, or two burial places are of their brethren. This place is at Qumran, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered.
Ya’aqob, Yahusha, and all their followers are connected to Qumran, to the Dead Sea Scrolls.
In 62AD Ya’aqob the Tzadik was executed by Caiaphas’ nephew at the Temple during Passover. He was thrown down from the parapet, as he answered their question, “Who is the Gateway of Salvation”
Ya’aqob replied,” Yahusha, He is the Gateway of Salvation”
Ya’aqobs’ death, according to a contemporary, resulted in the destruction of the Temple in 70AD.
(Eusebius gives three versions of the death of Ya’aqob: one from Clement of Alexandria, one from Hegesippus, and one from Josephus.)
Ya’aqob was known as the pillar of Israel; and that if the pillar were to break, the entire land would be destroyed.
Isaiah 3:10, is written correctly in the Septuagint text, and reads, ” Woe to their soul, for they have devised an evil counsel against themselves, saying against themselves, Let us bind the just, for he is burdensome to us: therefore shall they eat the fruits of their works.”
In our Masoretic Text this verse, reads, “Tell the righteous it will be well with them, for they will enjoy the fruit of their deeds.”—Isaiah chapter 3 is about the destruction of the Temple in 70AD and the Masoretic Text has hidden the murder of Ya’aqob the Tzadik. This is the work of Rabbinical Judaism.
After 70AD, the Pharisees, went on to be come Rabbinical Judaism, they kept a Lunar calendar and they altered our scriptures hiding YAHUAH’s Truth from us.
Ya’aqob was known to have knees like camels – from praying for the sinners of Israel.
Ya’aqob, Yahusha, Yohanan the Immerser, were all Zadokites, and the Zadokites wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls and they kept a Solar calendar.
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The Revealing of the Hidden Ones


      “The one that Our Creator will use is the one that is willing to be hidden.” From Ever Increasing Faith by Smith Wigglesworth    
Evangelist Smith Wigglesworth (June 8, 1851-March 12, 1947) speaks about those who are not seeking popularity, fame, fortune, a big name, or a big ministry, but to those willing to be hidden in the secret place of the Most High. These hidden ones are soon to be released by the Master Yahushua, sheltered under the authority and power of Yahuwah, for His end-time purposes. Then our esteem will be manifested and rewarded when Yahushua sits on His throne on Mount Zion.
      Psalm 83:1-3: “O Elohim, do not remain silent! Do not be speechless! And do not be still, O El! For look, Your enemies make an uproar, and those hating You have lifted up the head. They craftily plot against Your people, and conspire against your hidden/treasured ones.”
     The “hidden ones”: #6845 Strong’s Hebrew Concordance–“tsaphan,”–meaning “stored.” But it also means “to hide, to treasure up, conceal, hidden, keep secretly, saved, secret place, stored away, and treasured.”
      Romans 8:18-25: “For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy comparing with the esteem that is to be revealed in us. For the intense longing of the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of the sons of Elohim…the creation was subjected to futility, not from choice, but because of Him who subjected it in anticipation that the creation itself also shall be delivered from bondage to corruption into the esteemed freedom of the children of Elohim. For we know that all the creation groans together and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now. And not only so, but even we ourselves who have the first fruits of the Spirit, we ourselves groan within ourselves, eagerly waiting for the adoption, the redemption of the body…and if we expect what we do not see, we eagerly wait for it with endurance.”

A Sampling of Other Uses of “tsaphan”

     Psalm 27:5, NAS: “He will conceal me in His tabernacle”
     Psalm 27:5, KJV: “He will hide me…”
     Psalm 27:5-6, The Scriptures: “For in the day of evil, He hides me in His booth (succah). In the covering of His tent He hides me; on a rock He raises me up. And now my head is lifted up above my enemies all around me; and I offer in His tents with shouts of joy; I sing, yea, I sing praises to Yahuwah.”
     Psalm 31:20, NAS: “You keep them secretly in a shelter.”
     Psalm 31:19-20, The Scriptures: “How great is Your goodness, which you have laid up for those fearing you, which You have prepared for those taking refuge in You in the sight of the sons of men! In the secrecy of Your Presence You shall hide them from the plots of man; You shelter them in a booth (succah) from the strife of tongues.”
     Malachi 3:16-18, The Scriptures: “Then shall those who fear Yahuwah speak to one another and Yahuwah will listen and hear, and a Book of Remembrance be written before Him of those who fear Yahuwah and those who think upon His Name. `And they shall be mine,’ says Yahuwah of hosts, `on the day that I prepare a treasured possession. And I shall spare them as a man spares his own son who serves him. Then you shall again see the difference between the righteous and the wicked, between one who serves Elohim and the one who does not.’ ”
     James Strong’s Hebrew Concordance #5459: “segullah” meaning “possession (i.e. property), treasured possession. The meaning of “treasured possession” boils down in the Hebrew language to “owned hidden property.” He has a remnant who knows Him and whom He knows. These are His treasure–His hidden property that He hides away.
     We are servants who carry out His assignment daily, yet we wait for our time of release into final assignments before He gathers us together unto Messiah.
     We are “bought” with a price. Only bond slaves are “bought,” i.e. Greek: “Doulos.” We are not our own, but belong to Yahuwah and Yahushua who own us. Yahushua purchased the people of Yahuwah with His own blood. (I Corinthians 6:20; 7:23; I Peter 1:18-19)
      Malachi 3:17, KJV: “when I make up my jewels”
      Exodus 19:5-6a The Scriptures: “And now, if you diligently obey My voice and shall guard My covenant, then you shall be my treasured possession above all the people, for all the earth is mine, and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a set-apart nation…”
      Psalm 91:1, KJV: “He that dwells in the secret place of the Most High, shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty.” (Hebrew meaning: “a hidden place inaccessible to the enemy”) Hebrew Strong’s Concordance #3643: “beseter” meaning “shelter, a covering, hiding place, secrecy, concealed, covering, hidden from view,” i.e. Psalm 27:5.
     Psalm 139:15 describes a “womb” as a secret hiding place, a dark and hidden place where everything needed is supplied.
     Psalm 18:11, “darkness” is His hiding place.
     Psalm 32:7 NAS, “you are my hiding place” i.e. Psalm 119:114.
     Psalm 91:1 – “a secret place, sheltered place” … The secret of receiving the promises that follow in this Psalm are dependent on the word “dwells.” We are hidden in Him, under His talit, as we dwell under His shadow in His Presence. It is an extra dimensional state of being, a spiritually sitting in the third heaven. Therefore, as Psalm 91:7 explains we look out on the world as if we’re inside of something, hidden away, looking through a porthole to the outside.
     Revelation 12:6: “And the woman fled into the wilderness where she has a place prepared by Elohim to be nourished…” Revelation 12:17: “And the dragon was enraged with the woman, and he went to fight with the remnant of her seed, those guarding the commandments of Elohim and possessing the witness of Yahushua Messiah.” There is a physical place of hiding in Edom/Petra, Jordan.
     There are those who will be believers martyred by the tens of thousands, and there will be those who will be hidden in a physical place, but some will be hidden in the  Garden, for they are the Revelation 14:1-5 blameless ones who re-enter the immortal portal between the third heaven and this physical plain in East Jerusalem.
     In Psalm 83:3 and Psalm 2, we see that the evil ones are conspiring against
Yahuwah, and Yahushua, and against Their “treasured ones,” the ones hidden, stored away in His Presence. That has seriously begun. This remnant, representative of the Daniel 11:32 company, is covered over, not seen by the enemy – so it appears by the text. Their coming and going is dependent on their assignments from Yahuwah. With this remnant in East Jerusalem are Eliyahu/Elijah and Moshe/Moses, the two witnesses, plus others there from the eternal realm, like Enoch, Dani’el, and Yochanan (John the Apostle), and Iyob/Job. There are prophetic words in the Prophets, like in Jeremiah 25:15-16, 27-33, which are for our day that must be proclaimed into the earth before His Judgment is executed.
     In the “days of Noah,” Noah proclaimed the judgment to earth’s people before the “deep broke up.” The conspiring to get at the set-apart ones, the hidden ones, to eliminate them from earth is very real now, for they will openly prophecy in the face of the Beast/anti-messiah the Judgment of all the fallen ones and their human or hybrid agents. I know these things for sure. Abba began showing them to me from age 4 or 5 (summer of 1949). The Scriptures are all united in this, of course.
      The area of Edom, today called “Petra” will hide the set-apart ones who come across “the wings of the great eagle” in the topography of the Dead Sea. I lived in Aqaba on the Red Sea, 75 miles south of Petra for eight years. I saw the crossing place from Israel into Jordan on the Dead Sea, and I went to Petra so many times that the native Bedouin called me “Miss Aqaba.”
      Daniel 11:41, is a passage describing the reign of the Daniel 7 and Revelation 13 Beast, the Apollyon/Abaddon of Revelation 9:11. “…and (he) shall enter the Splendid Land (Israel) and many shall stumble, but these shall escape from his hand: Edom, Moab, and the chief of the sons of Amman.”  Those areas are the areas of modern Jordan, the last days set apart place being “Petra” in Edom.
     This is where the hidden ones hide in a physical reality (Revelation 12:6, 17). But, they’re not hidden for long. Most of His remnant will be hidden somewhere during the final ten days before Messiah comes.
     Revelation 2:8, 10: “And to the messenger of the assembly in Smyrna write… do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer. See, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison in order try you, and you shall have tribulation ten days. Be trustworthy unto death and I will give you a crown of life…”
     Psalm 91:1, 7 kicks into full power for the “hidden ones,” especially at the end when the purge of Satan is at its worst. Not only the two witnesses of Eliyahu and Moshe, but a few in the company will come face to face with the Beast, the Apollyon/Abaddon, the anti-messiah, and come away “unscathed!”
     Messiah speaks of the extra-dimensional remnant, Revelation 3:7-8, 10-11: “And to the messenger at Philadelphia write, `He who is set-apart, He who is true, He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens’ says this: `I know your works. See, I have set before you an open door, and no one is able to shut it…you have a little power, yet have guarded My Word, and have not denied My Name…Because you have guarded My Word of endurance, I also shall guard you from the hour of trial which shall come upon all the world, to try those who dwell on the earth. See, I am coming speedily! Hold fast to what you have that no one takes your crown…”
      In his prophecy, “In one hour everything is going to change,” David Wilkerson said: A divine remnant is going to awaken, and a song will be born in the fire.”
      Yes, as Scripture says, “sudden destruction” will come in one hour, and the world will be changed by the impact of it. Shortly before this happens, the set-apart remnant will be brought out of hiding, and their song of the coming Messiah will be born in the fire.”
      In the letter to the assembly of Smyrna, they are promised prison and suffering for ten days. In the letter to the assembly of Philadelphia, they are promised an open door that no one shuts. Yochanan sees both groups in Revelation 7.  Smyrna represents the martyrs. Philadelphia represents the Bridal remnant. Revelation 3:12 tells of this remnant’s sealing, as does Revelation 7:1:8 and Revelation 14:1-5. The eternal state of the sealed remnant: Revelation 22:3-5.
     Perhaps those who are martyred must prove their loyalty to Yahuwah, but then again, perhaps He trusts them to be martyrs since the word “martyr” means “witness.” They witness to their loyalty by their death. The bridal remnant who is translated, not killed, prove their loyalty by daily dying to self, living a martyred life, and witnessing of their loyalty to their Savior as a lifestyle.  For sure, death to self is mandatory for anyone who is truly born and following the Master!
     This could be dividing between loyal Christians and faithful Messianic believers …
     Speaking of the hidden ones in the recent article, “What About the Passing of Billy Graham? Was it a “Sign?,” I share my notes of the prophecy spoken by Pastor Mark Chironna, July 21, 2012. Its fulfillment is extremely close!
     The link:
     “This was the most significant `day’ in church history. There is a convergence of signs. There is a company of people that have been hidden in Messiah for a season, but they are coming out of hiding, and they are going to stand in the courts of Pharaoh, and they’re going to challenge the spirits of Egypt. They are going to challenge the powers of Egypt, and the earth is going to see a 21st century manifestation of the Spirit…He’s waited 5,000 years. They (the hidden ones) feel like they’re not going to be used and it’s too late for them and it’s all over…but that is the company that carries the power like John the Baptist in the wilderness eating locusts and wild honey. They are being weaned away from everything that is contradictory to the Word. That company is coming out of hiding. They’re going to move into a manifestation of power. Benny cut in: “And may I add, the sign will be Billy Graham’s death.”
     Obadiah 1:21: “And saviors shall come up on Mount Zion to judge the mountain of Esau, and the reign shall belong to Yahuwah.”
     This verse in Obadiah is the only place in Scripture where the word “anointed” is plural. “Esau is Edom.” Yahuwah said He loved Ya’cob but He hated Esau. Esau migrated into Rome in its early history, and thus the hate for his brother Ya’cob/Jacob went with him into Rome, then into the Vatican, creators of Islam, to this day. The set-apart ones of Revelation 12:7-17, the ones hidden there, may very well be joined by the Bridal remnant during the final ten days because of the reign of terror by Satan and all the fallen ones together. The joining of the whole remnant group in one place, inside Petra/Edom would truly be a Judge of Esau, on the Mount of Esau, Mount Seir, which Petra is–former habitation of the Horites under their leader, Mr. Seir.
     Isaiah 26:19-21, Isaiah speaking: “Let Your dead live; together with my dead body, let them arise. Awake and sing, you who dwell in dust; for Your dew is as a dew of light, and let the earth give birth to the departed spirits. `Go My people, enter into your rooms, and shut your doors behind you; hide yourself as it were for a little while, until the displeasure is past. For Look, Yahuwah is coming out of His place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their crookedness. And the earth shall disclose her blood and no longer cover her slain.”
     This is speaking of our day before the coming of Messiah, Yahushua Yahuwah. It speaks of our resurrection from the grave–from the destroyed earth in general. But, look at verse 20: “`Go My people, enter your rooms…’ ”The word translated “rooms,” is Hebrew for “chambers,” i.e. “holes in the rocks!” It is speaking to people who are near caves high up in the rocks. In reading Obadiah, we see this is referring to Edom/Esau/Mount Seir, Petra. “Petra” is Greek for “Rock.” Thus the Greek name for Shimon Kepha: “Peter,” meaning a rock. It is speaking to those in Revelation 12:17 , those who travel southeast from Israel across the the Lisan Peninsula in the Dead Sea—“the wings of the eagle,” and its beak, into Jordan. Jews in Israel know this well!
     These “saviors,” or “anointed ones, may be referring to the two in Zechariah 4 and Revelation 11, who stand beside the throne of Yahushua. In the heavenly temple they are the conduits for the oil to pour into the menorah–symbolic of Yahuwah’s Spirit pouring into the seven assemblies of Yahushua (Revelation 2-3), so that the set-apart ones who will overcome will be so anointed that any yokes on their necks will slip off (Isaiah 10:27) These two are mentioned in Revelation 11 as the two witnesses. But, most likely “the saviors” refers to all of the remnant who accompany the two main witnesses, from both Houses – House of Judah, House of Ephraim – the “Bridal” remnant of Daniel 11:32 and Revelation 14:1-5 remnant.
     The yokes of the flesh/the carnal nature, torments of the mind, physical problems, and any hindrances whatsoever will be removed as they are translated so as to not see death – Ezekiel 9:4, Revelation 9:4, Revelation 7:1-8, Revelation 14:1-5 and 15:1-3. These are the “bridal remnant” of Revelation 3:12 and 22:3-5 who remain in the Presence of Yahushua. These are the blameless ones who are freed from any hooks the enemy had in their body, or soul (mind, emotions, memory, reasoning, feeling, past fragmenting, mind-control, etc.) They are freed to join Eliyahu and Moshe as a “company,” as in Revelation 7:1-8 or as in Revelation 7:9-17.
     Steven ben Nun, in speaking of the “hidden ones” of Psalm 83:3 said: “The two witnesses are here already, waiting for their ministry to begin.” I know that to be true.  However, their short Revelation 11 ministry will not begin until the anti-messiah sits. On the other hand, the spirit of Eliyahu has been uniting fathers and children as per Malachi 4:5-6 for several years, beginning at the approximate time that the Covenant of Elohim’s Torah was restored to the not-lost-anymore House of Israel/Ephraim/Joseph, beginning in its fullness, in the mid-1990s. As Eliyahu and Moshe go forth to speak to the nations, this restoration will take place, and the united remnant of the children of Abraham, Yitzak, and Y’acob will work together as described in Isaiah 11:12-14. By the wording of Revelation 11 and the event in Matthew 17:1-8, we know that the two witnesses are Eliyahu and Moshe, both Levites, both intercessors for the children of Ya’cob.
      The hiding place of the “bridal remnant” will be the Garden of Eden–an extra dimensional area in East Jerusalem that connects earth with the throne room, now guarded by a flaming sword. In the days of hiding, the flaming sword will not keep the remnant out, but will protect them within the Garden. It will be a sheltering place where the third heaven and our dimension meet.  This remnant, with Eliyahu and Moshe, will come and go from there. They will be on assignment for Yahuwah, but as immortals, translated beings, they cannot die, just as Adam and Eve could not die as long as they were in the Garden.
     There will be others from the past also who did not die, or who are allowed to return at this time. We know about Enoch, but also there was no record of the death of Dani’el or of Yochanan either. There will be other returnees of that spiritual caliber. Only the two leaders will be killed by the Beast (Revelation 9:11; Revelation Chapter 11;  and Revelation 13.  Their bodies will remain lying in the street in front of the Eastern Gate for 3 days – just short of the timing when the body begins to decay.  Then upon the signal from Yahushua the High Priest, they arise to the terror of the Beast and all the fallen ones. When the Beast has the two main witnesses killed, Satan, empowering Apollyon/Abaddon, knows he has 3 days to do his worse, and he attempts to destroy all the earth and all mankind. They all know their judgment has arrived. That is why Yahuwah’s people must be sheltered, either in Petra or in the Garden.
     Moses was hidden on the backside of the desert at the base of Sinai for 40 years until the day Yahushua spoke to him from a burning bush and told him it was time to go to Egypt and set His people free.
      To review some of the recent article “The Shmittah Year Prophecy Revisited 2018,” the hiding of Moses was part of a message Pastor Lankford gave with Steve Quayle about a remnant being ‘sequestered,’ set-apart in isolation, until the time when the verdict is given to the wicked and the Judge comes to execute the punishment. It is the same message!  The hidden ones, the `sequestered ones,’ will soon be released, for the Judge is coming to take charge.  The word ‘sequestered’ carries a similar meaning to the word `hidden,’ as in being isolated for a period of time until the time when the Judgment is given and the hidden ones are free to go forth. It’s a time of being set-apart, isolated, set-aside, like a jury, until the verdict is reached and the Judge is ready to administer the Justice. This is a time of finalizing His plans to use His remnant!
     Bottom Line: His true people produce fruit “30, 60, or 100-fold.” (Mark 4:1-25) Either you’re one of the guests at the wedding (Matthew 22:1-14, Revelation 21:23-24a), one of the attendants (Mark 2:19; John 3:29), or part of a Bridal remnant who has made herself ready by allowing the Spirit full reign. (Revelation 3:12; chapter 7; 14:1-5; 22:3-5). The whole Word speaks of a wedding. [Refer to: “The Ancient Hebrew Wedding Ceremony,” Mikvah of the Heart of Elohim, and “John 2:1-11 – The Wedding at Kfar Cana”/use the search menu on the Main Page of]
      As we see in the three parables of Matthew 25, we choose what our eternal position will be by how we put our faith into action following a true new birth. Salvation is about a transfer from the kingdom of darkness into the Kingdom of Light, about repentance, and submission to a new Master, about reflecting the nature, ways, and thinking of the King of the Kingdom. Laziness leads the servant to a firm beating in judgment, or  Messiah saying “I truly say to you, I do not know you.” Every day we make choices that determine our eternal future.  Shut off the technological mind-programming devices of the enemy, and allow the Spirit of Yahuwah to program your mind by His Word, taught by Him.
     I realize that some of you may not understand all of what I wrote here. I’ve explained most all of it in previous articles for years. By my birthday this July, I will have had 70 years of education by the Spirit, beginning in 1949, that has to do with what I wrote in this article. Of course, it has taken me most of those 69 years to fully understand what He has been saying (smile). But, I just know it is all true.
     Habakkuk 1:5: “Look among the nations and see, and be amazed, be amazed! For a work is being wrought in your days which you would not believe if it were told.” This prophecy introduces the judgment of Yahuwah. Yet, at the same time, for His set-apart ones, we, in our day, shall also see the “salvation” of our Elohim. Therefore, we should look for what He is doing with His children more than what is happening in the judgment of the wicked!
     In conclusion, I request that you read and pray Isaiah 12 for yourself.  “That day” is the return of Messiah! Will the words be your confession on “that day?”

Shalom, in His love,
Yedidah – March 10, 2018

One of Last Two Encrypted Ancient Writings Deciphered in Israel, Revealing Secret Calendar

Dead Sea Scrolls: One of Last Two Encrypted Ancient Writings Deciphered in Israel, Revealing Secret Calendar

After decades of work, one of the final two encrypted Dead Sea Scrolls that had resisted efforts to decipher its meaning has at last been decoded, revealing an ancient Jewish calendar.
The Dead Sea Scrolls have represented one of archaeology’s most compelling enigmas since their discovery in the 1940s and ’50s in the Dead Sea Caves. Also known as the Qumran Scrolls, they were written by the hermetic religious Qumran Sect in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. This particular scroll was written in coded Hebrew, a rarity among the existing body of deciphered texts, according to Haaretz.
The Qumran Sect’s name for itself was the Yahad, which translates to “Together Community,” according to the Jerusalem Post. Archaeologists had spent decades assembling and deciphering their fragments, until at last only two had remained undecoded. Researchers from Haifa University in Israel spent a year painstakingly reconstructing the scroll from 60 fragments, according to Jerusalem Online. Some of those fragments were just a few millimeters across. The research was published in the journal Biblical Literature.
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“Tens of thousands of fragments belonging to over 900 scrolls were found in the caves of Qumran,” Eshbal Ratson, a biblical expert at Haifa University, told Haaretz. “This is the most important archaeological find ever made in Israel. This is literature from the Second Temple period, and that’s rare.”
Ratson told Haaretz that most Jews from that time period used a calendar similar to the one we use today. The Qumran sect used a 364-day calendar—so, almost based on a solar year but not quite—with 30- or 31-day months in each season. Since 364 divides into 7, Ratson continued, each date falls on a specific day of the week and all holidays have fixed dates.
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“We now know that in the Temple there were disputes over what happens it the Passover falls on Shabbat,” Ratson told Haaretz “What supersedes what, Shabbat or the holiday? This sect solved the problem, since no holiday fell on Shabbat. This scrolls details all dates on which Shabbat falls and all the days of the week on which the holiday falls.”
Fragments of the 2000-year-old Dead Sea scrolls at a laboratory in Jerusalem.MENAHEM KAHANA/AFP/Getty Images
The 364-day calendar also contained the sect’s previously unknown word for days that marked the changing of the seasons: tekufah. The word, whose meaning had previously been lost, appears in the Mishna (the written record of oral Jewish laws), according to Haaretz.
“This shows us that the researchers who believed the day of celebrating the transition between the seasons was called by this name were correct, and that this word, used in the Mishna, was preserved from the days of the Second Temple—it’s a very early concept in the halakha [religious Jewish law],” Raston told Haaretz.
Reported By Kastalia Medrano
JBL 136, no. 4 (2017): 905–936
eshbal ratzon
University of Haifa, Haifa 3498838, Israel
jonathan ben-dov
University of Haifa, Haifa 3498838, Israel
In this article we ofer a reconstruction and edition of one of the last unpublished
Dead Sea Scrolls. It is an extremely fragmentary calendrical scroll written in the
Cryptic A code. While images of 4Q324d were included in the DJD series, no
formal edition of it exists. Te suggested jigsaw-puzzlelike reconstruction integrates
forty-two extremely small fragments into a stretch of fve consecutive columns
of what we consider to be one continuous scroll (pace earlier preliminary
editions). In terms of its content, the calendar contained in this scroll resembles
the one found at the top of 4Q394 3–7 (a copy of 4QMMT) and in 4Q394 1–2.
An intriguing interlinear gloss in both shape and content ofers a ruling on the
Festival of Wood Ofering that follows the halakic rulings of the Temple Scroll.
A distinctive corpus of scrolls written in cryptic script stands out among the
scrolls found in Qumran.1 While the fnal publication of all Qumran scrolls is ofen
celebrated, several scrolls in cryptic script are the only scrolls lef that have not been
Tis study was written with the support of the Israel Science Foundation, grant number
1330/14. We would like to express our gratitude to Asaf Gayer, who has been deeply involved in
the material reconstruction of this scroll and ofered invaluable help. Composite images in this
article are based on the PAM images, supplied to us courtesy of the Leon Levy Dead Sea Scrolls
Digital Library, Israel Antiquities Authority. In addition, we gained much beneft from the new
multispectral images supplied to us by the same library (photographer: Shai Halevy). 1For a description of this corpus, see Stephen J. Pfann, “Te Character of the Early Essene
Movement in the Light of the Manuscripts Written in Esoteric Scripts from Qumran” (PhD diss.,
Te Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 2001); Pfann, “Writings in Esoteric Script from Qumran,” in
Te Dead Sea Scrolls Fify Years afer Teir Discovery: Proceedings of the Jerusalem Congress, July
20–25, 1997, ed. Lawrence H. Schifman, Emanuel Tov, and James C. VanderKam (Jerusalem:
Israel Exploration Society, 2000), 177–90. furnished with a full scientifc edition.
In effect, they are the last unpublished Dead
Sea Scrolls. We are privileged to have completed an edition of one of these last
scrolls and present it here. We assign the scroll presented here the number 4Q324d.2
Te reconstruction suggested here for one of these extremely fragmentary
scrolls presented outstanding difculties and required extraordinary eforts, much
like assembling a jigsaw puzzle with individual pieces measuring 1.5 cm × 1.5 cm
on average. Important preliminary work on this scroll was carried out by Józef T.
Milik and Stephen J. Pfann, to whom we are greatly indebted. Te fnal result, as
presented here, is a calendar text covering a 364-day year, with pronounced concluding
formulas at the conclusion of each of the seasons. A calendar list of the
same kind was famously preserved at the top of 4Q394 3–7, a copy of the important
halakic scroll Miqṣat Mataśe haTorah. Tere only its last line can be read, but more
information can be gleaned from the better-preserved scroll 4Q394 1–2.3 Notwithstanding
the partial information of the above scrolls, we are now able to trace the
structure of the whole year according to that—or a very similar—order.
A complete publication of this modest-looking scroll is signifcant for Qumran
studies, even for the entire feld of biblical studies, in several respects. It alerts
scholars to the opportunities that are still present in the Dead Sea Scrolls corpus if
older editions are reexamined with the proper attention and with new technologies
available today.4 Te scribal practice of this little scroll adds particularly telling
2Te number 324d was used by Pfann for only a small part of the sixty or so fragments
discussed here, as he divided them into six diferent copies 4Q324d–i. Since we now see all
fragments as constituting a single copy, we name it 4Q324d, the frst available siglum in the
sequence. Although we are alert to the confusion that choosing this siglum may cause, we prefer
to use it in order to preserve the direct fow of 4Q324 numbers, rather than invent a whole new
siglum. Since no publication was written about this scroll beyond the mere editions, the risk of
confusion seems limited. 3 See the initial publication of 4Q394 1–2 and 3–7 in Elisha Qimron and John Strugnell,
Qumran Cave 4.V: Miqṣat Mataśe ha-Torah, DJD X (Oxford: Clarendon, 1994), 6–9, 44–45. While
DJD X assigns frags. 1–2 and 3–7 to one and the same manuscript, Strugnell (ibid., 203) doubted
this association, and VanderKam concluded against it; see James C. VanderKam, “Te Calendar,
4Q327 and 4Q394,” in Legal Texts and Legal Issues: Proceedings of the Second Meeting of the
International Organization for Qumran Studies, Cambridge, 1995, ed. Moshe Bernstein, Florentino
García Martínez, and John Kampen, STDJ 23 (Leiden: Brill, 1997), 179–94. In his title, VanderKam
called frags. 1–2 by the old designation “4Q327.” His arguments were accepted by Shemaryahu
Talmon; see S. Talmon, J. Ben-Dov, and U. Glessmer, Qumran Cave 4.XVI: Calendrical Texts, DJD
XXI (Oxford: Clarendon, 2001), 158. Elisha Qimron leaves the question open in his new edition:
Te Dead Sea Scrolls: Te Hebrew Writings [in Hebrew] (Jerusalem: Yad Ben-Zvi, 2013), 2:204.
For the relation between MMT and the calendar of 4Q394, see Hanne von Weissenberg, 4QMMT:
Reevaluating the Text, the Function, and the Meaning of the Epilogue, STDJ 82 (Leiden: Brill, 2009),
33–38.4 See, e.g., Jonathan Ben-Dov, Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra, and Asaf Gayer, “Reconstruction of a
Single Copy of the Qumran Cave 4 Cryptic-Script Serekh haEdah,” RevQ 29 (2017): 21–77;
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Ratzon and Ben-Dov: A Calendrical Scroll from Qumran 907
examples to the record of scribal practices assembled by Emanuel Tov.5 In addition,
our reconstruction adds several signifcant details about the 364-day calendar, specifcally
about the nature of the Feast of Wood Ofering and about the tәqûpôt, that
is, the days standing at the turn of the seasons. Finally, the reconstruction of 4Q324d
as a single scroll rather than as a collection of six separate scrolls, as suggested in
earlier research, is signifcant for assessing the nature and scope of encryption in
sectarian circles. Te religious phenomenon of secrecy and encryption in the
ancient Near East, Judaism, Christianity, and other late-antique religions, keeps
attracting scholarly attention and will beneft from the fnds of the present project.6
Tese three aspects are discussed below, followed by a detailed edition of 4Q324d.
Te extent of material work performed here requires an extensive technical apparatus,
without which the more general results cannot stand.
I. The 364-Day Calendar Tradition
Te calendar constituted a central part of the sectarian identity. Members of
the Yaḥad adhered to a year of 364 days, which was diferent from the luni-solar
year of the Jerusalem temple and the Hasmonean state.7 Te sectarian calendrical
tradition is well represented in a variety of documents from Qumran and outside
it.8 It is a highly schematic year with ideal relations between its numerical
Chanan Ariel, Alexei Yuditsky, and Elisha Qimron, “Te Pesher on the Periods A–B (4Q180–
4Q181): Editing, Language, and Interpretation” [in Hebrew], Meghillot 11–12 (2015): 3–39. 5Emanuel Tov, Scribal Practices and Approaches Refected in the Texts Found in the Judean
Desert, STDJ 54 (Leiden: Brill, 2004).
6 See, e.g., Alan Lenzi, Secrecy and the Gods: Secret Knowledge in Ancient Mesopotamia and
Biblical Israel, SAAS 19 (Helsinki: Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, 2008); Adela Yarbro Collins,
“Messianic Secret and the Gospel of Mark: Secrecy in Jewish Apocalypticism, the Hellenistic
Mystery Religions, and Magic,” in Rending the Veil: Concealment and Secrecy in the History of
Religions, ed. Elliot R. Wolfson (New York: Seven Bridges, 1999), 11–30. 7For the role of the calendar in sectarian polemics, see the ever-relevant Shemaryahu
Talmon, “Yom Hakippurim in the Habakkuk Scroll,” Bib 32 (1951): 549–63. Although much of
the criticism leveled against Talmon by Sacha Stern (“Qumran Calendars and Sectarianism,” in
Te Oxford Handbook of the Dead Sea Scrolls, ed. Timothy H. Lim and John J. Collins [Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 2010], 232–53) is valid, the core sectarian value of the calendar cannot
be denied. 8Uwe Glessmer, “Calendars in the Qumran Scrolls,” in Te Dead Sea Scrolls afer Fify Years:
A Comprehensive Assessment, ed. Peter W. Flint and James C. VanderKam, 2 vols. (Leiden: Brill,
1999), 2:213–78; James C. VanderKam, Calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Measuring Time,
Literature of the Dead Sea Scrolls (London: Routledge, 1998); Jonathan Ben-Dov, “Te 364-Day
Year in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Jewish Pseudepigrapha,” in Calendars and Years II: Astronomy
and Time in the Ancient and Medieval World, ed. John M. Steele (Oxford: Oxbow, 2011), 69–105.
Te Qumran calendrical texts 4Q319–324c and 4Q325–330 were published by Talmon, Ben-Dov,
and Glessmer in DJD XXI.
constituents. Te number of 364 days is neatly divided by seven, a typological
number with signifcant religious connotation. Each 364-day year contains exactly
ffy-two weeks, a fact that allows anchoring the festivals to fxed weekdays, thus
avoiding their coincidence with the Sabbath. In addition, the number 364 divides
neatly by four as well, yielding a good symmetry of the four seasons, each season
containing exactly 91 days. Finally, the synchronization of the 364-day year with a
schematic lunar calendar of alternating twenty-nine- and thirty-day months is easily
achieved, using an intercalation of one thirty-day month every three years (a
triennial cycle of three years of 364 days = three lunar years of 354 days + an intercalary
month of thirty days).
A distinct part of the 364-day calendar tradition appears in a collection of
calendar texts from Qumran that present the characteristics mentioned above in
the form of detailed rosters in addition to the following: the triennial cycle involving
lunar months; a six-year cycle that incorporates the times of service of priestly
families (mišmārôt) in the temple; and a detailed record of lunar phases along the
six-year cycle. Each type of calendrical scroll represents only some of these traits,
and thus a variety of calendrical “genre” is created.9 Te scroll 4Q324d represents
the Sabbaths and festivals as well as a simple record of the names of priestly courses
but does not go into the details of either the mishmarot service or of the lunar
phenomena. It is unique in phrasing a distinct type of formula indicating the dates
of transition between the seasons.10
Te vocabulary and style of the calendrical texts are typically very limited and
monotonous, a fact that eases the task of reconstructing fragmentary scrolls. We
benefted greatly from this characteristic when assembling the jigsaw puzzle of
Te account of annual festivals recorded in 4Q324d generally agrees with the
record of festivals in other scrolls. An exception pertains to the Festival of Wood
Ofering, as explained below. In this case, a long marginal note specifes some
details about the performance of this particular feast, in accordance with the halakah
of the Temple Scroll and in contrast to other practices refected in Second
Temple literature.11 Te inclusion of this note seems to indicate an awareness of
halakic disagreements and the need of additional clarification.
DSS A Newly Reconstructed Calendrical Scroll
Tese lines describe the end of month 6 and the beginning of month 7,
together with an expanded tequfah formula. Such an expanded formula is the
norm in 4Q324d, as will be shown below. In this particular case, however, it is abbreviated.
Te text then continues to describe the initial days of month 7, albeit
with substantial omissions, some of which were subsequently corrected. Te scribe
had omitted the Day of Atonement, which was later added between the lines (9a).
Te omitted Festival of Wood Ofering was completed in a long marginal gloss, for
which see below. Omitted also is the holiday of the frst day of the seventh month
(called הזיכרון יום in 4Q320 III, 6; 4Q321 V, 2; etc.), which is represented here only
as the day of tequfah and as heading the month, not as a holiday. In addition, the
thirty-frst day of the sixth month is omitted. Tese omissions were not corrected.
Finally, the omitted letter bet in the word עה(ב)באר ,and the letter he in the word
(ה)בעשר constitute minor copying mistakes. While the multiple omissions admittedly
raise doubt about the reconstruction of the column, two factors make it compelling:
the completion of two broken letters across frags. 14 and 10 and the fact
that the omission (and subsequent completion) of the Day of Atonement is not a
matter of reconstruction but rather is attested quite clearly on frags. 13–14.
Te Marginal Gloss
Column III ends with the words חג בו עשר בחמשה” ,on the ffeenth in it (the
seventh month) – the feast of.” We expect that the next column will begin with the
word הסוכות) Tabernacles). Luckily enough, frag. 18 with the remains of the top
right margin of an unknown column preserved the letters [סו.
31 Te text thus runs
directly from column III to column IV. Fragments 19 and 20, which, like frag. 18
accumulated white residue and preserve a part of the top margin, are placed at the
top of column IV and make good sense as the continuation of the text.
Similar to the interlinear mention of the Day of Atonement in line 9a, the gloss
completes information that had been lef out of the main calendar by mistake—the
Festival of Wood Ofering. As mentioned above, Pfann and Abegg did not connect
the vertical, intercolumnar gloss between columns III and IV to the upside-down
note on the bottom margin. Both of them read the bottom note as a record of the
Feast of Weeks.32 Tey difer regarding the intercolumnal note. Abegg’s reading
ימימ̇ ה ת̊ נו̇ ב[חש” ,cal]culations of days,” is difcult for several reasons. Abegg assumes
a defcient spelling of the word חשבנות without vav following the bet. Te absence
of the vav is very clear in frag. 12. Te spelling חשבן is very frequent in Aramaic,
in which the bet is pronounced with the long vowel ā (ḥušbān). 4Q324d is a Hebrew
31Tis feast is always called הסוכות חג with the defnite article he (e.g., 4Q320 4 III, 9; V, 7;
VI, 2). Its designation here סוכות חג is admittedly awkward but hard to deny. Te letters סו are
not part of the calendrical vocabulary in any other way. Close examination of the new multispectral
images of frag. 18 at the top of the column reveals the faint remains of shin, written perpendicularly
to the main text. Tis trace is best seen on plate 240 frag. 12, IAA image number B-360071. It may
indicate another, albeit shorter, marginal gloss. 32Pfann’s reading of the gloss in the bottom margin was ]ים]וע[השב חג בו עשר בחמשה
חד[א ביום ם]י[ר>ו<כ]והב) see n. 19 above). Abegg did not read a substantial statement here.
scroll, however, and the spelling חשבונות should be expected (cf. 1Q27 1 II, 2). In
addition, the second letter of the second word cannot be a yod. Te right curve of
an ayin is clearly seen on frag. 22. Finally, a comparison with mem at the end of the
word makes it highly unlikely that the middle letter is mem.
Pfann’s suggestion that the vertical gloss recounts the Wood Ofering solves
all of the above reservations.33 In this case the vertical note should read ת֯ בנו[קר
העצימ .Te gloss begins exactly next to III, 7, where, according to our reconstruction,
the Wood Ofering is mentioned. Admittedly the shape of the ṣade is somewhat
unusual (compared with the same letter in III, 6 on frag. 7), but a similar ṣade
is found in the cryptic document 4Q298 (1 I, 9 and 3, 2). Tis fact supports the
possibility that the gloss was written by a second hand.
Since the upside-down gloss in the bottom margin continues the vertical
gloss, we expect it to take up the theme of the Wood Ofering rather than the Festival
of Weeks.Te preservation of the bottom gloss is extremely bad; therefore, we
ofer the following reading cautiously:
שש֯ ת֯ ] י[מ֯ י֯מ֯ ] [ש֯ נ֯ ]י[מ֗ ביומ ]
The composite gloss thus yields a curious statement on the Festival of Wood
קר[בנו֯ ת העצימ שש֯ ת֯ ] י[מ֯ י֯מ֯ ] [ש֯ נ֯ ]י[מ֗ ביומ ]
Te Of]erings of Wood [pl.] (last) six [d]ays, t[w]o in (each) day [
Tis note is quite interesting for halakic reasons, as it clearly echoes the sectarian
view of the Festival of Wood Ofering and disagrees with the rabbinic opinion.34
XI, 12 mentions העצים קרבן] ימי ובששת ,based on a certain reconstruction
since it is the feast immediately following the Feast of Oil (cf. 4Q394 1–2 col. V and
DJD XXI:165). In these six days, the twelve tribes of Israel ofer trees, two on each
day, as mentioned in 11QTa
XXIII–XXIV. A similar account is preserved in the
rewritten Pentateuch scroll 4Q365 frag. 23, which is ofen considered the source of
the Temple Scroll.35 In contrast, m. Tatan. 4:5 assigns the wood oferings to nine
days spread throughout the year (cf. Josephus, J.W. 2.17.6 §§429–430). Te author
of the gloss in 4Q324d thus found it appropriate to complement the mention of the
Wood Ofering in III, 7 with a gloss expanding the conduct of that festival.
Figure 3. Reconstruction of Column IV (frags. 21–28). PAM 40.985, 41.692,
41.867, 42.430
1 סו]כות יומ רביעי [ב֯ שמ]ונה [עש]ר בו שבת[
. . . . . . . . . . .
7[ בו שבת בעשרימ ואח[ד֗ ב֯ ו֗] שבת בעשרימ[
8 ושמו]נה בו שבת [י֗ו֗ ]מ ש[ני בו שלו֗ שי]מ[
9 יומ הש֗ ]לי[ש̊ ]י נו[אספ ב֯ ]אחד [ב֯ עשר֯ י תקופה
10  יומ ר֗ ביעי בארבעה֯ ב֯ ו֯ ש֯ ]ב[ת֯ באחד֯
1. Tab[ernacles on (week)day four]. On the ei[ghte]ent[h in it – Sabbath.]
. . . . . . . .
7. [in it – Sabbath. On the twenty-frs]t in it – [Sabbath. On the twenty-]
8. eigh[th in it – Sabbath]. (Week)da[y t]wo – in it (falls the) thirti[eth (day of
the month)]
9. (Week)day th[ree is additio]nal. On [the frst day of] the tenth (month) –
10. (on) (week)day four. On the fourth in it (= the tenth month) – S[ab]bath.
On the eleve[
Joins and Layout
Fragments 19 and 20 share the same physical characteristics as frag. 18: all
three fragments preserve the remains of a top margin and show white residue on
the leather.36 Tey should thus all be taken as one sequence.
Te frst words of the bottom lines of column IV are preserved on fragment
22, where days of the week are listed in lines 9–10. Since afer the Feast of Tabernacles
there are no more holidays in the seventh month, these two weekdays must
belong to the formula which concludes the tequfah, as attested earlier in column III
and as partly reconstructed in 4Q394 1–2 II, 3–14 and 4Q394 3–7 I, 1–3.37 Tese
lines thus correspond to the end of the ninth month and the beginning of the tenth.
We join frags. 22 and 23 based on the continuity of the lines. Tese two fragments
were associated by Milik already on PAM 41.692. Te composite piece
reveals that line 9 mentions the third day of the week (השלישי ,(while line 10 mentions
the fourth day (רביעי.(38Te fourth day of the week is the beginning of month
10, and the next Sabbath of this month thus falls on the fourth day of the month.
Tis contiguity confrms the join of frag. 24, which mentions the fourth day of a
certain month in the line right above a bottom margin. In addition, its contours
perfectly ft those of frag. 23. Te join of frags. 24 and 23 requires a refnement
of the readings suggested by Abegg.39 We reconstruct in the penultimate line:
אספ֗ ו[נ י֯ ]ש[לי̇ ]הש יומ” ,Te third da[y (of the week) is additio]nal.” Despite the
unique spelling of נואספ ,this exact term describes the epagomenal thirty-frst day
at the end of the season in the cognate calendar scroll 4Q394 3–7 I, 2. A Sabbath
on the fourth day of the following month, reported in the bottom line 10, lends yet
more credibility to the join of frags. 22–23–24 and to the suggested reconstruction.
Considerations of content allow the placement of frags. 21, 25–28 at the ends
of the lines begun in frags. 22–24, together forming column IV. Fragments 25 and
26 contain a bottom margin and adjoin each other perfectly according to the  ◦]
3 ב[ארבע]ה
Tis reconstruction is difcult for several reasons. First, there is no important date on the 4th,
14th, or 24th of the month in which the Feast of Tabernacle (= אסיף” ,ingathering,” Exod 34:22)
occurs. Second, the biblical term האסיף חג is never used in the Dead Sea Scrolls. Tird, that feast
appears already in frag. 18, where it is named סוכות(ה )חג as expected. Last, the traces of the frst
letter in line 2 protrude below the line and can thus only be dalet or vav.
breakage of lines; they thus form a natural sequel to the previous cluster. Despite
the fact that frag. 21 does not touch any of the other fragments, it shares with frag.
27 both the letter lamed of the word שלושימ on line 8 and the word העשרי on line
9. Note that the word עשרימ in line 7 exceeds the end of the column and reaches
column V. Te remains of its mem are visible on frag. 30. Although Pfann assigned
some of these fragments to separate scrolls, we consider it improbable to see such
a perfect match of text and contour across so many fragments and thus consider
them as stemming from one scroll.
Joins and Layout
Afer composing the bottom strip of columns II–IV, we are lef with only nine
fragments attesting to a bottom margin and not containing names of mishmarot.
We were able to arrange six of them in column V, despite Pfann’s earlier assigning
of them to various separate scrolls. Fragments 30 and 31 contain the right margin
and can be joined to frag. 28, standing at the lef end of column IV. In addition, the
last letter of line 7 in column IV is visible on frag. 30. Fragment 32 was joined
already by Pfann in the plates of DJD XXVIII to frag. 31. Te four other fragments
are joined here based on their content. In addition, the contours of frag. 30 touch
frags. 31 and 32, and it shares two letters with frag. 31. Fragment 29 also touches
frag. 30 and shares the shin and the nun with it.
Tese lines cover half of month 11 and the entire month 12. If our reconstruction
is correct, another line describing the thirty-frst day of month 12, the very last
day of the year, would have been written at the beginning of the next column (VI).
It would not have employed more than the frst line, and hence one may expect that
another list or composition was copied in the rest of that column.
4Q324d Columns VI–VII
Joins and Layout
In addition to the fragments discussed thus far, seven fragments in Cryptic A
script of a similar hand were preserved. Six of the fragments are physically joined
here, preserving a bottom margin, while the seventh preserves a top margin. Tese
fragments record names of priestly families (mishmarot) and are thus diferent
from the content of columns I–V. Since the mishmarot list is rather short, it is the
perfect candidate to ft into the next column (VI) of the scroll. Te single fragment
preserving a top margin would have belonged in yet another column VII. Although
no physical join can be proven for the placement of frags. 37–41 in column VI, their
overall material pattern resembles that of the previous columns.
An additional consideration supports the placement of the list in column VI.
Most calendrical documents from Cave 4 constitute anthologies of various calendar
lists. Some of these lists contain mishmarot in various constellations and some
do not. Tus, lists of mishmarot follow the calendar in 4Q319.41 In addition, a list
of the twenty-four mishmarot without any calendrical notation next to them
appears preceding the calendar in 4Q329 and in the reconstructed “master list”
that probably underlay that scroll.42
Figure 5. Reconstruction of Column VI (frags. 37–41). PAM 41.457, 41.692,
41.867, 43.340
6] גמול דליה מעזיה]
7] יהויריב ידעיה חרימ שערימ]
8] מלכיה מימנ ]הק֯ [וצ אביה]
9] ישוע שכ]נ֗ י֗ה אלי֯ ש֗ י֯ב֯ [ יקימ]
10] חופה י]ש֯ ובאב בלגה אמ֗ [ר
6. [Gamul Delaiah Matoziah]
7. [Yoiarib Yedatiah Ḥarim Setorim]
8. [Malkiah Miyyamin] Haqq[oṣ Abiah]
9. [Yešuta Šek]aniah Eliašib[ Yaqim]
10. [Ḥuppah Ye]šubab Bilgah %Imme[r
Milik had seemingly believed that the mishmarot fragments belong to a diferent
scroll than the calendar, hence there are no images of these fragments on PAM
42.429 and 42.430 (taken in 1957). He later changed his mind, as the mishmarot
fragments are placed next to the calendar on PAM 43.340 (taken in 1960). Pfann
regards frags. 37, 38, and 40 as part of 4Q324i; frag. 41 as 4Q324h 9; and frag. 42
as 4Q324d 1. Fragment 39 is not included in Pfann’s edition.
Te reconstructed sequence of fragments is based on the match of contours
as well as on letters split between the pieces. Fragments 37 and 38 were squeezed
together in PAM 41.692, 42.429; thus the right side of frag. 37 rose above the lef
side of frag. 38. Tough they seem to have been torn when separated, it is still possible
to join them quite neatly. Fragment 39 exists only on PAM 41.692 and can no
longer be traced in the IAA collection. It contains the frst two letters of the name
בלגה and joins well with frag. 38. Te rest of the name בלגה is found on frag. 40.
Fragment 41 contains the frst two letters of ר֗ ]אמ ,which is the next priestly family
in order, and joins frag. 40.
Column VI commenced with one or more lines recording the end of the calendar
year, as the previous column V ends at day 28 of month 12. One would expect
that the formula ending the year is at least as long as the earlier tequfah formulas
in 4Q324d or that of 4Q394 3–7 I, 1–3. Be that as it may, the mishmarot list would
have begun at line 6 (assuming ten lines in column VI), leaving a place in the frst
fve lines for the concluding formula of the year.
Column VI ends with the mishmar name אמר .Te additional fve mishmarot
names expected at the end of the list would have been contained in the subsequent
column VII. Remains of the names ֯ר[חזי and צצ]הפ are preserved on frag. 42, just
below the top margin. Te fact that column VII contains only one line of mishmarot
names implies that at least one more list or composition was copied on this
scroll.43 Unfortunately, nothing was preserved from this list or composition.
Te priestly name ישבאב) 1 Chr 24:13) is variously spelled ישיבאב) 4Q319
VII, 6) and appears here as ובאב̊ ש[י) frag. 37; legible only on the older images).
Since yod and vav are graphically similar only in the square script, the variation
might indicate that the scroll, or at least the list of the mishmarot, was copied from
an earlier list written in the square script.
Fragments 1, 43–62
Fragments 1 and 43–62 are either too small to be identifed and are placed too
far away from the rest of the joined fragments or their placement in the scroll is
equivocal. Tey are thus not discussed here but will be presented in the full edition
of 4Q324d.

DSS A Newly Reconstructed Calendrical Scroll

To conclude, it turns out that the author of 4Q324d was exceptionally keen on
recording weekdays in his calendrical notations, keener than the authors of comparable
calendrical texts.48
V. Textual Reconstruction of 4Q324d
(See fg. 6, p. 932.)
Column I
[ ] 1
[ ] 2
3[ הראשונ י[ו֯מ] הרביעי תקופה בארבעה[
4[ בו שבת [בא֯ ]חד עשר בו שבת בארבעה
5[ עשר בו הפסח יומ שלישי בחמישה עשר[
6[ בו חג המצות יומ רביעי בשמונה עשר[
7[ בו שבת בעשרימ וחמישה בו שבת הנפ[
8[ העומר בעשרימ וששה בו אחר השבת יומ[
9[ החמשי בו שלושימ השני יומ הששי בשנימ[
10[ בו שבת בתשעה בו שבת בששה עשר בו[
3. [(Te beginning of the) frst (month) on (week)d]ay[ four. Tequfah. On the
4. [in it – Sabbath.] On the e[leventh in it – Sabbath. On the four-]
5. [teenth in it – the Passah, (week)day three. On the ffeenth]
6. [in it – the Feast of Mazzot, (week)day four. On the eighteenth]
7. [in it – Sabbath. On the twenty-ffh in it – Sabbath. Te Waving]
8. [of the Sheaf is on the twenty-sixth in it, afer the Sabbath. (Week)day]
9. [Five – in it (falls) the thirtieth (day of the month). (Te beginning of the)
second (month) is on (week)day six. On the second]
10. [in it – Sabbath. On the ninth in it – Sabbath. On the sixteenth in it –]
48 For the insertion of weekdays in dating formulas, see Ben-Dov, Head of All Years, 62–67.
Column II
1[  שבת בעשרימ ושלושה בו שבת בשלושימ[
2[  בו שבת השלישי אחר השבת בשבעה[
3[  בו שבת בארבעה עשר בו שבת בחמשה[
4[  עשר בו אחר השבת חג השבועימ[
5[  בעשרימ ואחד בו שבת בעשרימ[
6[  ושמונה בו שבת יום שני בו שלושים[
7  י[ו֯מ֯ ] השלישי נואספ vacat הרביעי יומ הרביעי[
8 תקופ֗ ]ה בארבעה ב[ו֯ ש֗ בת בא֗ ]חד עשר בו[
9  שב֗ ת֯ ] בשמונה עש[ר֯ ] ב[ו֯ שבת֗ ב֗ עש֯ ]רימ[
10[ וחמשה בו ש[ב֗ ת י֯ ]ום [ח֯ מישי] ב[ו֯ שלושים
bottom margin
1. [Sabbath. On the twenty-third in it – Sabbath. On the thirtieth]
2. [in it – Sabbath. (Te beginning of the) third (month) is afer the Sabbath.
On the seventh]
3. [in it – Sabbath. On the fourteenth in it – Sabbath. On the ff-]
4. [teenth in it, afer the Sabbath, the Feast of Weeks.]
5. [On the twenty-frst in it – Sabbath. On the twenty-]
6. [eighth in it – Sabbath. (Week)day two – in it (falls) the thirtieth (day of the
7. [(Week)d]ay [three is additional. vacat (Te beginning of the) fourth
(month) is on (week)day four.]
8. Tequf[ah. On the fourth in] it – Sabbath. On the e[leventh in it –]
9. Sabbath. [On the eighteenth in] it – Sabbath. On the twe[nty-]
10. [ffh in it – Sab]bath. (Week)d[ay] fve – [in] it (falls) the thirtieth (day of
the month).
Column III
1[  החמישי יומ הששי בשנימ בו שבת[
2[  בשלושה בו מועד התירוש אחר השבת[
3[  בתשעה בו שבת בששה עשר בו שבת בעשרימ[
4[  ושלושה בו שבת בשלושימ בו שבת[
5[  הששי אחר השבת בש[ב֯ עה] בו שבת[
6[ בארבעה עשר בו שב[ת ב]עשרימ ואחד בו שבת[
7[  אחר השבת מוע[ד֯ היצ]הר בעשרימ [ו֯ ]ש[מ֯ ו֯ נ֯ ]ה
8  ב[ו֯ שבת ה֗ ]יומ השנ[י ב]ו ש[לושי֯ ]מ ה[ש֗ בי]ע[י
9  י[ומ הר֯ ב֯ ]יעי [ת֯ ק֗ ו֗פ֯ ה֯ בארעה֗ ב֯ ו ש֗ ב֯ ת
9a ב[עשר בו יו֯ ]מ ה[כ̇ פורימ֯
10 באחד עש֯ ]ר ב[ו֗ שבת בחמשה ע֗ שר֯ בו חג
bottom margin
ש֯ ש֯ ת֯ ] י[מ֯ י֯מ֯ ] [ש֯ נ֯ ]י[מ֗ ביומ ]
1. [Te (beginning of the) ffh (month) is on (week)day six. On the second
(day) in it – Sabbath.]
2. [On the third in it – Te Feast of Wine, afer the Sabbath.
3. [On the ninth in it – Sabbath. On the sixteenth in it – Sabbath. On the
4. [third in it – Sabbath. On the thirtieth in it – Sabbath.]
5. [Te (beginning of the) sixth (month) is afer the Sabbath. On the se]venth
[in it – Sabbath.]
6. [On the fourteenth in it – Sabba]th. On [the twenty-frst in it – Sabbath.]
7. [Afer the Sabbath (is) the Festiva]l of Oi[l. On the twenty-e]igh[th]
8. [in] it – Sabbath. [(Week)day tw]o – in [it (falls) the th]irti[eth (day of the
month). Te] (beginning of the) sev[en]th (month)
9. [(is on) (week)d]ay fou[r]. Tequfah. On the fourth in it (= the seventh
month) – Sabbath.
9a. [On the] tenth in it – the Da[y of At]onement
10. On the eleven[th in] it – Sabbath. On the ffeenth in it – the Feast of
Marginal gloss:
Te Of]erings of Wood [pl.] (last) six [d]ays, t[w]o in (each) day
Column IV
top margin
1  סו]כות יומ רביעי [ב֯ שמ]ונה [עשר֯ ב֯ ]ו שבת[
2[  בעשרימ וחמשה בו שבת יומ חמשי בו שלושימ[
3[  השמיני יומ הששי בשנימ בו שבת בתשעה[
4[  בו שבת בששה עשר בו שבת בעשרימ[
5[  ושלושה בו שבת בשלושימ בו שבת התשיעי[
6[  אחר השבת בשבעה בו שבת בארבעה עשר[
7[  בו שבת בעשרימ ואח[ד֗ ב֯ ו֗] שבת בעשרי[מ֯
8  ושמו]נה בו שבת [י֗ו֗ ]מ ש[ני בו שלו֗ שי]מ[
9  יומ הש֗ ]לי[ש̊ ]י נו[אספ ב֯ ]אחד [ב֯ עשר֯ י תקופה
10 יומ ר֗ ביעי בארבעה֯ ב֯ ו֯ ש֯ ]ב[ת֯ באחד֯
bottom margin
1. Tab[ernacles on (week)day four]. On the ei[ghte]ent[h] in it – Sabbath.]
2. [On the twenty-ffh in it – Sabbath. (Week)day fve – in it (falls) the thirtieth
(day of the month).]
3. [Te (beginning of the) eighth (month) is on (week)day six. On the second
in it – Sabbath. On the ninth]
4. [in it – Sabbath. On the sixteenth in it – Sabbath. On the twenty-]
5. [third in it – Sabbath. On the thirtieth in it – Sabbath. (Te beginning of
the) ninth (month)]
6. [is afer the Sabbath. On the seventh in it – Sabbath. On the fourteenth]
7. [in it – Sabbath. On the twenty-frs]t in it – [Sabbath. On the twent]y
8. eigh[th in it – Sabbath.]. (Week)da[y t]wo – in it (falls) the thirti[eth (day
of the month)]
9. (Week)day th[ree is additio]nal. On [the frst (day) of ]the tenth (month)-
10. (on) (week)day four. On the fourth in it – S[ab]bath. On the eleveColumn
1[  עשר בו שבת בשמונה עשר בו[
2[  שבת בעשרימ וחמישה בו שבת יומ[
3[  החמשי בו שלושימ עשתי עשר החודש[
4[  יומ הששי בשנימ בו שבת בתשעה[
5[  ב[ו֯] שבת בששה עשר בו שבת בעשרימ[
6  ושל]ושה בו שבת בשלושימ בו שבת[
7  ש֗ ני֗מ֯ ] עשר החודש אחר השבת בשבעה בו[
8  שבת ב֯ א֯ ]רבעה עשר בו שבת[
9  ב֯ ע֯ ש֗ רימ֗ ] ואח[ד֯ בו שבת֗ ]ב[ע֗ שרימ֗
10 ושמ֯ ונה֗ ] בו [ש֯ בת ב vacat[ ש[נ֯ י בו֯
bottom margin
1. [-nth in it – Sabbath. On the eighteenth in it –]
2. [Sabbath. On the twenty-ffh in it – Sabbath. (Week)day]
3. [fve – in it (falls) the thirtieth (day of the month). (Te beginning of the)
eleventh (month)]
4. [ is on (week)day six. On the second in it – Sabbath. On the ninth]
5. [in] it[ – Sabbath. On the sixteenth in it – Sabbath. On the twenty-]
6. thi[rd in it – Sabbath. On the thirtieth in it – Sabbath.]
7. (Te beginning of the) twelf[th month is afer the Sabbath. On the seventh
in it –]
8. Sabbath. On the fo[urteenth in it – Sabbath.]
9. On the twenty-[frs]t in it – Sabbath. [On the] twenty10.
eighth [in it -] Sabbath. On vacat [(weekday) tw]o – in it (falls)
Column VI
1[  שלושימ יומ השלישי נואספ[
]          [  2
]          [  3
]          [  4
]          [  5
6[  גמול דליה מעזיה[
7[  יהויריב ידעיה חרימ שערימ[
8[  מלכיה מימנ[הק֯ ]וצ אביה[
9[  ישוע ש[כ֯ נ֗ י֗ה אלי֯ ש֗ י֯ב֯ ] יקימ[
10] חופה י[ש֯ ובאב בלגה אמ֗ ]ר
bottom margin
1. [the thirtieth day (of the month). (Week)day three is additional]
6. [Gamul Delaiah Matoziah]
7. [Yoiarib Yedatiah Ḥarim Setorim]
8. [Malkiah Miyyamin] Haqq[oṣ Abiah]
9. [Yešuta Šek]aniah Eliašib[ Yaqim]
10. [Ḥuppah Ye]šubab Bilgah %Imme[r
Column VII
top margin
1[  חזי[ר֯ הפ]צצ פתחיה יחזקאל יכינ[
1. [Ḥezi]r Happ[isṣ ̣eṣ Petaḥia Yeḥezqel Yakin]
VI. Conclusion
Meticulous work led us to a material reconstruction of a well-preserved
sequence of text from the calendrical scroll 4Q324d. Only the main lines of our
work are presented here, as we intend to present the full edition elsewhere. We hope
to have proven that what had been formerly conceived as the remains of six diferent
scrolls can now stand as one scroll only. Other cryptic scrolls from Cave 4
should be treated similarly.49 Te limited circulation of the cryptic script in the
Yaḥad is useful for the study of secrecy and esotericism in that community. It is also
valuable for enriching our knowledge about other cases of cryptology in writings
from antiquity, a well-known and intriguing aspect of ongoing research.
Te calendrical document 4Q324d resembles the one contained at the beginning
of the scroll 4Q394 3–7 (4QMMTa
). 4Q324d difers from 4Q394 in the way it
assigns special attention to weekdays included in the tequfah formula. In addition,
a unique intercolumnar gloss surprisingly aligns this text with the halakah of the
Temple Scroll. Tis scroll thus adds a small albeit unique detail to the study of the
sectarian calendar.
We feel privileged to have achieved the publication of one of the last unpublished
Dead Sea Scrolls. It is our contention that further study of the scrolls, whether
published or unpublished, with renewed attention and newly available techniques,
will be able to produce more new and exciting information for students of Second
Temple Judaism.
49For a similar claim with regard to the Cryptic A copies of Serekh haEdah from Cave 4 see
Asaf Gayer, Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra, and Jonathan Ben-Dov, “A New Join of Two Fragments of
Serekh haEdah from Cave 4 and Its Implications,” DSD 23 (2016): 139–54.

The Prophet Greater Than MOSES

YHWH your Elohim will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your fellow Israelites. YOU MUST *** LISTEN TO HIM *** (we are told not to listen to Moses by Moses himself. Moses pointed to the Son. The Son did not point to Moses). DEUTERONOMY 18:15   


LET ME SHARE A MAJOR LIGHTBULB MOMENT OF MINE WITH YOU REGARDING THE MOMENT THIS VERSE HIT ME LIKE ‘A TON OF BRICKS’ THROUGHOUT THE PROCESS OF OUR ASSEMBLY OF THE CHRONOLOGICAL COVENANT PLAN OF YHWH (the foundation of scriptural interpretation). There is a chronological covenant plan of YHWH we have discovered the basis of interpretation of all the authors of scripture. I will be explaining a bit of our discovery in this article.
How important is this verse to you right now (Deuteronomy 18:15)? Here is Peter quoting this verse on the day of Shavuot (Pentecost):
For Moses said, ‘YHWH your Elohim will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you. Anyone who does not listen to him will be completely cut off from their people.’ ACTS 3:22-23
Without doubt this PROPHET YHWH was speaking to Moses about who would come 1500 years later named Yahushua Messiah to die and “pay for the sins committed under the first covenant” (Hebrews 9:15). What we have discovered through intense detail is that this “first covenant” is actually what scripture labels as “the Law of Moses” which made Moses “LAWGIVER” (that’s why scripture calls it the LAW of –>> MOSES). The purpose of this article is to drive you to the critical knowledge of the TIMING of this verse which places Moses being told this statement of “the Prophet to come after him” being on the 4th trip up Mt Sinai… just before the alternative covenant arrangement made with Abraham’s descendants on his 7th trip (the Law of Moses) due to their breaking of the blood covenant they had just entered with the sin of the golden calf. For more information please read on the Topic as “7 trips of Moses” and “the 7th trip up Mt Sinai” PDF (Link here.)
Right before Acts 3:22-23 Peter states that it is only by emunah/believe in His name that we can repent for our sins and be saved, which being “saved” is also coming into the New Covenant. The audience of the “first covenant” was “under the law” which was “THE LAW OF MOSES
This is a very important verse to make a connection to the “Old Testament”, but just wait as you continue to read and I place it into the timeline of our story of scripture of “WHEN” and “WHY” this was told to Moses. I hope the lightbulb will turn on brighter for you as well and you study along with us in examining the covenant puzzle pieces.
If you are like me this verse was always an important one. The moment I received complete illumination of context and placed the verse at the proper time Moses was told this on our chronological covenant storyline, the verse went from “important” to “the most amazing connection of the new testament and new covenant anybody can imagine finding”.
Placing this verse into the story at the right time shows us how the COVENANT PLAN was put on “PAUSE” @ Mt Sinai for 1500 years until the Prophet came. I will explain what I just shared with you.


The timing of when Moses was told: “YHWH will raise up a Prophet to come after Moses”

6000 years ago:

Adam breaks his covenant and is removed out of the garden (the presence of YHWH). Curses are given as result. The SEED of the Woman is promised would come (who would also be this Prophet to come after Moses). THERE IS NO COVENANT WITH MAN FOR 1692 YEARS, RESULTING IN THE FLOOD

1692 years later:

Yah enters COVENANT with Noah (The SEED of the woman and ancestor of the Prophet to come after Moses) to purge the world from wickedness and BEGIN A BRAND NEW PLAN ushering in new changes. Noah obeys his covenant by building an ark and saving his family.

367 years later:

YHWH enters COVENANT with Abram (the SEED of the woman and ancestor of the Prophet to come after Moses) to give LAND to his descendants immediately after Abram first believed in the promise that YHWH would give him descendants.’
1) His descendants (which he doesn’t have even a son yet) would become enslaved in a country not their own for 400 years
2) YHWH would deliver them and punish that nation (this nation would become Egypt)
3) They would come out with great possessions
4) At the time of the sin of the Amorites reaches its full measure

430 years later


24 years later:

Abraham (still with no son) is guaranteed that he would now have a son within one year and names him Isaac. YHWH promises to enter covenant with Abraham’s descendants. (THIS COVENANT IS WHY THEY GO TO MT SINAI TO GET MARRIED TO YHWH, TO ENTER COVENANT WITH HIM)



(IMPORTANT NOTE: Moses was only supposed to have made THREE TRIPS to complete the COVENANT but ends up making SEVEN as they leave Mt Sinai with a drastically different covenantal arrangement as they forfeited by their actions the first “OFFER” to become a Kingdom of Priests and Kodesh Nation)


TRIP 1 ~

Moses receives the COVENANT OFFER to go back down the mountain and ask the people if they would like to say “yes”:

“I will make you:

a Kingdom of Priests, a Kodesh Nation, and My special treasured possession

“IF” The condition of them receiving the covenantal benefits of the “OFFER”

“IF” you obey My VOICE and Keep My COVENANT

TRIP 2 ~

The people said “we will do all YHWH will say”. Moses goes up trip 2 to bring the ACCEPTANCE from the people back to YHWH and told to prepare the people on the 3rd day and when they hear the trumpet blast come up the mountain:



On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled. Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with Elohim, and they stood at the foot of the mountain. Mount Sinai was covered with smoke, because YHWH descended on it in fire. The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace, and the whole mountain trembled violently. As the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke and the voice of Elohim answered him. YHWH descended to the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. SO MOSES WENT UP (THIS IS TRIP 3) EXODUS 19:16-20

TRIP 3 ~

Moses went up after YHWH called Moses up. The people were supposed to go up with Moses but were afraid (understandably right?):

(Moses recanting the event 40 years later) YHWH spoke to you face to face out of the fire on the mountain. At that time I stood between YHWH and you to declare to you the word of YHWH, because YOU WERE AFRAID OF THE FIRE and DID NOT GO UP THE MOUNTAIN. DEUTERONOMY 5:4-5

So, the people do a “no show” on trip 3 because they were afraid and did not go up with Moses to receive THE TERMS OF THE COVENANT as first schedule. This moment right here is the moment in time when they will be given a ‘spokesperson’ to approach YHWH’s presence on their behalf. You may know this position of ‘spokesperson’ as the ‘religious’ term of HIGH PRIEST! That’s all the High Priest was ~ the people’s representative.
Aaron is nominated by YHWH as their spokesperson’, and will become their HIGH PRIEST, because the people were too afraid to go up the mountain and approach closer.

YHWH replied, “Go down and bring Aaron up with you. But the priests and the people must not force their way through to come up to YHWH, or he will break out against them.” So Moses went down to the people and told them. EXODUS 19:25


Remember the ‘OFFER’ of the COVENANT:


YHWH ***SPOKE*** (with His VOICE) ————————– HIS TEN WORDS (improperly translated as ‘COMMANDMENTS’)


When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet and saw the mountain in smoke, they trembled with fear. They stayed at a distance and SAID TO MOSES, “Speak to us yourself and we will listen. But DO NOT HAVE ELOHIM SPEAK TO US or we will die.” Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid. YHWH has come to test you, so that the fear of YHWH will be with you to keep you from sinning.” The people remained at a distance, while Moses approached the thick darkness where YHWH was. EXODUS 20:18-21
Do you see this was NOT part of the original plan? THE PEOPLE REJECTED HIS VOICE COMPLETELY AND TOLD MOSES THEY WILL LISTEN TO HIM INSTED! So, the offer was to OBEY His voice and they rejected hearing His voice completely. (upon Moses’ 5th trip they would eventually also break His covenant and grossly disobey His instruction with the sin of the golden calf)
It is essential you see this moment in history was an insurmountable problem that the people needed to be changed by being ‘born again’ and the writing of the Ten Words (the Covenant) on their hearts and minds. When Hebrews 8:8-10 is quoting the New Covenant, verse 9 restates where this problem first occurred with a continuous disobedient people:
It will NOT BE LIKE the covenant I made with their ancestors when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they did not remain faithful to my covenant, and I turned away from them, declares YHWH. HEBREW 8:9

Notice the verse right before very closely:

For if there had been nothing wrong (WHAT WAS WRONG??) with that first covenant, no place would have been sought for another. But Elohim FOUND FAULT WITH THE PEOPLE (WHAT WAS WRONG WAS THE PEOPLE NEEDED TO BE CHANGED!!) and said… HEBREWS 8:7-8
THE PEOPLE NEEDED TO BE CHANGED. This right here in our storyline @ Mt Sinai is where YHWH knew that the people needed to be changed as they were too afraid to stand before Him. This is when there ABSOLUTELY needed to be a “NEW COVENANT” to arrive in the future… writing the covenant laws, the Ten Words on hearts and minds, and giving the Spirit of His Son inside their very bodies… to DWELL WITH THEM.


When was Deuteronomy 18:15 given Moses? Remember I shared with you in the beginning the LIGHTBULB moment that occurred to me as we were pegging all scripture to a TIMELINE and assembling the puzzle. I COULDN’T BELIEVE WHAT I FOUND!!! This verse jumped off the page and into my heart a few years ago by placing it in the right moment in time. Let’s look at Trip 4 now which Moses took…


(remember, the people had been too afraid to go with Moses up the mountain on Trip 3 so Moses goes alone and YHWH then tells Moses to bring Aaron up on his next trip, which is trip 4 we are going to look at now. Instead of the covenant terms, the Ten Words, being spoken while they were in His presence YHWH waits until Moses goes back down the mountain after trip 3 when he with the people to speak His covenant. THE ENTIRE CONGREGATION REJECTS HIS VOICE COMPLETELY. We know Aaron did become High Priest, the spokesperson for the community, upon trip 5 instructions and instituted after the building of the Tabernacle to keep the presence of YHWH away from the fearful people. I am not going to go past trip 4 here in detail. Please see full article for all 7 trips here: 
Moses goes back up on his 4th trip up Mount Sinai as the people rejected YHWH’s voice, His Ten Words. They wanted to hear Moses’ voice instead so Moses becomes mediator and then eventually “LAWGIVER” (i.e. The Law of –>> Moses) on trip 7 after they worshipped the golden calf. For the singlemost important scriptural phrase: THE LAW OF MOSES to understand please read this article which zooms in at the granular detail surround trip 7:
Right here, on Trip 4, is what was told Moses upon coming up after the people rejected His Voice… the turning point in the entire story of scripture as the timetable began counting a 1500 year period where the Prophet to come after Moses must come:
(Moses recanting what was told him forty years earlier) YHWH your Elohim will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your fellow Israelites. You must listen to him. (PAY ATTENTION CLOSELY: THIS IS WHAT THE PEOPLE SAID TO MOSES AFTER HEARING THE TEN WORDS) For this is what you asked of YHWH your Elohim at Horeb on the day of the assembly when you said, “Let us not hear the voice of YHWH your Elohim nor see this great fire anymore, or we will die.” DEUTERONOMY 18:15-16


(next verses) YHWH SAID TO ME: “What they say is good. I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their fellow Israelites, and I will put my words in his mouth. He will tell them everything I command him. DEUTERONOMY 18:17-18
My brothers and sisters, do you realise “WHY” the word became flesh (in man’s likeness) and DWELT amongst us? Because in the flesh there is nobody who can stand in His presence so the Son stepped down from His heavenly position to be born of a baby, show us how to walk out the covenant the Ten Words, and then died for us sending His Spirit to dwell inside of us… as our helper!
Those at Mt Sinai did NOT have a ‘Helper’, the Spirit of Truth. It breaks my heart that Torah people, all because they have been misled by defining the phrase “Law of Moses” as “first five books of Moses”, do not make the connection that ALL OF SCRIPTURE, the Law and the Prophets as He said in Matthew 5:17 was written as He truly fulfilled them! Isn’t that what Moses was told by YHWH on trip 4 here?
YHWH your Elohim will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your fellow Israelites. YOU MUST LISTEN TO HIM. DEUTERONOMY 18:15
Do you see the problem clearly now in not defining “THE LAW OF –>> MOSES” correctly? Satan has propagated this grievous error of definition of this most important phrase in all of scripture to have these Torah people not LISTEN TO THE VOICE OF THE ONE TO COME AFTER MOSES. We aren’t supposed to listen to Moses voice. This is exactly what the Son said, yet Torah people read this verse right here thinking the Son was supporting Moses. No! It’s the other way around, just like Moses was told.
If you believed Moses, you would believe me, FOR HE WROTE ABOUT ME. But since you do not believe what he wrote, how are you going to believe what I say?” JOHN 5:46-47
Look very closely here: even many non-religious people understood how to interpret “the Law” (the Law of Moses, first covenant). They just did not know the Prophet to come after Moses was going to die! Nobody knew that part.
The crowd spoke up, “We have heard from the Law (Law of Moses, first covenant) that THE MESSIAH WILL REMAIN FOREVER, so how can you say, ‘The Son of Man must be lifted up’? Who is this ‘Son of Man’?” JOHN 12:34
It’s all about our ‘spokesperson’, High Priest, who goes before us in the heavenly realm… the volume of the Book is written of Him.
Then I said, ‘Behold, I have come— In the volume of the book IT IS WRITTEN OF ME— To do Your will, O Yah.’” HEBREWS 8:7
He is the ONLY one who could stand for us in the heavenly tabernacle because He is THE ONLY one who kept His Father’s covenant, without sin! To then… empower us to keep His covenant. When you study this covenant foundation we are trying to help teach you, you will see that the entire New Testament writings and its interpretation sits upon knowing what occurred here at Mt Sinai.
Look at this comparison between Mt Sinai and the One who came from above as the Prophet to come after Moses to mediate a New Covenant in His blood: (with the background I have just described in this article I hope this explodes with new meaning to you!)
For you have not come to the mountain that may be touched and that burned with fire, and to blackness and darkness and tempest, and the sound of a trumpet and the voice of words, (THE FIRST COVENANT) so that those who heard it begged that the word should not be spoken to them anymore. (For they could not endure what was commanded: “And if so much as a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned or shot with an arrow.” And so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I am exceedingly afraid and trembling. But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living Elohim, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and body of MessiYah of the firstborn who are registered in Shamayim, to Elohim the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, to Yahushua/Messiah the MEDIATOR OF THE NEW COVENANT (THE PROPHET TO COME AFTER MOSES WE MUST LISTEN TO), and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel. See that you do not refuse Him who speaks. (HERE IS THE ENTIRE POINT OF THE NEW COVENANT. WE MUST OBEY AND LEARN FROM THEIR DISOBEDIENCE OR WE FIERCELY GET JUST WORSE THAN EVEN THEY DID) For if they did not escape who refused Him who spoke on earth, much more shall we not escape if we turn away from Him who speaks from heaven, whose voice then shook the earth; but now He has promised, saying, “Yet once more I shake not only the earth, but also heaven.” Now this, “Yet once more,” indicates the removal of those things that are being shaken, as of things that are made, that the things which cannot be shaken may remain. Therefore, since we are receiving a kingdom which cannot be shaken, let us have Favor/grace, by which we may serve Elohim acceptably with reverence and fear. For our Elohim is a consuming fire.
HEBREWS 12:18-29

Moses makes SEVEN TRIPS up and down Mt Sinai

Moses makes SEVEN TRIPS up and down Mt Sinai –> THE SINGLE MOST IMPORTANT piece of scriptural interpretation.


These chronological facts of the SEVEN TRIPS Moses made up and down Mt Sinai spanning approximately 80 to 100 days is what establishes the structure to and sets the theme for ALL SCRIPTURE, especially the New Testament. PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE pass this post to everybody you know… only after you have meditated on this and the Father Himself reveals this to you. It is critical to get this all down in writing with the scripture reference so the Ruach haKodesh/Set Apart Spirit can lead you to this special end of the age revelation. All believers who put their belief in Messiah Yahushua ARE ABRAHAM’S DESCENDANTS (Matthew 3:9, Matthew 8:11, Luke 3:8, Galatians 3:29, Romans 4:12, Romans 9:7-8, James 2:23-24) and what happened at Mt Sinai is HOW this is so!!! We are an extension of the plan that originated here. These SEVEN TRIPS Moses made in attempting to receive THE COVENANT fulfilment of the promise to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob’s/Israel’s descendants in the receiving their heritage/inheritance (The LAND promised them), by marrying (entering into covenant with) their Creator, describe in detail the marriage between Yahuah and His people, why the Messiah had to come, and the scriptural definition of “the Law of Moses”. We have seen nobody on either the “Torah” side or “Christian” side understand or notice what occurred in these seven sequential trips because they have not laid down a COVENANT FOUNDATION due to incorrect inherited doctrines and missing the overarching theme between Adam to Messiah, the Garden to New Jerusalem, which is COVENANT.  I say this not out of exalting us, but rather to emphasize the extreme significance of this revelation.
We have discovered that scripture is knitted together by EIGHT COVENANTS Yahuah made through 5 men (Noah, Abraham x2, Moses x3, David, Yahusha/’Jesus’) in an unfolding fashion, of which each of the first seven (covenants) were all parts of one covenant and each played a specific function in this first marriage (a COVENANT is a MARRIAGE UNION) between Yahuah and Abraham’s descendants that failed time and time again due to man’s unregenerate nature always disobedient to their covenant. A covenant has a contractual structure to it. In fact, a modern day contract originates from ancient blood covenant, which is what we see take place both at Mt Sinai and 1500 years later with the death of the Savior. The New Covenant (of which also has a contractual structure) and blood shed of the Savior is directly connected to these seven trips Moses made. A CONTRACT has 4 elements:
  • An OFFER
  • TERMS AND CONDITIONS, including a ceremony with blood ratification
  • SIGNATURE (a COVENANT is signed in BLOOD)
A modern day Wedding in our culture is followed by a ceremonial reception where the Bride and Bridegroom share their first COVENANT MEAL as Husband and Wife. This also is modelled after ancient blood covenant. We will see this occur at Mt Sinai as well. The speaking of THE TEN WORDS (often translated as Ten “COMMANDMENTS”) was, and still is, the eternal marriage conditions between Yahuah and Abraham’s descendants, which includes those of us in Yahushua/Messiah — the WORD/TEN WORDS made flesh. This wedding day 3500 years ago is also known as THE DAY OF THE ASSEMBLY (also translated incorrectly as the word “church”).  Now, since you and I in Yahushua/Messiah are Abraham’s descendants as were they of this first covenant arrangement, every topic and theme of scripture and the entire New Testament must be interpreted through what happened  here at the Day of the Assembly and subsequent 100 days following. You gotta know that we are the direct result of the events which occurred on this Day and not the other way around. How important you think you are (and I know you are important in the family of Yahusha/Jesus, our soon coming Messiah) the scriptures and New Testament were NOT written to you in the 20th century, but rather as a direct result of what occurred at Mt Sinai. Every writer of scripture understood the covenant plan, but ONLY Yahushua/Messiah (obviously), Paul, and the writer of Hebrews understood these events at a higher level ~ especially the SEVENTH TRIP Moses made, which is scripturally defined as “The Law of Moses”. This may take some time for this last statement to really sink in so please don’t dismiss this article because of this statement. I say this because NOT UNDERSTANDING THE EVENTS SURROUNDING THESE SEVEN TRIPS IS WHY the Hebrew Roots movement (only approx. 50 years old) and modern day Christian teaching don’t comprehend these events and that is why each of their widely held interpretations of New Testament verses regarding “Law” completely contradict one another ~ in general, the “Torah” person reads “Law” and tries to make it a GOOD THING by believing “Oral Talmud” is the way to interpret Paul and the writer of Hebrews, and the “Christian” reads “Law” in the New Testament and makes it a BAD THING as it appears to be obvious in Paul’s writings. In reality, they BOTH see the other sides problem… I propose to you, THERE IS A SOLUTION ~ and understanding these SEVEN TRIPS is the solution. These sequential events are deeply buried in the accounts of both Exodus chapters 19 through 34 and Deuteronomy chapters 4, 5, 9, 10, & 18 in assembling these SEVEN TRIPS Moses made. It is important to know that the Deuteronomy chapters include Moses recanting what took place 40 years earlier. So many people don’t enter the story of scripture they read as they just do “Torah readings” or teach “old testament allegories”. Most teachers have no concept of a timeline and because the dividing points are either “Old” and “New” Testament (common Christian perspective) or that scripture is all one jumbled story with no dividing points (a common Torah or Hebrew Roots perspective) neither group can paint the significance of the events at Mt Sinai due to doctrinal perspectives. They do not see that there are EIGHT COVENANTAL AGREEMENTS which are the hinges of scripture, and two of these eight covenantal agreements we are going to display for you was the ORIGINAL ORAL PLAN (the speaking of His Covenant) and the ALTERNATIVE WRITTEN PLAN (scripturally defined as THE LAW OF –> MOSES). ***URGENT NOTICE AS WHY YOU NEED TO KNOW THIS***  We in the New Covenant have been given THE ORIGINAL PLAN given at THE DAY OF THE ASSEMBLY (“CHURCH”) in a much more powerful way (as the Ruach/Spirit is inside of us with the marriage conditions written on the tablets of our heart). Keeping this agreement of the TEN WORDS written on our hearts is what determines whether you will be found as the wise virgin or foolish virgin (Matthew 25 parable of wise and foolish virgins). HEBREWS 3:19-4:3 So we see that they (those WHO REFUSED the ORIGINAL PLANNED MARRIAGE and ACCEPTED THE ALTERNATIVE PLAN at Mt Sinai) could not enter in because of unbelief (unfaithfulness). Therefore, since a promise (the promise to be made a king and a priest) remains of entering His rest (His rest is given the 1000 year Sabbath rest on Earth coming, INHERITING the Kingdom of Elohim (The Almighty) by TrustworthyNESS to this covenant) let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. For indeed the good news was preached to us as well as to them (comparing the blood covenant, the good news/gospel, offer at Mt Sinai to us in Yahushua/Messiah); but the word (The Ten Words, COVENANT) which they heard did not profit them, not being mixed with faith (faithfulness of this covenant is the key) in those who heard it. For we who have believed (keep his covenant, his commandments) do enter that rest, as He has said: So I swore in My wrath, they shall not enter My rest, Let’s identify these 8 covenantal agreements, who they are with, and the function in the what is called “The First Covenant”: COVENANTAL AGREEMENTS NUMBERED 1 THROUGH 8 (1 THROUGH 7 BEING ALL PART OF THE “FIRST COVENANT”) PARTY TO THE COVENANT = FUNCTION OF THE “FIRST COVENANT” 1Noah = the beginning of a new plan for mankind 2Abram = LAND given to him and future descendants 3Abraham = SEED (Isaac) guaranteed and that he will become a father of many nations. 4Abraham’s descendants = ORIGINAL PLAN @ MT SINAI ~ BROKEN (This is Our Covenant Offer) 5(temp) Abraham’s descendants = ALTERNATIVE PLAN @ MT SINAI (called The Law of Moses) 6(temp) Abraham’s descendants = Made with the second generation out of Egypt 40 years after Mt Sinai (called the Book of the Law/The Book of Deuteronomy) to go into play when Joshua leads Abraham’s descendants into the LAND   7David = David’s future son (singular), who became Yahusha/Jesus, ruling over Abraham’s descendants (all twelve tribes) in the LAND 8The New Covenant – reinstated the ORIGINAL ORAL PLAN and ENDED temporary covenants #5 (called the “Law of Moses”, received on Moses’ 7th trip) & covenant #6 (called “the Book of the Law”) as David’s Son in fulfilment of covenant #7 as He reigns over Abraham’s descendants (you and I) to take those faithful to THE ORIGINAL ORAL PLAN to the LAND promised our father Abraham. Remember again, the FOUR ELEMENTS of a COVENANT/CONTRACT which I listed above. As you read the document you will see them as ***ASTERISKS***.
  • An OFFER
  • TERMS AND CONDITIONS including a ceremony with blood ratification
  • SIGNATURE (a COVENANT is signed in BLOOD)
***immediately following this Wedding at Mt Sinai is the “Reception” meal between the parties of the MARRIAGE COVENANT UNION –> this SUPPER occurs on Trip 5, of which soon after committed adultery*** (The below SEVEN TRIPS MOSES MADE UP AND DOWN MT SINAI is recounting the story of what happened 3500 years ago in this short window of time, that altered the entire course of the story of scripture and of which sits the entire New Testament interpretation)      

~~~~~ THE SEVEN TRIPS ~~~~~

TRIP 1 ~ EXODUS 19:3-6 Moses receives the ***OFFER*** EXODUS 19:5-6 Now therefore, if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people; for all the earth is Mine. And you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ NOTICE: 1 SPECIAL TREASURED POSSESSION 2 A KINGDOM OF PRIESTS 3 A QODESH/SET APART NATION COMPARE TO: 1 PETER 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, His own special people, that you may proclaim the praises of Him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light Where did Peter get this idea? ANSWER:  He knew the covenant plan! This OFFER to potentially become “His special treasured possession and a royal priesthood and a qodesh (holy) nation” was RENEWED as this was the ORIGINAL PLAN. AT THE BOTTOM OF THE MOUNTAIN ~ EXODUS 19:7-8 –> Moses went down and brought the ***OFFER*** to the elders and the people replied saying “Everything Yahauh says we will obey” which is their ***ACCEPTANCE***.
TRIP 2 ~ EXODUS 19:8-13 Moses brings the people’s ***ACCEPTANCE*** back to YAHUAH. Moses brought their answer back (***ACCEPTANCE***) to YAHUAH. Moses is told that YAHUAH will come in a dense cloud and speak to Moses so they will always put their trust in him (this will occur on the next trip). Moses instructed to bring the people back on the third day for THE WEDDING by instructing them to consecrate themselves and wash their clothes, to put limits for the people around the mountain, and to warn the people to not touch the foot of the mountain or they will die. They can only approach the mountain and draw close when they hear the ram’s horn blown. AT THE BOTTOM OF THE MOUNTAIN ~ PREPARATION FOR THE WEDDING ~ EXODUS 19:14-20 –> Moses went down and as instructed consecrated the people and by having them wash their clothes and prepare themselves for the third day and abstain from sexual relations. —> On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning and a trumpet blast signaling the people to the mountain for THE WEDDING to YAHUAH as Bridegroom who took them out of Egypt to be His people. They trembled in the camp as YAHUAH had descended on Mt Sinai and it, smoke billowed up it, and it shook violently. Moses led the people out of the camp to the foot of Mt Sinai. The trumpet sound grew louder and louder and Moses spoke and YAHUAH answered him. YAHUAH then descended on Mt Sinai and called Moses up.
TRIP 3 ~ EXODUS 19:20-24 Moses is called up for final Wedding preparations ~ THE PEOPLE SHRINK BACK IN FEAR.  Moses went up by Moses speaking (“we are all here” – basically) and YAHUAH replying to Moses, as He said He would show the people, and this is where the people become exceedingly afraid. We read more of even how afraid Moses was in Hebrew 12:21 ‘so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I am exceedingly afraid and trembling”‘. Moses was told by YAHUAH “Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way up the mountain to see YAHUAH or they will die.” Moses was told to go down and bring Aaron back up with him. (YAHUAH had spoken to Aaron earlier before Moses came back to Egypt and met with Moses here at Mt Sinai ~ EXODUS 4:27. Aaron was told earlier he would be the spokesperson of the people because Moses said he was slow in speech ~ EXODUS 4:10/16) AT THE BOTTOM OF THE MOUNTAIN ~ THE WEDDING TIME IS HERE AND THE BRIDE SENDS MOSES IN PLACE OF THEMSELVES ~ EXODUS 20:18-19, DEUTERONOMY 5:23-31 –> Moses went down to the people and after they had seen the thunder and lightning and smoke and heard the trumpet the people shrank back in fear and stayed at a distance. The people said to Moses when he came back down that they wanted Moses to speak to them instead of YAHUAH as they had heard YAHUAH speak to Moses and believed they would die if He spoke to them. –> The Bride did a “no show” on their wedding day as they shrank back and remained at a distance. Can you imagine if you were the Bridegroom at your wedding and then the “Maid of Honor” comes to tell you that the Bride became afraid of getting married and was sent instead. That’s exactly what occurred JUST PRIOR to receiving the WEDDING VOWS. –> YAHUAH said it was a good thing they were afraid and how if only their hearts would be inclined to fear Him and keep all His commandments. Moses told the people to return to their tents.
TRIP 4 ~ EXODUS 20:21, EXODUS 20:1-17 & DEUTERONOMY 5:2-22 The Ten Commandments, EXODUS chapters 21 to 23 The Book of the Covenant (Statutes and Decrees), DEUTERONOMY 4:12-14, DEUTERONOMY 18:16-18 The announcement of “The Prophet to Come After Moses” who is Yahushua/MesiahThe Wedding continues without the Bride standing anywhere close to the Bridegroom ~ Moses mediates the THE WEDDING ***TERMS AND CONDITIONS***   The people had already left the WEDDING LOCATION at the base of Mt Sinai in fear, and was told to return to their tents. Moses goes now back up on Trip 4 and Aaron is not with him as instructed on Trip 3. It can be assumed that Aaron shrank back in fear with the rest of the people as we will see he is highly influential. THE WEDDING IS ALL READY TO TAKE PLACE AND WE HAVE NO BRIDE AND NO SPOKESPERSON FOR THE PEOPLE. THE ORIGINAL PLAN TAKES ITS FIRST CHANGE IN COURSE OF DIRECTION. YAHUAH comes up with an alternative plan to still marry and dwell with the people who are deafly afraid in their flesh. THE WEDDING does take place with the Bride at a far distance back at their tents as Moses stands on the mountain between Yahuah and the people. Yahuah speaks the WEDDING VOWS by speaking His TEN WORDS (mistranslated as The Ten Commandments).  There is a clear separation between the presence of YAHUAH and the people as they rejected Him out of fear.  As such, YAHUAH’s alternative plan is now to divide Himself from the people to allow being with them in their proximity, but barricaded off.
During the next trip of forty days (Trip 5) Moses is shown “the Heavenly Pattern” of the tabernacle structure to build according to the pattern shown on the mountain. This was a copy and shadow of what is in heaven (Hebrews 8:5) and the one to come from heaven was Yahusha/Jesus to change the people.  Here is how we know for certain this next trip (Trip 5) is about Yahusha/ as we connect the dots to exactly what “law and commandments” of this “Heavenly Pattern” Moses is told in Exodus 24:12 he is coming to receive: Moses shares in Deuteronomy what occurred 40 years earlier at this junction of scripture. Pay close attention: DEUTERONOMY 18:15-16, ACTS 3:22  YAHUAH your Elohim will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear, according to all you desired of YAHUAH your Elohim in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying ‘Let me not hear again the voice of YAHUAH my Elohim, nor let me see this great fire anymore, lest I die.’ SUMMARY OF MOSES’ CRITICAL WORDS IN DEUTERONOMY 18:15-16
  • There is a Prophet like Moses coming in the future.  We know this Prophet is Yahusha/Jesus as Peter quotes this verse in Acts 3:22
  • The timing of of this statement was 40 years earlier in Horeb (where Mt Sinai is) and it was on the day of the assembly, which is the day of the Wedding happening here on Trip 4.
  • To further peg the timing of this statement, it was the trip before on Trip 3 that the people rejected YAHUAH by saying “Let me not hear again the VOICE of YHWH or we will die” and so they sent Moses here on Trip 4 instead.
We have to enter the story at this moment and realize what is occurring with the promised Prophet going to come.   The fear of the bride, in their fleshly state of being is what is meant in Hebrews 8:7 when YAHUAH “found fault with the people”, and not fault with His Covenant ~ the Ten Words. The Word became flesh and dwelt (John 1:14) amongst them (as the Prophet like Moses to come) to change the people by writing His covenant, The Ten Words, on the people’s hearts and minds (Hebrews 8:8-10), changing the people. He will cause the people who put faith in Him to be “born again” (John 3:3, John 3:7, 1 Peter 1:23) by writing these laws/the covenant on their hearts and minds and give them His Spirit. (YAHUAH speaks His Covenant) ***TERMS AND CONDITIONS*** The ORIGINAL ORAL PLAN and also the New Covenant written on a born again heart and mind
1  I am YAHUAH your Elohim who brought you out of Egypt
2  Have no other gods and make no idols
3  Do not take the Name of YAHUAH your Elohim in vain
4  Remember the Sabbath day to keep it Set Apart (Holy)
5  Honor your father and mother
6  Do not murder
Do not commit adultery
8   Do not steal
9  Do not bear false witness
10  Do not covet your neighbors possessions Moses is also given THE BOOK OF THE COVENANT (Exodus chapter 21 to 23) which was the initial statutes and decrees of this first covenant alternative arrangement —> in other words, the Book of the Covenant was given to Moses on this 4th trip to give instructions (laws) to the people of how to administer THE COVENANT, THE TEN WORDS, amongst themselves as now (for the first time in history since Adam) an entire nation is entering into COVENANT with YAHUAH. They were needing more instructions as a community than the SPOKEN COVENANT since they had already shrunk back in fear and needed to be changed.  Take note that Moses speaks of this Trip (Trip 4) of getting both the TEN WORDS, THE COVENANT, and also THE BOOK OF THE COVENANT forty years later here in Deuteronomy: DEUTERONOMY 4:13-14 So He declared to you HIS COVENANT which He commanded you to perform, THE TEN WORD (COMMANDMENTS); and He wrote them on two tablets of stone. And YAHUAH COMMANDED ME at that time to teach you statutes and judgments (THE BOOK OF THE COVENANT), that you might observe them in the land which you cross over to possess. SUMMARY OF DEUTERONOMY 4:13-14 (speaking of Trip 4 forty years earlier)
  • He spoke HIS COVENANT which is THE TEN WORDS 
  • At that time (of the speaking of His covenant) YAHUAH gave Moses statutes and judgments (THE BOOK OF THE COVENANT) to teach the people
***AS A SIDE NOTE* there are some who believe there is a cookie cutter break of the Book of the Covenant and the Book of the Law at Exodus 24:12. This is a gross oversimplification. Exodus 24:12 is forty days before the sin of the golden calf, which they say Exodus 24:12 is a result of the golden calf. The Book of the Law is actually a covenant added to “The Law of Moses” (WHICH WAS INSTITUTED AS A RESULT OF THE SIN OF THE GOLDEN CALF) given on the 7th trip, which is the Book of Deuteronomy*** AT THE BOTTOM OF THE MOUNTAIN ***THE SIGNATURE*** ~ EXODUS 24:3-8 —> Moses goes down and takes THE BOOK OF THE COVENANT and blood ratifies It (***THE SIGNATURE***) as the people agree to the COVENANT and it’s statutes and decrees. Moses sprinkles the blood on the book and the people and the agreement is in place.  Aaron is given the BOOK OF THE COVENANT as his job was officiate it among the people as the spokesperson which he will be given instructions to do so on the next Trip 5 after the marriage supper.
TRIP 5 ~ EXODUS 24:9-EXODUS 32:16 Half way is the marriage supper with 70 elders and Moses and Joshua go the rest of the way for 40 days ~  THE “HEAVENLY PATTERN” OF THE MESSIAH 
A) PART WAY POINT —> Moses comes up with Joshua and the 70 elders and they have a Marriage Supper celebration.  Aaron has the Book of the Covenant and Moses instructs Aaron and the elders to STAY WHERE THEY ARE if anybody has a problem they are to come up to himself and the elders to receive decisions/judgments settling disputes (Aaron and the people blow this big time as they ended up going down Moses disappeared for long time up in the cloud).
B) COMLETE JOURNEY —> Moses and Joshua go further up for 40 days and 40 nights and they enter the cloud for this alternative arrangement of dividing Yahuah (Bridegroom) from the people (Bride).  Moses receives THE PATTERN OF MESSIAH: What Moses received upon his complete journey for 40 days is called a copy and shadow of what is in heaven according to Hebrews 8:5.  We know that the what is was in heaven was Yahusha/Jesus who came from heaven.   The placement of Hebrews 8:5 shows us this “pattern” of about THE NEW COVENANT (Hebrews 8:8-12) as this was NOT the ORIGINAL PLAN by giving man in their flesh opportunity to enter covenant on their own power.
The Father is setting the stage for His Son to come as this pattern as they will carry the funeral casket (the Ark of the Covenant) of the Messiah with the Ten Words (He is the Living Word) written on stone inside for the majority of the first covenant (until the House of Israel and Judah are distinct).  This PATTERN is shown Moses as it is determined HIS PROPHET will come in the future (as just told Moses)  to die for the Bride by first preparing the casket (the Ark of the Covenant) and as His body in the flesh is being prepared. This verse below is quoting Psalm 40:6 which David knew the Ark of the Covenant was where the Messiah dwelt: HEBREWS 10:5 Therefore, when He came into the world, He said: “Sacrifice and offering You did not desire, but A BODY YOU HAVE PREPARED FOR ME. This alternative plan is be a way He can still dwell in the midst of the Bride by dividing Himself (the Tabernacle structure) from them, while all the instructions given here in Exodus chapters 25 through 31 are all temporary physical issues which when the Prophet comes like Moses is the spiritual reason these instructions are pointing to Him as the heavenly pattern of:
  • The Tabernacle instructions (The Body of Messiah and His Kingdom arrangement of believers and separation between the faithful and unfaithful)
  • The High Priest instructions for Aaron & sons (the temporary spokesman as the only human who could enter His presence once a year until the Messiah comes to tear the veil as the our SPOKESMAN)
  • The Ark of the Covenant (the funeral casket of the Messiah)
  • The Two Stone Tablets, the WEDDING VOWS (the COVENANT LAWS Yahusha/ Messiah to be later written on our hearts and minds in the New Covenant, changing the people)
  • These Laws are Written on our hearts ~ The Ten Words/The Ten Commandments
  • Yahusha/Messiah’, The Living Word/The Ten Words now lives INSIDE of the believer 
  • We are now the Tabernacle of our Creator (1 Peter 2:5) as we carry the Tablets written on tablets of flesh ~ 2 Corinthians 3:3 This is why upon Yahushua/Jesus’ death he tore the veil in two as written in Hebrews 9:8 of the mystery: “the Set Apart Spirit indicating this, that the way into the Holiest of All was not yet made manifest while the first tabernacle was still standing”
  • Yahusha/Messiah’ blood cleanses our evil conscience ~ ending the need for sacrifices giving us a new nature able to overcome sin and unbelief, which they could not accomplish in their flesh
  • Satan has been defeated by now a spiritual inward covenant as Satan overcame those of the natural physical first covenant ~ the authority of life eternal given to the Son of Adam/Man
Favor is being given the spiritual authority to go before our High Priest (as opposed to no authority in the first covenant) to repent of our own sins and make yourself set apart (holy) by NOT breaking the COVENANT (by stopping our sinful patterns) as well as the privilege to mediate between other people in the keeping of the ways of the Kingdom and intercession (prayer) for each other who are battling with the ruler of this world, Satan. Grace is NOT the overlooking of sin (as so often taught in Christian circles, i.e. “we are all just sinners”) but rather the POWER to not sin anymore because of this privileged access of His presence. By abusing this privilege is what Hebrews 10:29 means is “insulting the spirit of grace”. AT THE BOTTOM OF THE MOUNTAIN ~ THE PEOPLE COMMIT ADULTERY BEFORE THEY RECEIVE THE WRITTEN AGREEMENT ~ PUNISHMENT & ATONEMENT REQUIRED FOR A BROKEN BLOOD RATIFIED COVENANT ~ EXODUS 32:17-35, DEUTERONOMY 9:7-21 —> while near day 40 on the mountain and with two stone tablets in his hand, Moses is told to “GO DOWN FOR THE PEOPLE HAVE CORRUPTED THEMSELVES AND MADE GODS BEFORE THEM SAYING THIS THESE ARE THE ONES WHO TOOK THEM OUT OF EGYPT”. Yahuah was going to destroy the people and make a nation from Moses, but Moses intercedes by pleading on the unconditional blood covenant Yahuah made with Abraham, and so Yahuah relents from destroying them. Moses sees the people singing and dancing over the golden calf they made and shatters the stone tablets, BREAKING THE COVENANT. The deal is OVER.  Done. This event and subsequent two trips are CRUCIAL to see what is going on here.  Most all “TORAH” people completely miss what is going on because of their incorrect doctrine that the word “LAW” or “TORAH” means “FIRST FIVE BOOKS OF MOSES”, whereas not within one verse  does the word “Law” in SCRIPTURE mean this.  “Torah” is an acronym.  The word literally means “instructions” and most often is accurately defined as “the instructions of the covenant” ~ the question then is: “what covenant are the instructions given”. –> Moses then asks WHO IS ON YAHUAH’S SIDE and Moses’ fellow clansman the Levites step forward. They are told to kill their brothers with swords as a broken blood covenant requires atonement. This is very important for believers to understand that JUDGMENT is coming for those breaking the blood covenant we have in the New Covenant with the Messiah. The Levites instructions are to strap on swords and end up killing 3000 of their fellow brothers. There is a very stiff penalty and consequences for a broken blood covenant. These consequences are far worse in the New Covenant in Messiah as FAVOR makes us much more accountable to sin and unbelief to give us courage and strength to overcome because: The Levites end up becoming the PRIESTS (AND BRIDE) of the first covenant because they repented, which we will see on TRIP 6 & TRIP 7 the forgiveness sought for and granted, and the alternative covenant arrangement replacing first set of stone tablets called THE LAW OF MOSES being the alternative agreement, and the Messenger/Angel of Yahuah is sent with them who is the pre-incarnate Messiah.
TRIP 6 ~ EXODUS 32:31-34:3 Moses goes up to intercede for the breaking of the covenant ~ Yahuah sends punishment, rearranges the plan in Trip 7, as His forgiveness and grace is not to destroy them. After narrowly escaping annihilation by their worshipping the calf thanks to Moses pleading the blood covenant promise made to their ancestor Abraham, Moses goes up to intercede for the people, ask for forgiveness and to allow the people to continue to the land. Moses is told all who sinned against me will be blotted out of “My Book” and a plague struck the people. Yahuah told the people to go to the LAND promised Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob (their ancestors) by He (the Bridegroom) will not go with them because if He did He would destroy them.  To see the HEART OF YAHUAH it is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT because this shows us WHY the next trip is a completely different covenantal agreement making Moses THE LAWGIVER (THE LAW OF –> MOSES).  The people are very sad to hear He won’t go with them and they take off their idol ornaments. The entire point of getting MARRIED here (and goal from the broken covenant with Adam in the Garden) was to then dwell together in THE LAND PROMISED BY BLOOD COVENANT TO ABRAHAM & HIS DESCENDANTS. This original COVENANT OFFER was the fulfilment of the BLOOD COVENANT spanning 400 years ~ according to the terms and conditions promised to Abraham.  This LAND is the KINGDOM COMING for 1000 years upon Jesus/Yahusha coming for the FAITHFUL BRIDE to set up His Kingdom. (“Heaven” is NOT ever the destination for any person but to hope to dwell with the Bridegroom in the land promised Abraham’s descendants). They didn’t even make it fully through the wedding and the receive of the wedding vows. Yahuah agrees to then send His Messenger/Angel (The pre-incarnate Messiah Jesus/Yahusha) before them and Moses is told to come up a seventh time to receive what???? THE LAW OF –> MOSES, as Moses will become LAWGIVER as now all instructions will go through Moses from Him speaking to the Messiah in the Tent of Meeting. MOSES SEPARATES HIMSELF – EXODUS 33:12-18 Moses then set up a tent outside the camp separate the rejected people and spoke FACE to FACE with Yahuah from the tent. This was also the Messiah as Messenger/Angel He was speaking to from the tent. And, because of Moses’ actions this 6th time up and persistence to ask Yahuah “to show me your Esteem/Honor(glory)” Yahuah TRANSFERRED His Esteem/Honor(glory) and authority to Moses.  Look closely at Moses’ aggression to know this is the ONLY way for His presence to continue to proceed and then Yahuah granted it to Him: EXODUS 33:12-18 Then Moses said to Yahuah, “See, You say to me, ‘Bring up this people.’ But You have not let me know whom You will send with me. Yet You have said, ‘I know you by name, and you have also found Favor(grace) in My sight.’ Now therefore, I pray, if I have found Favor in Your sight, show me now Your way, that I may know You and that I may find Favorin Your sight. And consider that this nation is Your people.” And He said, “My Presence will go with you, and I will give you rest.” Then he said to Him, “If Your Presence does not go with us, do not bring us up from here. For how then will it be known that Your people and I have found favor in Your sight, except You go with us?  So we shall be separate, Your people and I, from all the people who are upon the face of the earth.” So Yahuah said to Moses, “I will also do this thing that you have spoken; for you have found Favor(grace) in My sight, and I know you by name.” And he said, “Please, show me Your Esteem/Honor(glory).  MOSES’ REQUEST GRANTED AND HE BECOMES LAWGIVER EXODUS 33:19-23 Then He said, “I will make all My goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim the name of Yahuah before you. I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.” But He said, “You cannot see My face; for no man shall see Me, and live.” And Yahuah said, “Here is a place by Me, and you shall stand on the rock. So it shall be, while My Esteem/Honor(glory) passes by, that I will put you in the cleft of the rock, and will cover you with My hand while I pass by. Then I will take away My hand, and you shall see My back; but My face shall not be seen.”
TRIP 7 ~ EXODUS CHAPTER 34, DEUTERONOMY 9:24-10:5, BOOK OF LEVITICUS ***ATTENTION***this is the LAW OF MOSES A temporary covenant called “The Law of Moses” is entered with Moses ~ Moses becomes Lawgiver and receives the Book of Leviticus which includes the sacrificial system  Moses carves out his own two sets of stone tablets (As opposed to Yahuah carving out the first two) and goes up again for 40 days and 40 nights. Yahuah writes the same covenant, The Ten Words/Commandments as the first set but now the agreement is completely CHANGED:
  •  Moses is made mediator and lawgiver
  • The Levites become the priests to assist Aaron
  • The other 11 tribes lose their firstborn status and proximity to the Bridegroom by losing their priesthood offer of the original agreement
  • The sacrificial system of temporary sacrifices is now instituted (part of this agreement/1st seven chapters of Leviticus)
  • As Leviticus is given on this 40 day trip, we see the Feast of Trumpets and Day of Atonement added (to the original 3 Feasts/wedding anniversaries) for specific reasons as they both have to do with work the Messiah (the prophet to come after Moses) needed to fix when He comes
This is THE LAW OF MOSES (scripturally defined) is “the law that was added for transgressions” (Galatians 3:19) and “the schoolmaster” (Galatians 3:24) and “the changing of the Priesthood resulting in the ‘law’ changing as this TEMPORARY COVENANT was not perfect” (Hebrews 7:11-12,19). Moses comes down the mountain with the second set of stone tablets written with Yahuah’s finger and Moses’ FACE WAS VEILED as he becomes LAWGIVER (LAW OF –> MOSES) and the people cannot see his face as the glory (esteem) of Yahuah is transferred to him. The book of Leviticus is given Moses during this 40 day trip and is the statutes and decrees of this temporary covenant. The Book of Leviticus was WRITTEN BY THE HAND OF MOSES (Leviticus 8:36, Leviticus 10:11, Leviticus 26:46), although remember the stone tablets were written by the hand of Yahuah. This is the distinction to be made in the New Testament writings of the difference between “The Law of Moses” an “The Law of Elohim” ~ being the Ten Words/Commandments. The first 7 chapters of Leviticus, part of the covenant ~ THE LAW OF MOSES, are instructions on how the people are to approach Yahuah in their different offerings and sacrifices. This is what everybody misses that the SACRIFICIAL SYSTEM came on this seventh trip and is attached to THE TEMPORARY COVENANT (scripturally called THE LAW OF –> MOSES) which replaced THE ORIGINAL COVENANT (THE FIRST SET OF STONE TABLETS AND BOOK OF THE COVENANT) as a temporary solution to make the people atone for each individual sin they commit as they were walking outside of blood covenant protection as that first offer was BROKEN and not re-established, but rather though Moses the mediator. THE BOOK OF LEVITICUS IS THE STATUTES AND DECREES OF THIS TEMPORARY COVENANT WHICH WILL GOVERN OVER THOSE OF THE FIRST COVENANT FOR 1500 YEARS UNTIL THE MESSIAH COMES TO EARTH, CALLED THE LAW OF MOSES, IS ALSO GIVEN TO MOSES ON THIS 40 DAY TRIP 7 LEVITICUS 7:38-39 This is the law of the burnt offering, the grain offering, the sin offering, the trespass offering, the consecrations, and the sacrifice of the peace offering, which Yahuah commanded Moses on Mount Sinai LEVITICUS 25:1 And Yahuah spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai, saying, LEVITICUS 26:46 These are the statutes and judgments and laws which Yahuah made between Himself and the children of Israel on Mount Sinai by the hand of Moses. LEVITICUS 27:34 These are the commandments which Yahuah commanded Moses for the children of Israel on Mount Sinai. SUMMARY The people needed to be changed inwardly (Hebrews 8:7) and given a Helper (John 14:16) so WE CAN BOLDLY COME BEFORE THE FATHER, THE THRONE OF FAVOR/GRACE (Hebrews 4:16) with the power of the Spirit of Messiah within us (Galatians 4:6, Colossians 1:27) –> because these SPOKEN TEN WORD (Ten Commandments) is the COVENANT written on our hearts and minds (Jeremiah 31:31-33, Hebrews 8:8-10), and it is THE LIVING WORD (TEN WORDS) who you will see on Trip 4 who is going to come some day “as the prophet to come after Moses which we must listen to” (Deuteronomy 18:18, Acts 3:22) to make good on this covenant offer on behalf of His promise to Abraham:   (HIS PROMISE FULFILLMENT TO ABRAHAM IS YOU AND ME!!!)  GENESIS 15:5 Then He brought him outside and said, “Look now toward heaven, and count the stars if you are able to number them.” And He said to him, “So shall your descendants be. ROMANS 4:18 contrary to hope, in hope believed, so that he became the father of many nations, according to what was spoken, “So shall your descendants be.” Congratulations!  By coming to the Savior you have made the heavenly Father add another “star in the sky” for Abraham, but you must RUN THE RACE by keeping this COVENANT, THE TEN WORDS, written on your heart and mind to JOIN HIM IN THE PROMISED LAND.  Join us as we keep and teach these commandments to be found THE GREATEST IN THE KINGDOM (Matthew 5:19).
*** a special side note*** for almost a year our brother Ken Kerr in our study group with Jason and I would share how important Moses making seven trips up the mountain. In fact, it became his intro to people on the street. He would say “How many times did Moses go up and down Mt Sinai” as an ice breaker. I did not put much weight on his findings nor did I think it was even that important to know until the DAY that I found a MAJOR piece of these 7 trips which was the timing of WHEN Yahuah told Moses that “A PROPHET WOULD COME AFTER MOSES” speaking of His Son. This timing above was mentioned on Moses’ third trips and was just BEFORE THE WEDDING on trip FOUR. This shows us how significant the NEW COVENANT/NEW MARRIAGE AGREEMENT was as if you and I are standing boldly before Yahuah on that third initial trip because we have been changed. The WORD was supposed to change them on TRIP THREE by hearing the Bride hearing the Bridegrooms VOICE (My Sheep Hear My Voice) but the WORD then needed to be brought to earth to place the WORD inside of us. Do you see this? This is so powerful. I was overfilled with excitement and all of a sudden these 7 trips in my eyes went from being a novelty to being the single most important scriptural piece of interpretation within the COVENANT PLAN OF YAH. It is an absolute GOLD MINE OF TREASURES knowing these 7 trips. Hats off to our blood covenant brother Ken***

“THE LAW OF MOSES” established on Moses’ seventh trip up Mt Sinai as a result of the sin of the GOLDEN CALF


This purpose and goal of this article is to zoom in upon the events which transpired some 3500 years ago at Mt Sinai to properly define the most important (there is no close second) scriptural phrase: THE LAW OF MOSES”
There are two general camps of believers who read New Testament passages through their doctrinal belief of “Law” and side with others of the same belief system as to what the verses mean to them. The two groups of “Law” camps:


This group clearly sees “the Law of Moses” has indeed “ended” (Romans 10:4) and could NOT justify a person as it cannot get clearer than this verse here:
“Therefore, my friends, I want you to know that through Yahusha (the New Covenant) the forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you. Through him everyone who believes is set free from every sin, a justification you were not able to obtain UNDER THE LAW OF MOSES. ACTS 13:39
The problem, however, they do NOT see there was an original plan which was supposed to have concluded on trip 3 with the SPEAKING of the TERMS of the COVENANT, the Ten Words (Commandments). This article is not addressing this subject matter. Please see this article for this important panoramic view of all seven trips Moses made:


The one obstacle they just cannot see is that “the Law” could NOT possibly have changed because somehow they assign the phrase “The Law of Moses” to mean “the first five books of Moses” of which I must emphatically state that there is not one time in all of scripture are the phrases: “Law of Moses”, “Law”, “Law and Prophets”, or “Book of the Law” scripturally defined as “the first five books of Moses”, but rather each of these words/phrases have a very specific covenant definition and meaning to them.
To demonstrate this change in “law” is why this article is written to help straighten out so many errant doctrines associated with not seeing this, such as supporting polygamy to denying blood sacrifices to even denying the Son came from divine origin. Defining “the Law of Moses” scripturally accurate is way more important than one could imagine. Please do not reject for something I am NOT saying in this article. Every instruction has its proper covenant place as to whether it is valid or not. Clean vs unclean foods came through the covenant with Noah and are for all men since all come from Noah, and the Feast (meaning appointed times) days are anniversaries of the original covenantal agreement designed for Abrahams descendants (whom is everybody in Messiah Yahusha).


Can we all agree of these changes?

1) The Priesthood absolutely changing from Levitical to Melchizedek 2) Blood sacrifices absolutely changing from animals to the blood of the Lamb 3) The high priest position absolutely changing from Aaron to Yahushua/Messiahs 4) The servant priests absolutely changing from the Levites to you and I in Messiah 5) The firstborn inheritance rights absolutely changing from Levites to Ephraim whom are the Nations (Gentiles) in Messiah Yahushua/Messiah 6) The mediator of the covenant absolutely changing from Moses to Yahusha 7) The tabernacle absolutely changing from a physical structure to the body of Yahusha 8) The lawgiver (this is why it is called The Law of —->> Moses) of the covenant (the one with authority to speak YHWH’s laws to the people) absolutely changing from Moses to Yahushua/Messiah. 9) A divorced bride scattered into the Nations absolutely changing to the Nations being brought back into covenant relationship (back into “Israel”) through the blood of the Lamb 10) The writing of the covenant laws (The Ten Commandments) from stone tablets absolutely changing to being written on our hearts and minds 11) Hearts of stone absolutely changing to being given hearts of flesh 12) Not having His presence among us to absolutely changing with “a new Spirit” being the Ruach haQodesh/Set Apart Spirit 13) The god of this world (the serpent/Satan) having authority over man/Adam to absolutely changing by the Son of Man/Seed of the Woman gaining victory at the cross 14) The grave taking every person born in Adam a prisoner to absolutely changing to eternal life through Yahushua/Messiah conquering death and the grave
These are only a short list of fourteen (14) issues of the “first covenant” which hopefully we all could agree upon that absolutely changed with the death, burial and resurrection of Yahushua/Messiah. Can we agree that this is also the “New Covenant” which this group would try arguing is a “Renewed Covenant”?
This article explains how THE COVENANT OFFER, STRUCTURE & AUTHORITY was CHANGED from the ORIGINAL OFFER, STRUCTURE & AUTHORITY because of the sin of the golden calf, making perfect sense of Hebrews 7:11-12. The first ten of fourteen issues listed above CHANGED after the original spoken covenantal offer to make the group a kingdom of priests, a holy nation, and a special treasure possession upon Moses’ 3rd trip which immediately went haywire by the people fearing His voice and sending Moses on their behalf. The “The Law of Moses” ESTABLISHED the Levitical Priesthood issues 1 thru 10 above as they repented by killing 3000 of their brothers for their worship of the golden calf.
“If perfection could have been attained through the Levitical priesthood—and indeed THE LAW (LAW OF MOSES) GIVEN TO THE PEOPLE ESTABLISHED THAT PRIESTHOOD—why was there still need for another priest to come, one in the order of Melchizedek, not in the order of Aaron? For when the priesthood is changed, THE LAW MUST BE CHANGED also. HEBREWS 7:11-12
So, are you in either of these two groups general believe of “Law”? This article is crucial in assisting you in proper interpretation of the Law of Moses”.


We will look at how Exodus 34 is the transition chapter of scripture, which altered the course of fulfilling the covenant promises to Abraham by putting the ORIGINAL PLAN on hold for another 3500 years (1500 years to Yahushua/Messiah first coming and another 2000 years to the Millennial reign). What you are about to read are the events occurring on Moses’ SEVENTH and final trip up Mt Sinai which YHWH had attempted to enter covenant with Abraham’s descendants. There should have only been THREE trips made but two things occurred:
1) the people shrank back in fear upon hearing YHWH’s voice and did not go up the mountain on trip three but sent Moses on their behalf agreeing to hear Moses’ voice but not YHWH’s voice anymore 2) the people were found worshipping the golden calf while Moses was on top of the mountain with YHWH on trip five.
In assembling all the pieces of the covenant puzzle, we have discovered that finding the “why” Moses made seven trips up Mt Sinai is by far the most important piece of scriptural interpretation. Please stay open and allow yourself to enter the story of the events which transpired on Mt Sinai because it is very difficult to change one’s perspective in how they have viewed the scriptures. The details surrounding these trips are all there for us to read, but the relevance of these trips which he met with the Creator on behalf of Abraham’s descendants remains veiled from so many. I have heard “I don’t care if Moses went up 100 times” as if I was only presenting the fact that Moses went up 7 times rather than WHY Moses went up each time to meet with he Creator. In demonstrating how it is in our nature to meet information with opposition and not by faith, I have seen people try to show Moses went up Mt Sinai 10 times, again, as if the amount of times he went up was what we are presenting. Recently, I have heard somebody oppose me saying “I have looked into the seven trips THEORY” as if Moses going up Mt Sinai seven times was some sort of a “theory”. And, just a couple of days ago I was told that “The Law of Moses is not the second set of stone tablets” because the person “is not trying to find a loophole to not obey laws”.
In answering this last statement there are much clearer answers to the storyline when seeing it through an unfolding covenant plan. For those very serious in obeying our Master (which we absolutely are) you will find that by properly dividing scripture by blood covenant exponentially increases the urgency to keep His covenant instructions.
We are going to look at Exodus chapter 34 which was the SEVENTH trip Moses made. Why do I tell you this background that this was the SEVENTH trip you are about to read? I share this emphatically because I have discovered that nobody puts any weight whatsoever in placing scriptural events on a timeline and cannot see how important it is to examine the detail of scripture chronologically. Imagine you are looking at a pretty girl from a distance and when you approached close she wasn’t pretty at all. Maybe she wasn’t even a girl! This is exactly the approach of zooming in close to see detail will do for you. It may cause you to lose doctrines and maybe that is the fear of looking closer. Maybe you want that girl to look pretty from a distance but if she is really ugly why be afraid of looking closer? The same goes with a false doctrine of “The Law/Torah or Moses” believing it is scripturally defined as “the first five books of Moses”. If this is an ugly doctrine causing all kinds of doctrinal error, then why would you be afraid to look closer and zoom in to the details?
Detail can ONLY be examined closely by placing what you are reading in a sequence of events and having a timeline understanding. This is WHY we stress to you that knowing WHY Moses went up Mt Sinai each of his seven times is so crucial.
Before we begin, let’s view YHWH’s attitude and the immediate action He was going to take in response to finding the people worshipping the golden calf. The below response would have taken place had Moses not have interceded on the people’s behalf and pled on the unconditional blood covenant promise YHWH made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob upon hearing what occurred while he was on the mountain on Trip 5 for 40 days and 40 nights. He hadn’t even seen what they were doing yet but was told by YHWH.


And YHWH said to Moses, “Go, get down! For your people whom you brought out of the land of Egypt have corrupted themselves. They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them. They have made themselves a molded calf, and worshiped it and sacrificed to it, and said, ‘This is your god, O Israel, that brought you out of the land of Egypt!’” And YHWH said to Moses, “I have seen this people, and indeed it is a stiff-necked people! Now therefore, let Me alone, that My wrath may burn hot against them and I may consume them. And I will make of you a great nation.” EXODUS 32:7-9
“Then YHWH said to me, ‘Arise, go down quickly from here, for your people whom you brought out of Egypt (CALLING THEM MOSES’ PEOPLE) have acted corruptly; they have quickly turned aside from the way which I commanded them; they have made themselves a molded image.’ “Furthermore YHWH spoke to me, saying, ‘I have seen this people, and indeed they are a stiff-necked people. Let Me alone, that I may destroy them and BLOT OUT THEIR NAME from under heaven; and I will make of you a nation mightier and greater than they.’ DEUTERONOMY 9:13-14


And YHWH said to Moses, “Whoever has sinned against Me, I will blot him out of My book. EXODUS 32:33
The initial agreement had the nation becoming “a kingdom of priests”. Only the Levites repented and the other eleven tribes were stripped of the initial offer. This incident caused Moses to go up another time, Trip 6, to make atonement for their sins as a group which then set the stage for Trip 7 to be given authority himself to speak to the people on behalf of YHWH. This is why this covenantal arrangement is called “The Law of [who]” ~ The Law of [Moses].
Moses’ actions of intercession temporarily saved the people and salvaged the covenant plan. The 7th Trip meeting with YHWH for another 40 days and 40 is what allowed them to continue, with an entirely different arrangement as we will continue to demonstrate, resulting in Moses leading the people.
So I turned and went down from the mountain while it was ablaze with fire. And the two tablets of the covenant were in my hands. When I looked, I saw that you had sinned against YHWH your Elohim; you had made for yourselves an idol cast in the shape of a calf. You had turned aside quickly from the way that YHWH had commanded you. So I took the two tablets and threw them out of my hands, breaking them to pieces before your eyes. Then once again I fell prostrate before YHWH for forty days and forty nights; I ate no bread and drank no water, because of all the sin you had committed, doing what was evil in the YHWH’s sight and so arousing his anger. I feared the anger and wrath of YHWH, for he was angry enough with you to destroy you. But again YHWH listened to me. And YHWH was angry enough with Aaron to destroy him, but at that time I prayed for Aaron too. Also I took that sinful thing of yours, the calf you had made, and burned it in the fire. Then I crushed it and ground it to powder as fine as dust and threw the dust into a stream that flowed down the mountain. DEUTERONOMY 9:15-19
Now I had stayed on the mountain forty days and forty nights, as I did the first time, and YHWH listened to me at this time also. It was not his will to destroy you. “Go,” YHWH said to me, “and lead the people on their way, so that they may enter and possess the land I swore to their ancestors to give them.” DEUTERONOMY 10:10-11


The people shrank back in fear upon hearing YHWH’s voice on trip 3 and did not go up the mountain. This verse in Deuteronomy is telling us exactly what Moses was told 40 years earlier when this event occurred.
(spoken to Moses on TRIP 3, 40 years earlier) “YHWH your Elohim will raise up for you a Prophet like me from your midst, from your brethren. Him you shall hear, according to all you desired of YHWH your Elohim in Horeb in the day of the assembly (SPEAKING OF MT SINAI), saying, ‘Let me not hear again the voice of YHWH my Elohim (THEY REJECTED HEARING HIS VOICE DIRECTLY), nor let me see this great fire anymore, lest I die “And YHWH said to me: ‘What they have spoken is good. I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him. (THIS WILL BE “THE LAW/MINISTRY OF YAHUSHUA MESSIAH”) And it shall be that whoever will not hear My words, which He speaks in My name, I will require it of him.’ DEUTERONOMY 18:15-19


This TRANSITION at Mt Sinai which I am now going to describe to you the events surrounding the SEVENTH TRIP Moses made is what is scripturally defined as:


EXODUS CHAPTER 34 (the 7th trip Moses made as a direct result of the people worshipping the golden calf and the first set of stone tablets)

verses 1 & 2, 5 to 8, 27 to 35


And YHWH said to Moses, “Cut two tablets of stone like the first ones, and I will write on these tablets the words that were on the first tablets which you broke. So be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself to Me there on the top of the mountain. EXODUS 34:-2


Now YHWH descended in the cloud and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of YHWH. And YHWH passed before him and proclaimed, “YHWH, YHWH Elohim, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abounding in goodness and truth, keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children and the children’s children to the third and the fourth generation.” So Moses made haste and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshiped. Then he said, “If now I have found grace in Your sight, O YHWH, let my Lord, I pray, go among us, even though we are a stiff-necked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us as Your inheritance.” EXODUS 34:5-8


Then Moses said to YHWH, “See, You say to me, ‘Bring up this people.’ But You have not let me know whom You will send with me. Yet You have said, ‘I know you by name, and you have also found grace in My sight.’ EXODUS 33:12
(this is what was told in Exodus 33 what will happen when YHWH descends in the cloud and stood with Moses when he went up on trip 7) So YHWH said to Moses, “I will also do this thing that you have spoken; for you have found grace in My sight, and I know you by name.” And he said, “Please, show me Your glory.”Then He said, “I will make all My goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim the name of YHWH before you. I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.” But He said, “You cannot see My face; for no man shall see Me, and live.” And YHWH said, “Here is a place by Me, and you shall stand on the rock. So it shall be, while My glory passes by, that I will put you in the cleft of the rock, and will cover you with My hand while I pass by. Then I will take away My hand, and you shall see My back; but My face shall not be seen.” EXODUS 33:18-23


Then YHWH said to Moses, “Write these words, for according to the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you (with Moses) and with Israel.” So he was there with YHWH forty days and forty nights; he neither ate bread nor drank water. And He wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments. EXODUS 34:27-28


Now it was so, when Moses came down from Mount Sinai (and the two tablets of the Testimony were in Moses’ hand when he came down from the mountain), that Moses did not know that the skin of his face shone while he talked with Him. So when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone, and they were afraid to come near him. EXODUS 34:29-30


Then Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned to him; and Moses talked with them. Afterward all the children of Israel came near, and he gave them as commandments all that YHWH had spoken with him on Mount Sinai. EXODUS 34:31-32


And when Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a veil on his face. But whenever Moses went in before YHWH to speak with Him, he would take the veil off until he came out; EXODUS 34:33


and he would come out and speak to the children of Israel whatever he had been commanded. And whenever the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’ face shone, then Moses would put the veil on his face again, until he went in to speak with Him. EXODUS 34:34-35


Moses took his tent and pitched it outside the camp, far from the camp, and called it the tabernacle of meeting. And it came to pass that everyone who sought YHWH went out to the tabernacle of meeting which was outside the camp. So it was, whenever Moses went out to the tabernacle, that all the people rose, and each man stood at his tent door and watched Moses until he had gone into the tabernacle. And it came to pass, when Moses entered the tabernacle, that the pillar of cloud descended and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and YHWH talked with Moses. All the people saw the pillar of cloud standing at the tabernacle door, and all the people rose and worshiped, each man in his tent door. So YHWH spoke to Moses face to face, as a man speaks to his friend. And he would return to the camp, but his servant Joshua the son of Nun, a young man, did not depart from the tabernacle. EXODUS 33:7-11


Before we look at 2 Corinthians chapter 3 please realize that there was an ORIGINAL SPOKEN PLAN given at Mt Sinai which “The Prophet to come after Moses” was told will come in the future upon Moses’ 3rd trip after the people shrank back in fear and did not come up the mountain with Moses. This Prophet to come (being Yahushua/Messiah) wrote the Ten Words, the SPOKEN TERMS OF THE COVENANT, on our hearts and minds in the New Covenant (Jeremiah 31:31-33/Hebrews 8:8-10) and renewed the spoken offer of making the people: 1) A kingdom of Priests, 2) A set apart (holy) nation, and 3) His special treasured possession (Exodus 19:4-6, 1 Peter 2:9)




~ We are an epistle of Messiah written on tablets of hearts by the Spirit of Elohim VERSES written on tablets of stone
You are our epistle written in our hearts, known and read by all men; clearly you are an epistle of Messiah, ministered by us, written not with ink but by the Spirit of the living Elohim, NOT ON TABLETS OF STONE but on tablets of flesh, that is, of the heart. And we have such trust through Christ toward God. 2 CORINTHIANS 3:2-4
~ We are made ministers of the new covenant by the Spirit (INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN US DIRECTLY BY THE SPIRIT OF TRUTH) VERSES by the letter (TOLD TO THEM BY A MEDIATOR, MOSES)
Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think of anything as being from ourselves, but our sufficiency is from Elohim, who also made us sufficient as ministers of the new covenant, NOT OF THE LETTER but of the Spirit; 2 CORINTHIANS 3:5-6
~ We have been given the ministry of righteousness VERSES the ministry of condemnation, the ministry of death, which The Law of Moses (second set of stone tablets, covenant) came with a penalty of immediate death for breaking the law. We receive grace by giving us time to become righteous and quite sinning.
for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life. But if THE MINISTRY OF DEATH, WRITTEN AND ENGRAVED ON STONES, was glorious, so that the children of Israel COULD NOT LOOK STEADILY AT THE FACE OF MOSES BECAUSE OF THE GLORY OF HIS COUNTENANCE, which glory was passing away, how will the ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious? For if THE MINISTRY OF CONDEMNATION HAD GLORY, the ministry of righteousness exceeds much more in glory. For even what was made glorious had no glory in this respect, because of the glory that excels. For if what is passing away was glorious, what remains is much more glorious.
~ We have boldness of speech VERSES not being able to look at Moses
Therefore, since we have such hope, we use great boldness of speech— unlike Moses, who PUT A VIEL OVER HIS FACE so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at THE END (THE END OF THE LAW OF MOSES ~ ROMANS 10:4) of what was passing away. But their minds were blinded.
~ The viel remains for those under the first covenant VERSES the viel is taken away in Messiah.
We have unveiled faces and have His glory being transformed to same image from glory to glory
by the Spirit of YHWH.
For until this day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of the Old Testament, because the veil is taken away in Messiah. But even to this day, when Moses is read, a veil lies on their heart. Nevertheless when one turns to the Master, the veil is taken away. Now YHWH is the Spirit; and where the Spirit of YHWH is, there is liberty. But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of YHWH, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as by the Spirit of YHWH. 2 CORINTHIANS 3:2-18



  • The covenant was made with Moses, the second set of stone tablets
  • This covenant was not blood ratified as opposed to the first plan which was (Exodus 24:7-8)
  • There was no acceptance on the people’s part because it was a “take it or leave it agreement” being mediated on their behalf by Moses
  • There was no covenant meal as opposed to the first agreement they broke (Exodus 24:12)
  • YHWH called the people Moses’ people
  • The ORIGINAL SPOKEN OFFER came with CONDITIONS that “If they obey My voice” and “keep My covenant” they would become a kingdom of priests and holy nation. They both REJECTED HIS VOICE by shrinking back in fear by sending Moses on their behalf and they then BROKE HIS COVENANT with the sin of the golden calf
  • The Levites killed 3000 as punishment for breaking of the covenant by worshipping the golden calf. They in turn TRANSITIONED and received the PRIESTHOOD. This verse clearly states this TRANSITION that they received the priesthood THROUGH THE LAW OF MOSES (GIVEN ON THE SEVENTH TRIP): HEBREWS 7:11-12 Therefore, if perfection were through the Levitical priesthood (for under it the people received the law/THE LAW OF MOSES), what further need was there that another priest should rise according to the order of Melchizedek, and not be called according to the order of Aaron? For the priesthood being changed, of necessity there is also a change of the law (THE LAW OF MOSES to THE LAW OF MESSIAH).
  • The other 11 tribes were EXCHANGED their firstborn inheritance rights with the Levites. This is an extremely important issue to know, because without firstborn inheritance rights you WILL NOT RECEIVE YOUR INHERITANCE. By us not being found sinning as they did at Mt Sinai we will not be disqualified with our inheritance rights as being made FIRSTBORN in Messiah.
  • Moses moved his tent outside the camp
  • Moses received YHWH’s Esteem and Honor.
  • Moses met with Him face to face, above the mercy seat and in between the cherubim of the ark of the Covenant, inside his tent
  • Moses wore a veil to cover his face
  • Moses now, from this point on, is the only one who will give “instructions/laws” to the people. He becomes “THE LAWGIVER” and that is the reason the straightforward definition of this covenant is called THE LAW [of who?] MOSES!!!
  • The instructions for the Book of Leviticus was simultaneously given on this SEVENTH TRIP Moses made for 40 days. The first seven chapters are the SACRIFICIAL SYSTEM. The sacrificial system is directly attached to this covenant as the Book of Leviticus is the statutes and decrees of administering this covenant.
SCRIPTURAL INTERPRETATION COMES TO LIFE by defining “The Law of Moses” as a temporary covenant that ENDED with the New Covenant
These are just a few verses describing “The Law of Moses” as a temporary covenant.
“ENDED” (Romans 10:4)
“WAS FULFILLED” (Matthew 5:17)
“NOT OF FAITH” (Galatians 3:12)
“KEPT UNDER GUARD BY” (Galatians 3:23)
“THE GUARDIAN/TUTOR” (Galatians 3:24)
“WAS ‘UNTIL’ JOHN” (Luke 16:16)
“WAS ‘UNTIL’ SHILOH COMES” (Genesis 49:10)
“PUT THEM ‘UNDER LAW’” (Romans 6:14-15)
“FREED FROM THE LAW” (Romans 7:4)
“NOBODY IS JUSTIFIED BY” (Galatians 3:11)
“MINISTRY OF DEATH” (2 Corinthians 3:7)
“MINISTRY OF CONDEMNATION” (2 Corinthians 3:9)














The Great Tribulation of Matthew 24

This Olivet Discourse Deception study is about the time of Great Tribulation that Messiah described in Matthew 24.


Note: There are several different times of ‘great tribulation‘ that are defined in the New Testament; which do not point to the same period of time.

One was fulfilled when Satan used the Roman Empire to try to wipe out the Early Church, killing 10 million saints.

Another was fulfilled during the 1,260 years of the reign of the antichrist Popes of Rome, from 538-1798 A.D.; when they killed over 50 million saints. Read 1,260 Years Of Great Tribulation

The other one will be covered on this study.

The proper context of the Olivet Discourse is not the end times, but rather about Messiah’s proclamation that the temple in Jerusalem would be destroyed.

The disciples understood the prophecy in Daniel 9, and they were inquiring about when Messiah would cause the temple and city to be destroyed, thus ending the latter days of the Jews, who Messiah had just berated in Matthew 23.

Matthew is the only one who wrote about the ‘end of the world’, Luke and Mark did not. It should be rendered as ‘age‘, as it points to the latter days of the Jews, from when they were released from Babylon, until the temple was destroyed in 70 A.D.

Daniel 9:26 warned the Jews that the temple and city would be desolated. Daniel understood this to mean that because the Jews would deliver the Messiah up to be killed, they would be desolated. This is why Daniel was so distraught.

and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.”

Siege of Jerusalem by the Roman army, the people of the prince Daniel 9

In Matthew 24:20-22, Messiah warned about the coming time of Great Tribulation, which Daniel had foretold:

And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day: For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened.

Note: The command for the saints to flee Judea is very specific to the saints in the first century, and can’t apply to saints in the end times where there is no Judea. Praying that their flight would not be on the Sabbath applies to the first century, when the Jewish leaders would have closed the city gates and prohibited them from walking out of the city; which does not apply to the end times.

Then in Matthew 24:34 Messiah told us that all of the things that He just proclaimed would be fulfilled in that generation:

Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.”

Some people dismiss His words by saying that He was not referring to that generation, but His words to the Jews of His day reveal that He was indeed talking about them:

For as Jonas was a sign unto the Ninevites, so shall also the Son of man be to this generation. Luke 11:30

But first must he suffer many things, and be rejected of this generation. Luke 17:25

From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation. Luke 11:51

Because people don’t understand the terrible calamity that happened to the Jews in the first century, they assign the fulfillment to the end times.

But as you will see, this was an intense time of suffering for the Jews, who had rejected the Messiah. When Messiah was being led to be crucified, He said:

But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children.” Luke 23:28

Note Luke’s explanation:

For these are the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.” Luke 21:22

The days of vengeance are from Elohim against the apostate Jews, not some end times antichrist.

Judgment had been threatened by almost all the prophets against that wicked city. They had spoken of its crimes and threatened its ruin. Once Elohim had destroyed Jerusalem and carried the people to Babylon; but their crimes had been repeated when they returned, and Elohim had again threatened their ruin. Particularly was this very destruction foretold by Daniel, in Daniel 9:26-27.

Note Luke’s explanation:

But woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck, in those days! for there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people. And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.” Luke 21:23-24

This clearly shows that Luke anticipated a fulfillment in terms of Jerusalem only — the final Diaspora, and the trodding down of Jerusalem by the Gentiles.

The word gentiles is speaking of the Romans, who were being used to fulfill prophecy about the desolation of the temple, city and Jews.

So let’s take Messiah at His word and see how in fact His words were fulfilled, when the people of the prince, the Roman army, invaded Judea to desolate the temple, the city of Jerusalem, and the Jewish people.

Most Christians severely underestimate the desolation of the Jews in the first century, not understanding how Messiah caused the Roman army to cause calamity unlike any other time in history.

Notice that it says “nor ever shall be“.  If this time of Great Tribulation was in fact fulfilled in the last days before Messiah returned, then there would be no more time to have another time of great tribulation; and Messiah’s explanation does not make sense.

Instead the tribulation of 70 A.D., would be followed by other times of tribulation, which fits Messiah’s explanation.

This lines up perfectly with Daniel 12:1, “And there shall be a time of trouble, Such as never was since there was a nation, Even to that time. And at that time your people shall be delivered, Every one who is found written in the book.

The punishment, which was then about to fall upon the city and people, was to be of an exhaustive character. His words utterly forbid the idea of another and more severe national calamity reserved for a future day. (PM)

Here is a summary of what happened, as documented by Jewish historian Josephus:

On the way through Judea to Jerusalem, the Roman army killed Jews by the 10 thousands in the outlying cities. They invaded Judea from the north, marching along the coast, and killing many – 18,000 at Askelon alone.

The Roman army surrounded Jerusalem, cutting off the food supply. Warring factions inside the city destroyed the granaries. This led to a severe famine, killing many. Josephus records that the famine widened its progress and devoured the people by whole houses and families. The upper rooms were full of women and children dying by famine; and the lanes of the city were full of the dead bodies of the aged.

People killed each other as they fought over food. The most horrible and unbelievable torments were inflicted upon all who were suspected of having any food concealed.

The city was divided against itself with rival groups. The most violent party in the city was the Zealots. These called to their aid a band of blood thirsty Idumeans, who set upon the people who were peaceably inclined, and slaughtered young and old until the outer temple was all of it overflowed with blood, and that day they saw 8500 dead bodies there.

But as for the seditious bands themselves, they fought against each other while trampling upon the dead bodies which lay heaped one upon another, and being filled with a mad rage from those dead bodies under their feet, they became the more fierce. They, moreover, were still inventing pernicious things against each other; and when they had resolved upon anything, they executed it without mercy, and omitted no method of torment or of barbarity.

Josephus also tells of the terrible torments inflicted upon nobles and citizens of the better sort who refused to comply with the demands of the Zealots. Those, after being horribly tortured, were slain, and through fear, none dared bury them. In this way 12,000 of the more eminent inhabitants perished.

The noise of those that were fighting was incessant, both by day and by night; but the lamentations of those that mourned exceeded the noise of the fighting.

The dead bodies were not taken outside the city and buried, for fear of being killed, so they stacked up around the city. The blood of all sort of dead carcases stood in lakes in the holy courts themselves.

Pestilence from unclean conditions caused diseases and death.

One man, with the consent of his family, killed his parents, his children, his wife and himself; to save themselves from a worse fate.

A woman, eminent for her family and her wealth, who, while suffering the ravages of famine, slew her infant son and roasted him, and having eaten half of him, concealed the other half.

Because the food supply was cut off by the Romans, Jews out of desperation would sneak out of the city walls at night to find food. They were captured, tortured and crucified by the Roman army. At one point 500 a night were being crucified on the trees around the city, so that all of the trees had multiple bodies on them. And these bodies were not taken down, but left up there to rot and be eaten by birds and animals.

In 70 A.D. when the people of the prince, the Roman army flooded into Jerusalem, they killed the remaining Jews with the sword, trampling over dead bodies.

Birds, dogs and wild animals, ate the flesh of the fallen.

15,000 fugitive Jews were killed by the Romans, and the number of those that were forced to leap into the Jordan was prodigious. The whole country through which they fled was filled with slaughter, and Jordan could not be passed over, by reason of the dead bodies that were in it.

97,000 were taken captive and sold cheaply to places like Egypt, as if back into bondage.

At the end of the siege in 70 A.D., there were 1.1. million dead Jews, none of which were buried.

Their bodies were stacked in the city and fallen in the temple. Their bodies filled all of the trees outside the city. Blood no doubt was everywhere. Wild animals and birds of prey feasted on the dead bodies.  The scene and stench had to be intense, unlike anything ever seen before or after.

Of this period of great tribulation Jewish historian Josephus says, in the introduction of his ‘Wars of the Jews‘ historical documentary.

It had come to pass that our city Jerusalem had arrived at a higher degree of felicity than any other city under the Roman government, and yet at last fell into the sorest of calamities again. Accordingly it appears to me that the misfortunes of all men from the beginning of the world, if they be compared to those of the Jews, are not so considerable as they were.”

The sufferings of the Jews had this peculiar characteristic, namely, that they were mostly inflicted upon themselves by the warring factions within the city, concerning whom Josephus says in another place:

It is impossible to go distinctly over every instance of these men’s iniquity. I shall, therefore, speak my mind here at once briefly: That neither did any other city ever suffer such miseries, nor did any age ever breed a generation more fruitful in wickedness than this was, from the beginning of the world” (Wars V. 10:5).

Messiah had warned about the bloodshed that would come on this generation.

And they will fall by the edge of the sword, and be led away captive into all nations. And Jerusalem will be trampled by Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.” Luke 21:24

This fulfilled the Parable of the Wicked Vinedressers, when the wicked tenants killed the son of the vineyard owner.

But when the vinedressers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, ‘This is the heir. Come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.’ So they cast him out of the vineyard and killed him. Therefore what will the owner of the vineyard do to them? He will come and destroy those vinedressers and give the vineyard to others.” Luke 20:14-15

This fulfilled Messiah’s words of Woe to the scribes and the Pharisees.

Therefore, indeed, I send you prophets, wise men, and scribes: some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues and persecute from city to city, that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. Assuredly, I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation.” Matthew 23:34-36

Recall what the Jewish leaders said when they handed Messiah over to be crucified:

And all the people answered and said, “His blood be on us and on our children.” Matthew 27:25

As so it was, as the Roman army flooded into the city and killed 100’s of thousands of Jews by the sword. And those who were captured were sold into slavery.

Titus wanted to save the temple, but the Roman soldiers were so enraged at the wicked Jews, that they tore it down brick by brick, to be able to capture all of the gold.

This fulfilled Messiah’s words in Matthew 24:1-2, “Then Jesus went out and departed from the temple, and His disciples came up to show Him the buildings of the temple. And Jesus said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon another, that shall not be thrown down.”

Video: Rome and Jerusalem at War – The destruction of the Jewish Temple


The following information is from Philip Mauro’s well-documented work, ‘The Seventy Weeks and the Great Tribulation – A Study of the Last Two Visions of Daniel, and of the Olivet Discourse of the Lord Jesus Christ.’

The Jewish historian Josephus devotes nearly two hundred large pages (they would fill upwards of four hundred ordinary size) to the account of the events of’ those ‘days of vengeance’.

We can refer to but a very few of those tragic events; but, inasmuch as not many of our readers have access to the history of Josephus, we believe we are rendering them a service in giving the best idea we can, in small compass, of the happenings of those times.

After the retreat of Roman army leader Cestius, there was a slaughter of about 10,000 Jews at Damascus; and then, it being evident that war with the Romans was inevitable, the Jews began making preparations to defend Jerusalem.

At that time Josephus, the writer of this history, was appointed general of the armies in Galilee. He seems to have had great ability and success as a soldier, though he was finally overpowered and captured by the Romans. Concerning one of his military operations his translator says’ I cannot but think this stratagem of Josephus to be one of the finest that ever was invented and executed by any warrior whatsoever.

At this point the emperor Nero appointed Vespasian, a valiant and experienced general, to the task of subduing the Jews; and Vespasian designated his son Titus to assist him. They invaded Judea from the north, marching along the coast, and killing many–18,000 at Askelon alone. Thus Galilee was all over filled with fire and blood; nor was it exempt from any kind of misery or calamity (III 4:1).

The incidents of this siege were terrible; and among them were events which forcibly recall the Lord’s words, But woe to them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days. The Romans were so enraged by the long and fierce resistance of the Jews that they spared none, nor pitied any. Many, moreover, in desperation, killed themselves.

The life of Josephus was spared in a manner which seems miraculous (III 8:4-7), and he was taken captive to Vespasian, to whom he prophesied that both he and Titus his son would be Caesar and emperor.

Josephus was with Titus during the subsequent siege of Jerusalem, in which the atrocities and miseries reached a limit impossible to be exceeded on earth. Only the state of the lost in hell could be worse.

After Jotapata fell, Joppa was taken, and then Tiberias and Taricheae on Lake Gennesaret. Thousands were killed, and upwards of 30,000 from the last named place alone were sold into slavery. Having now completely subdued Galilee, Vespasian led his army to Jerusalem.

For a right understanding of Matthew 24:15-21 it is important to know that the Roman armies were, for more than a year, occupied with the devastation of the provinces of Galilee and Judea, before Jerusalem was besieged. It should be noted also that Christ’s first warnings to flee were to them which be in Judea (#Mt24:16).

This makes it perfectly certain that the abomination of desolation standing in the holy place, which was the appointed signal for them which be in Judea to flee into the mountains, was not an idol set up in the inner sanctuary of the Temple. For the desolation of Judea was completed long before Jerusalem and the Temple were taken.

At the time Vespasian led his armies to Jerusalem, that doomed city was in a state of indescribable disorder and confusion insomuch that, during the entire siege, the Jews suffered far more from one another inside the walls than from the enemy outside.

Josephus says there were disorders and civil war in every city, and all those that were at quiet from the Romans turned their hands one against another. There was also a bitter contest between those that were for war, and those that were desirous for peace (IV 3:2).

Josephus further tells of the utter disgrace and ruin of the high priesthood, the basest of men being exalted to that office; and also of the profanation of the sanctuary.

The most violent party in the city was the Zealots. These called to their aid a band of blood thirsty Idumeans, who set upon the people who were peaceably inclined, and slaughtered young and old until the outer temple was all of it overflowed with blood, and that day they saw 8500 dead bodies there.

Among the slain was Ananias, formerly high priest, a venerable and worthy man, concerning whom Josephus said:

“I should not mistake if I said that the death of Ananias was the beginning of the destruction of the city, and that from this very day may be dated the overthrow of her wall, and the ruin of her affairs; that being the day whereon they saw their high priest, and the procurer of their preservation, slain in the midst of their city. * * *

And I cannot but think it was because God had doomed this city to destruction, as a polluted city, and was resolved to purge His sanctuary with fire, that He cut off these, their great defenders, while those that a little before had worn the sacred garments and presided over the public worship, were cast out naked to be the food of dogs and wild beasts.

Now after these were slain the Zealots and the Idumeans fell upon the people as upon a flock of profane animals, and cut their throats.”

Josephus also tells of the terrible torments inflicted upon nobles and citizens of the better sort who refused to comply with the demands of the Zealots. Those, after being horribly tortured, were slain, and through fear, none dared bury them. In this way 12,000 of the more eminent inhabitants perished (IV 5:3). We quote further:

“Along all the roads also vast numbers of dead bodies lay in heaps; and many who at first were zealous to desert the city chose rather to perish there; for the hopes of burial made death m their own city appear less terrible to them. But those zealots came at last to that degree of barbarity as not to bestow a burial either on those slain in the city or on those that lay along the roads; as if at the same time that they defiled men with their wicked actions they would pollute the Deity itself also, they left the dead bodies to putrefy under the sun. (IV. 6. 3).

About this time above 15,000 fugitive Jews were killed by the Romans, and the number of those that were forced to leap into the Jordan was prodigious. The whole country through which they fled was filled with slaughter, and Jordan could not be passed over, by reason of the dead bodies that were in it (IV. 8. 5, 6).


At this point Vespasian was called to Rome by reason of the death of the emperor Nero, and the operations against the Jews devolved upon Titus. Vespasian himself was soon thereafter made emperor.

Meanwhile another tyrant rose up, whose name was Simon, and of him Josephus says: Now this Simon, who was without the wall, was a greater terror to the people than the Romans themselves; while the Zealots who were within it were more heavy upon them than both the other.

Those Zealots were led by a tyrant named John; and the excesses of murder and uncleanness in which they habitually indulged are indescribable (see Bk. IV, ch. 9, sec. 10).

In order to overthrow John, the people finally admitted Simon and his followers. From that time onward the civil warfare within the city became more incessant and deadly. The distracted city was now divided into three factions instead of two.

The fighting was carried even into the inner court of the temple; whereupon Josephus laments that even those who came with sacrifices to offer them in the temple were slain, and sprinkled that altar with their own blood, till the dead bodies of strangers were mingled together with those of their own country, and those of profane persons with those of priests, and the blood of all sort of dead carcases stood in lakes in the holy courts themselves (V 1:3).

Surely there never were such conditions as these in any city before or since.

Among the dire calamities which befell the wretched people was the destruction of the granaries and storehouses of food;so that famine was soon added to the other horrors. The warring factions were agreed in nothing but to kill those that were innocent. Says Josephus:

The noise of those that were fighting was incessant, both by day and by night; but the lamentations of those that mourned exceeded the noise of the fighting. Nor was there ever any occasion for them to leave off their lamentations, because their calamities came perpetually, one upon another.

But as for the seditious bands themselves, they fought against each other while trampling upon the dead bodies which lay heaped one upon another, and being filled with a mad rage from those dead bodies under their feet, they became the more fierce. They, moreover, were still inventing pernicious things against each other; and when they had resolved upon anything, they executed it without mercy, and omitted no method of torment or of barbarity” (V. 2. 5).

At the time described in the preceding paragraphs, the Roman armies had not yet reached the city, and inasmuch as the Passover season now came on, and things seemed to quiet down momentarily, the gates were opened for such as wished to observe the great feast. The translator, in a footnote, says:

“Here we see the true occasion of those vast numbers of Jews that were in Jerusalem during this siege by Titus and who perished therein. For the siege began at the feast of Passover, when such prodigious multitudes of the Jews and proselytes were come from all parts of Judea, and from other countries.

As to the number that perished during this siege, Josephus assures us, as we shall see hereafter, they were 1,100,000, besides 97,000 captives.

This is notable as the last Passover. That joyous feast of remembrance of God’s great deliverance of His people out of Egypt ended in an orgy of blood.

The tyrant John took advantage of this opportunity to introduce some of his followers, with concealed weapons, among the throngs of worshipers in the temple, who slew many, while others were rolled in heaps together, and trampled upon, and beaten without mercy.

And now, though the Roman armies were at their gates, the warring factions began again to destroy one another and the innocent inhabitants.

“For”, says Josephus, they returned to their former madness, and separated one from another, and fought it out; and they did everything that the besiegers could desire them to do. For they never suffered from the Romans anything worse than they made each other suffer; nor was there any misery endured by the city which, after what these men did, could be esteemed new. It was most of all unhappy before it was overthrown; and those that took it did it a kindness. For I venture to say that the sedition destroyed the city, and the Romans destroyed the sedition. This was a much harder thing to do than to destroy the walls. So that we may justly ascribe our misfortunes to our own people (V. 6. 2).

This is the most astonishing feature of this great tribulation; for surely there never was a besieged city whose inhabitants suffered more from one another than from the common enemy. In this feature of the case we see most clearly that it is one of judgment; and that, as the apostle Paul said, the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.

At this point the siege began in earnest. Titus, however, sent Josephus to speak to the Jews, offering them clemency, and exhorting them to yield. Josephus made a most earnest plea to them not to resist the might of Rome, pointing out that God was no longer with them.

But it was to no purpose. So the siege proceeded outside, and the famine began to rage inside, insomuch that children pulled out of their parents’ mouths the morsels they were eating, and even mothers deprived their infants of the last bits of food that might have sustained their lives.

The fighters, of course, kept for their own use what food there was, and it seems that they took a keen delight in seeing others suffer. It was a species of madness. They invented terrible methods of torments, such as it would not be seemly for us to describe. And this was done, says Josephus, to keep their madness in exercise (V 10:3).

The most horrible and unbelievable torments were inflicted upon all who were suspected of having any food concealed. The following passage will give an idea of the conditions:

“It is impossible to give every instance of the iniquity of these men. I shall therefore speak my mind here at once briefly:–that neither did any other city suffer such miseries, nor did any age ever breed a generation more fruitful in wickedness than this was, from the beginning of the world. (This forcibly brings to mind the Lord’s own words.) Finally they brought the Hebrew nation into contempt, that they might themselves appear comparatively less impious with regard to strangers. They confessed, what was true, that they were the scum, and the spurious and abortive offspring of our nation, while they overthrew the city themselves, and forced the Romans, whether they would or no, to gain a melancholy reputation by acting gloriously against them; and did almost draw that fire upon the temple which they seemed to think came too slowly” (V. 10. 5).

Under pressure of the famine many Jews went out at night into the valleys in search of food.

These were caught, tortured and crucified in sight of those on the walls of the city. About five hundred every day were thus treated. The number became finally so great that there was not room enough for the crosses, nor crosses enough for the victims. So several were ofttimes nailed to one cross.

A little later the Roman armies encompassed the entire city, so that there was no longer any egress therefrom.

“Then, says Josephus, did the famine widen its progress and devour the people by whole houses and families. The upper rooms were full of women and children dying by famine; and the lanes of the city were full of the dead bodies of the aged. The children also and the young men wandered about the marketplaces like shadows, all swelled with the famine, and fell down dead, wheresoever their misery seized them (V. 12. 3).

Thus did the miseries of Jerusalem grow worse and worse every day.

And indeed the multitude of carcases that lay in heaps, one upon another, was a horrible sight, and produced a pestilential stench which was a hindrance to those that would make sallies out of the city and fight the enemy (VI. 1. 1).

The number of those that perished by famine in the city was prodigious, and their miseries were unspeakable. For if so much as the shadow of any kind of food did anywhere appear, a war was commenced presently, and the dearest friends fell a fighting one another about it.

In this connection Josephus relates in detail the case of a woman, eminent for her family and her wealth, who, while suffering the ravages of famine, slew her infant son and roasted him, and having eaten half of him, concealed the other half.

When presently the seditious Jews came in to search the premises, and smelt the horrid scent of this food, they threatened her life if she did not show them what food she had prepared. She replied that she had saved for them a choice part, and withal uncovered what was left of the little body, saying, Come, eat of this food; for I have eaten of it myself. Do not you pretend to be more tender than a woman, or more compassionate than a mother. Even those desperate and hardened men were horrified at the sight, and stood aghast at the deed of this mother. They left trembling; and the whole city was full of what the woman had done. It must be remembered that all this time the lives of all in the city would have been spared and the city and temple saved, had they but yielded to the Romans. But how then should the Scripture be fulfilled? (see #De 28:56,57)

Soon after this the temple was set on fire and was burned down, though Titus tried to save it. Josephus says:

But as for that house, God had for certain long ago doomed it to the fire; and now that fatal day was come, according to the revolution of ages. It was the tenth day of the month Ab, the day upon which it was formerly burnt by the king of Babylon (VI. 4. 5).

Further Josephus says:

“While the holy house was on fire everything was plundered that came to hand, and ten thousand of those were slain. Nor was there commiseration of any age, or any reverence of gravity; but children, old men, profane persons, and priests were all slain in the same manner.

Moreover many, when they saw the fire, exerted their utmost strength, and did break out into groans and outcries. Perea also did return the echo, as well as the mountains round about Jerusalem, and augmented the force of the noise.”

Yet was the misery itself more terrible than this disorder. For one would have thought that the hill itself, on which the temple stood, was seething hot, as if full of fire on every part, that the blood was more in quantity than the fire, and that the slain were more in numbers than they who slew them. For the ground did nowhere appear visible because of the dead bodies that lay upon it (VL 5. 1).

In describing how a number were killed in a certain cloister, which the soldiers set on fire, Josephus says:

“A false prophet was the occasion of the destruction of those people, he having made a public proclamation that very day that God commanded them to get upon the temple and that they should receive miraculous signs of their deliverance. There was then a large number of false prophets suborned by the tyrants to impose on the people, who announced to them that they should wait for deliverance from God (VI. 5. 2).

In this detail also the Lord’s Olivet prophecy was most literally fulfilled.

When at last the Romans gained entrance into the city, the soldiers had become so exasperated by the stubborn resistance of the Jews, that they could not be restrained from wreaking vengeance upon the survivors.

So they indulged in slaughter until weary of it. The survivors were sold into slavery, but at a very low price, because they were so numerous, and the buyers were few. Thus was fulfilled the word of the Lord by Moses, And there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you (#De 28:68).

Many were put into bonds and sold to slavery in the Egyptian mines, thus fulfilling several prophecies that they should be sold into Egypt again, whence God had delivered them (#Ho 8:13; 9:3).

This fulfills Luke 21:24, “And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations.”

In concluding this part of his history Josephus gives the number of those who perished (a million one hundred thousand) and of those sold into slavery (ninety seven thousand), and explains, as we have already stated, that they were come up from all the country to the feast of unleavened bread, and were on a sudden shut up by an army. And he adds:

“Now this vast multitude was indeed collected out of remote places, but the entire nation was now shut up by fate as in prison, and the Roman army encompassed the city when it was crowded with inhabitants. Accordingly the multitude of those that perished therein exceeded all the destruction’s that either men or God ever brought upon the world” (VI. 9. 4).

Thus ended, in the greatest of all calamities of the sort, the national existence of the Jewish people, and all that pertained to that old covenant which was instituted with glory (2 Corinithians 3:7,9,11), but which was to be done away.

Here may be seen an example of the thoroughness of God’s judgments, when He arises to do His strange work. Judgment must begin at the house of God; and in view of what is brought to our notice in this history of Josephus, how impressive is the question, And if it begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God? (1 Peter 4:17).

Commentaries on the Abomination of Desolation of Matthew 24:15:

Alfred Edersheim – Life And Times Of Jesus The Messiah

This, together with tribulation to Israel, unparalleled in the terrible past of its history, and unequalled even in its bloody future was about to befall them. Nay, so dreadful would be the persecution that, if Divine mercy had not interposed for the sake of the followers of Christ, the whole Jewish race that inhabited the land would have been swept away. There should have been no flesh saved.

C.H. Spurgeon

The Jews impiously said, concerning the death of Christ, “His blood be on us, and on our children.” Never did any other people invoke such an awful curse upon themselves, and upon no other nation did such a judgment ever fall. We read of Jews crucified till there was no more wood for making crosses;

Albert Barnes’ Notes on the Bible:

There shall be great tribulation. The word tribulation means calamity, or suffering. Lu 21:24 has specified in what this tribulation should consist. “They shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations; and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles shall be fulfilled.” That is, until the time allotted for the Gentiles to do it shall be fully accomplished; or as long as God is pleased to suffer them to do it.

The first thing mentioned by Luke is, that they should fall by the edge of the sword. That is, should be slain in war, as the sword was then principally used in war. This was most strikingly fulfilled. Josephus, in describing it, uses almost the very words of our Saviour. All the calamities, says he, which had befallen any nation from the beginning of the world, were but small in comparison with those of the Jews. Jewish Wars, book i., preface,  4.

He has given the following account of one part of the massacre when the city was taken: “And now rushing into the city, they slew whomsoever they found, without distinction, and burnt the houses and all the people who had fled into them. And when they entered for the sake of plunder, they found whole families of dead persons, and houses full of carcasses destroyed by famine; then they came out with their hands empty. And though they thus pitied the dead, they had not the same emotion for the living, but killed all they met, whereby they filled the lanes with dead bodies. The whole city ran with blood, insomuch that many things which were burning were extinguished by the blood.” Jewish Wars, book vi. chap. 8,  5; chap. 9,  2, 3. He adds, that in the siege of Jerusalem, not fewer than eleven hundred thousand perished (Jewish Wars, book vi., chap. 9,  3)–a number almost as great as are in the whole city of London. In the adjacent provinces no fewer than two hundred and fifty thousand are reckoned to have been slain; making in all whose deaths were ascertained, the almost incredible number of one million three hundred and fifty thousand, who were put to death. These were not indeed all slain with the sword. Many were crucified. “Many hundreds,” says he, (Jewish Wars, book vi. Chap. xi Chap. xi. 1) “were first whipped, then tormented with various kinds of tortures, and finally crucified: the Roman soldiers nailing them (out of the wrath and hatred they bore to the Jews) one after one way, and another after another, to crosses, by way of jest, until at length the multitude became so great that room was wanting for crosses, and crosses for the bodies.” So terribly was their imprecation fulfilled–” His blood be on us, and on our children,” Mt 27:25. If it be asked how it was possible for so many people to be slain in a single city, it is answered, that the siege of Jerusalem commenced during the time of the passover, it is estimated that more than three millions were usually assembled. See Josephus, Jewish Wars, book vi., chap. ix.,  3, 4.

A horrible instance of the distress of Jerusalem is related by Josephus. The famine during the siege became so great that they ate what the most sordid animals refused to touch. A woman of distinguished rank, having been plundered by the soldiers, in hunger, rage, and despair, killed and roasted her babe, and had eaten one half of him before the deed was discovered. Jewish Wars, book vi., chap. 3,  3, 4. This cruel and dreadful act was also in fulfillment of prophecy, De 28:53,56-57.

Another thing added by Luke Lu 21:24) was, that “they should be led captive into all nations.” Josephus informs us that the captives taken during the whole war amounted to ninety-seven thousand. The tall and handsome young men Titus reserved for triumph; of the rest, many were distributed through the Roman provinces, to be destroyed by wild beasts in theatres; many were sent to the works in Egypt; many, especially those under seventeen years of age, were sold for slaves. Jewish Wars, book vi., chap. 9,. 2,3.

Coke’s Commentary on the Holy Bible

Then shall be great tribulation— In the preceding verses our Saviour warned his disciples to fly as soon as ever they saw Jerusalem besieged by the Romans, and now he assigns a reason for his giving them this caution. The words used in this verse seem to be a proverbial form of expression, as in Exodus 10:14. Joel 2:1 Maccabees ix. 27. Our Lord, therefore, might fitly apply the same manner of speaking upon the present occasion: but he does not make use of proverbial expressions without a proper meaning; and this may be understood even literally.

For indeed all history cannot furnish us with a parallel to the calamities and miseries of the Jews; rapine and murder, famine and pestilence within, fire and sword, and all the terrors of war without. Our Saviour wept at the foresight of these calamities; and it is almost impossible for persons of any humanity to read the relation of them without weeping too.

The Jewish historian might well say, as he does in the preface to his history: “If the misfortunes of all, from the beginning of the world, were compared with those of the Jews, they would appear much inferior upon comparison. In short, no other city ever suffered such things, as no other generation from the beginning of the world was ever more fruitful of wickedness.”

John Gill’s Exposition of the Entire Bible

For then shall be great tribulation,… This is urged as a reason for their speedy flight; since the calamity that would come upon those who should remain in the city, what through the sword, famine, pestilence, murders, robberies, etc. would

be such as was not since the beginning of the world, to this time, no, nor ever shall be. The burning of Sodom and Gomorrha, the bondage of the children of Israel in Egypt, their captivity in Babylon, and all their distresses and afflictions in the times of the Maccabees, are nothing to be compared with the calamities which befell the Jews in the siege and destruction of Jerusalem. Great desolations have been made in the besieging and at the taking of many famous cities, as Troy, Babylon, Carthage, etc. but none of them are to be mentioned with the deplorable case of this city. Whoever reads Josephus’s account will be fully convinced of this; and readily join with him, who was an eyewitness of it, when he says1, that

“never did any city suffer such things, nor was there ever any generation that more abounded in malice or wickedness.”

And indeed, all this came upon them for their impenitence and infidelity, and for their rejection and murdering of the Son of God; for as never any before, or since, committed the sin they did, or ever will, so there never did, or will, the same calamity befall a nation, as did them.

Matthew Poole’s Commentary on the Holy Bible

Mark hath the same in effect, Mark 13:19-20. Luke speaks more particularly, Luke 21:23-24, “For there shall be great distress in the land, and wrath upon this people. And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.”

These verses must be understood with reference to the Jewish nation, and whoso shall read in Josephus the history of the wars of the Jews, will easily agree there is nothing in all the foregoing Jewish story which we have recorded in Scripture like unto it; the final destruction of them by Titus was rather an abatement of miseries they suffered by the factions within themselves, than any thing else.

And thus some think that God shortened those days of their misery by sending the Roman armies to quiet the seditions and factions amongst themselves, which were more cruel one to another. God promises to shorten these days for the elect’s sake that were amongst this sinful people. So that as the city was taken in less than six months, so was their whole country in less than eighteen months more. And if the Lord had not, in compassion to those amongst this people who belonged to his election of grace, shortened these days of calamity, both by sending the Roman armies to quiet their intestine divisions, and then giving these armies so quick a victory, none of the Jews would have been left alive, which indeed any one will judge that shall but read those histories.

Philip Mauro – The Seventy Weeks and the Great Tribulation

“That these calamities of the Jews, who were our Saviour’s murderers, were to be the greatest that had ever been since the beginning of the world, our Saviour had directly foretold, (#Mt 24:21; Mr 13:19; Lu 21:23,24) and that they proved to be such accordingly, Josephus is here a most authentic witness.”

The People’s New Testament

The account given by Josephus, the Jewish historian who witnessed and recorded the war, is almost an echo of the predictions of Christ. Women ate their own children from starvation; the Jews within the city fought each other as well as the Roman army; on August 10, A.D. 70, the city was stormed and there was a universal massacre; 1,100,00 persons perished, and 100,000 survivors were sold into slavery.

As you can see, the time of great tribulation that Messiah foretold in the Olivet Discourse was fulfilled in the first century, and that it was horrifying in its intensity.

David Nikao

Next Olivet Discourse Deception Study: Messiah Coming In The Clouds

Related Study: Daniel 12 Desolation Fulfillment

Additional Study Resources:

Flavius Josephus describes the destruction of Jerusalem.

Jerusalem, AD70: The Worst Desolation Ever?

Keys To The Great Tribulation –



End Times Deceptions Summary

Up until the 20th century, the saints taught the historical fulfillment of prophecy. And the great theologians of the 16th-20th centuries wrote whole Bible commentaries, explaining the historical fulfillment.

But since then, the futuristic deceptions of the Jesuits of Rome have taken hold, and are now deceiving the majority of believers.

What I teach in my prophecy study series is not just my ‘interpretation‘.  These great theologians documented it in painstaking detail:
  • Albert Barnes’ Notes on the New and Old Testaments (1832)
  • The People’s New Testament Commentary by Barton Johnson (1891)
  • John Calvin’s Commentaries (1564)
  • Adam Clarke’s Commentary on the Bible (1826)
  • Geneva Bible with commentaries from the Protestant Reformation leaders. (1599)
  • Henry Grattan Guinness (1881)
  • John Gill’s Exposition of the Entire Bible (1809)
  • Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary Critical Explanatory on the Whole Bible (1871)
  • Matthew Poole’s Commentary on the Holy Bible (1679)
  • John Wesley’s Bible Notes (1765)
I’m just blessed to stand on the shoulders of these great theologians, who have taught me so much about the Word of Elohim.
I’ve merely put their explanations into concise studies, to help you see the fulfillment.
Sadly, the enemy has caused their witness to be pushed aside, and he has propped up false prophecy teachers to deceive the end times saints.
To understand prophecy fulfillment, I had to put aside the preconceived futuristicexplanations, which my Pastors had mistakenly programmed into my mind.
By reading the explanations of these great theologians, I was able to see what Scripture was proclaiming about the historical fulfillment of prophecy.
I’m not saying that all prophecy has been fulfilled yet, but the great majority has been.
When people don’t understand the historical fulfillment, they assign the prophecy to the future.  But that is a trap, as the markers that people reference are false.
And that will leave them totally unprepared for what lies ahead as we await Messiah’s glorious return.
So my friend, you have a choice to make.
You can read the brief summaries below and click on the study links to read the detailed explanations.
Or based on your futuristic programming you can reject them, and click away.
I don’t know every prophecy explanation, but I have been shown a lot.  And most of it is contrary to what today’s Pastors are teaching us.
Let’s start with the 70th week of Daniel, as most of the enemy’s deceptions are based on the concept of a futuristic 7-year tribulation period.
The 70th week of Daniel was fulfilled on time, after the 69th week, from 27-34 A.D; when Messiah and His disciples confirmed with the Jews for seven years, that He was the promised Messiah, who ratified the everlasting covenant as the Passover Lamb.
After the 70th week of Daniel was over, the Gospel was also shared with the Gentile nations; so that the temple of Messiah would be made up of Jews and Gentiles.
In the 16th century the Jesuits of Rome sought to counter the Reformation by creating the narrative about a one-man antichrist in a supposed end-times 70th week of Daniel, to try to deflect blame away from the Popes of Rome; as the Protestant Reformers had rightly identified them as the Son of Perdition of 2 Thessalonians 2 and the antichrist beast of Revelation 13.
The saints did not believe the Jesuits deceptions for hundreds of years; but sadly today, it is now accepted by most Christians.
Read the 70th Week Of Daniel Bible Study series, which proves the historical fulfillment, showing that the concept of supposed end-times 7-year tribulation period is a deception of the enemy.
Once you understand the true fulfillment of the 70th week of Daniel, many of the Jesuits other deceptions fall apart, for they are based on it.
That includes the fulfillment of the prophecies in Revelation, which the enemy has caused people to believe will be fulfilled during the last half of the supposedfuturistic 7-year tribulation period.
Messiah proclaimed in Revelation 1:1 that the things that He was describing would take place shortly.
And indeed they were, as the seal judgments began immediately.
Revelation is the narrative of the battle of the Satan-empowered Roman beast, against Messiah and His kingdom of saints.
The Roman beast has changed forms over the years, but it was in power during Messiah’s ministry, and it will be destroyed by Messiah when He returns and casts anuncut stone at the iron/clay feet of the statue in Daniel 2.
Satan reigned in the pagan Roman Empire, where he was worshiped through all of their false Gods. He used them to try to wipe out the Early Church, killing 10 million saints, whose blood cried out for vengeance.
Messiah caused the decline of the Roman Empire with the seal judgments; which resulted in civil wars, famine and severe pestilence, causing many Romans to die.
Messiah then caused the fall of the Roman Empire with the trumpet judgments; which caused army after army to attack the vast Roman Empire; resulting in the last Western Roman Emperor (the head) being removed from power in 476 A.D.
Satan countered by empowering the antichrist Popes of Rome rise up in their place, healing the deadly head wound, as the Popes of Rome took the Emperor’s place as ruler of Church and State in 538 A.D., taking the title of Pontifex Maximus.
Satan used them to try to eliminate the Two Witnesses, as the Popes banned and burned the Scriptures and killed over 50 million saints.
Messiah exacted vengeance and caused the Roman Catholic Church to lose power through the Protestant Reformation; and then through the first four bowl judgments, as He caused the Catholics of France and Spain, who had obeyed the Popes order to slaughter the saints, to be killed during the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars.
The 1,260 year reign of the Popes of Rome came to an end in 1798 A.D., when Napoleon’s army took the Pope prisoner, where he later died.
Satan countered by empowering the Jesuits of Rome, who are a military organization, to take control of the Vatican. The Jesuit General, the Black Pope, who is the False Prophet, controls the White Pope; as is using the Vatican to gather the world under his power.
Jesuit priests have spread around the world teaching the false gospel of Catholicism, which now causes 1.2 Billion Catholics to revere/worship (mark on forehead) and obey(mark on right hand, actions) the antichrist Pope of Rome.
They also gather intelligence in these countries, taking the confessions of leaders, to use that information to control people and take control of the countries.
The Jesuits are using the city-state corporation of Vatican City to control the world’s religious and political leaders.  It is using its city-state corporation of the City of London to control the world’s financial and trade organizations.  And it’s using its city-state corporation of the District of Columbia, which is not part of the United States, to control the world’s intelligence agencies and military powers.
Satan (the dragon) will use the Pope (antichrist) and Jesuit General (false prophet) to cause WW III between Muslim countries and Israel, which will push the world into their One World Government; where people will cry out for peace.  The Jesuits will offer a one-world religion in the name of peace, which ultimately will be Luciferian.
They will cause the Pope to act as a savior of sorts, proclaiming that the Vatican had been preparing for a world-wide financial collapse.  No doubt they will have the Pope issue an order, giving people the choice of joining with them, perhaps giving people an RF-ID chip or tattoo to be able to buy and sell in their financial system.
By doing that they will draw the whole world under the power of the antichrist Pope, causing many to revere (mark of forehead) and obey (mark on right hand) his orders.
And if you don’t revere and obey the Pope, you won’t have the mark of the beast, and you will be cut off from their financial system, so that you can’t buy or sell.
The 7th bowl is the formation of the One World Government, in which the Jesuits of Great City of Rome will control the world through their three city-state corporations.
In the midst of the 6th bowl, Messiah proclaimed that He will return as a thief in the night.  Paul told us that the wise won’t be caught off-guard by His return, but the deceived will.
Our Messiah will return to destroy His enemies, taking the antichrist Pope and False Prophet Jesuit General captive.
Read the Revelation Timeline Decoded Bible study series, to see the fulfillment of the seals, trumpets and bowl; the Little Book of Revelation 10; the Two Witnesses of Revelation 11; Mystery, Babylon the Great in Revelation 17; and much more.
You will learn where we are at on the Revelation fulfillment timeline and what will happen next as we await Messiah’s glorious return.
Maybe people mistakenly point to an Islamic antichrist, and the Muslims do play a significant role in prophecy, but Islam is simply a daughter of the Harlot of Rome
The Roman Bishops helped write the Qur’an and prop up the illiterate Mohamed as the prophet of Islam.
They did this to use the Muslims to kill Jews and saints, to conquer territory and kill their enemies, and to capture Jerusalem.
They did it to deceive Arabs, as the saints were spreading the Gospel around the world.
The 5th and 6th trumpets represent the Arab armies being used to attack the vast Roman Empire.
The 5th Trumpet represents the Lord using the Arabian (Mohammedan) army against the Western Roman Empire from 612-762 A.D., which is 150 years (5 months = 150 days). They wore turbans (crowns of gold); they had beards (faces of men); they had long hair like women; they wore chain-mail (breast-plates of iron); and they were fierce (teeth of lions). The falling star was Mohammed, the smoke out of Satan’s bottomless pit of lies is the Qur’an.
The 6th Trumpet represents the Lord releasing the Turks to cross over the Euphrates River to conquer 1/3rd of the Roman Empire for 391 years (prepared for the hour and day and month and year, 1 + 30 + 360 = 391) from 1062-1453 A.D., which ended when they used large cannons (out of their mouths came fire, smoke, and brimstone) to knock down the thick protective walls of Constantinople.
Read the Islam In Bible Prophecy study series, to see how the Muslims are the clay of the iron/clay feet of the statue in Daniel 2, which the Roman Catholic Church (the iron) has used to carry out their agenda.

You will see how the Jesuits of Rome are using the major Muslim countries and ISIS rebels, to carry out their Inquisition; and to cause WW III, which will push the world into their One World Government.

Most people assign Messiah’s Olivet Discourse in Matthew 24 to the end times, but Messiah clearly proclaimed that all those things would happen in that generation of Jews, who had rejected Him and delivered Him up to be killed.
Messiah had just berated the Jewish leaders, casting woe upon woe on them. He proclaimed that they would deliver Him up to be killed, and that they would kill the prophets that He would send to them; just like their fathers had killed the previous prophets.
The whole context of the Olivet Discourse is about the desolation of the temple, the city and the Jewish nation.
The main sign that the desolation of the temple was about to take place was that the pagan Roman army would surround the holy city, which Messiah and Daniel referred to as the Abomination of Desolation.
The pagan Romans were an abomination to the Jews, and they were sent by Messiah to desolate the Jews, fulfilling the prophecy in Daniel 9:26-27.
Jewish historian Josephus documents the fulfillment of the time of great tribulation for the Jews, that was so horrific that at the end, there were 1.1 million dead Jews lying out in the open, in and around Jerusalem; with wild animals and birds feeding on their bodies.
They died from famine, pestilence, infighting, suicide, crucifixion, and by the Roman sword.
The trees around Jerusalem were filled with the dead bodies of crucified Jews who had tried to sneak out of the city at night to find food.
Though more people have died in other times of tribulation, this grisly scene in the small city of Jerusalem, was so concentrated that Messiah proclaimed:
For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.
Of this period of great tribulation Josephus says, in the introduction of his ‘Wars of the Jews‘ historical documentary.
“It had come to pass that our city Jerusalem had arrived at a higher degree of felicity than any other city under the Roman government, and yet at last fell into the sorest of calamities again. Accordingly it appears to me that the misfortunes of all men from the beginning of the world, if they be compared to those of the Jews, are not so considerable as they were.”
Read the new Olivet Discourse Bible study series, to see how all that Messiah foretold was indeed fulfilled in that generation of Jews.
Most people assign the Falling Away of 2 Thessalonians 2 to the end times, but the Apostle Paul’s warning was fulfilled in the 4th century, when Emperor Constantine and the Roman Bishops created Roman Catholic Christianity.
They created the pagan holidays of Easter(Ishtar) and Christ-mass, to replace Elohim’s seven Holy Feast Days, which Messiah is fulfilling to redeem His set-apart people.
They moved everyone to a SUN-based calendar, to replace the Scriptural luni-solar calendar, on which the Holy Feast Days and Sabbaths are based.
They moved everyone to SUNday worship as the Lord’s Day, instead of the Scriptural Sabbath.
Messiah is fulfilling His Father’s seven Holy feast Days to redeem His set-apart people.
He fulfilled the Spring Feast Days of Passover, with His sacrifice as the Lamb of Elohim; Unleavened Bread, as He was sinless; and First Fruits, when He rose again.  He fulfilled the Feast of Pentecost when He sent the Spirit to the saints.
He has yet to fulfilled the Fall Feast Days, which represent the harvest.  He will return on the Feast of Trumpets, at the last trump.  He will judge His saints on the Feast of Atonement.  And He will marry His bride on the Feast of Tabernacles.
When Messiah declared in Revelation to ‘come out of Babylon’, He was not just talking to Roman Catholics who are in the harlot Babylonian Roman Catholic Church.
He is telling us to come out of the teachings of the Roman harlot, which sadly, most Protestant Churches teach and practice.
Read The Falling Away of 2 Thessalonians 2 Bible Study series, to see all that was changed so long ago.
This is very important as most believers have no idea of all of the changes that took place, which impact their beliefs and practices today.
The wise virgins understand the proper context of Messiah’s return.
They know that Messiah will return on the fall Feast of Trumpets, which is in September or October, depending on the year.
They know that we are at on the Revelation fulfillment timeline, so that they understand how close we are to Messiah’s declaration in the 6th bowl that He is returning soon as a thief in the night.
The question is, are you a wise virgin, who knows the truth of the fulfillment of prophecy, and has oil in their lamp?
Or are you an unwise virgin, who knows not the context of Messiah’s return, and has no oil?
I pray that you will humbly consider the explanations that I have provided.

I understand that they are contrary to futuristic explanations that we are being taught by Pastors.  Satan has been very busy my friend, setting all of this up through his organization of people who serve him.

The deception is grand my friend! The Church has been infiltrated by the enemy.  Seminaries such as Dallas Theological Seminary teach the Jesuit’s futuristic deceptions, so that the leaven of their deceptions has spread around the world.
We need to look back to what the great theologians taught throughout history, before the deceptions crept into the Church.
I’m no great theologian.  I’m just a simple guy, who desires to know the truth and has put in a lot of time reading the historical explanations.
My contribution is to put the explanations into easy to understand studies, to help you see the fulfillment.
Pray for discernment, for without the Spirit guiding us, the enemy will deceive even the very elect.
Grace, peace and love to you,
David Nikao
You can start with this verse by verse explanation that proves that All Roads Lead To Rome.

Revelation Symbols Defined

This Revelation Timeline Decoded Bible study provides a table of symbols that were used by John in the book of Revelation.  
These Revelation symbols are from The People’s New Testament Study Notes by
Barton W. Johnson
It must always be kept in mind, however, that this book is a book of prophecy, intended to “shew the things which must shortly come to pass.” John was a Seer. He recorded what he saw. The future was portrayed to him in a series of visions. The pictures which passed before his eyes represented future events. Hence, each is a symbolical representation of what was then future, and may now be past history.

Thus, when the first seal is opened in Revelation 6:1-2 , and a warrior is seen with a bow in his hand riding on a white horse in conquest, this must be interpreted as a sense-image which appropriately represents an event or epoch of history which was future when John was an exile on Patmos.

Symbolical pictures follow each other in rapid succession as the seals are opened and the trumpets blown, a correct interpretation of which is to be sought not in literal fulfillment, but in events of which the sense-visions might be appropriate symbols. It will be a help in understanding the text to have an explanation of the meaning of the various symbols employed as they are ordinarily used in prophetic writings; hence I give a TABLE OF SYMBOLS.

In this table I aim to give only the leading Symbols used by John, with their apparent meaning. The definitions have been obtained from Mede, Elliott, Lange, Campbell, Archdeacon Lea, and other sources.

Adultery – Idolatry or apostasy; especially the latter. As Christ is represented as a bridegroom and the church as a bride, apostasy, or unfaithfulness to him, would be spiritual adultery, and a false church properly represented as a harlot.
Angel – Any agent or messenger of the divine will. The term may be a symbol of any movement of nations, or in history which carries out the divine purposes.
Ascension to Heaven – Exaltation in power and glory. Prosperity.
Babylon – The city which carried Israel into captivity. Hence, a symbol of any power that renders them captive, whether it be Pagan or Papal Rome.
Balances – A symbol of justice, but when used to denote the weighing out of food, a symbol of scarcity.
Black – The color of mourning; hence a symbol of calamity and sorrow.
Black Horse – The horse was not used as a beast of burden by the ancients, but for purposes of war. Hence it is a symbol of war, and a black horse is a symbol of calamitous war.
Blood – A symbol of the carnage of war.
Beast – The term rendered beast in the Revision means a savage wild beast. Hence it is a symbol of a cruel, tyrannical persecuting power. The term used in chap. 4 , rendered beasts in the Common Version, is not the same. Instead of “Four Beasts” that should be rendered “Four Living Creatures.”
Binding – This symbol means to restrain, to hold; also to deprive of power and render helpless.
Book – The record of the divine will. To seal a book is to conceal its meaning, since ancient books were rolls and could not be read when sealed. To open seals is to disclose the meaning. To devour a book is to become master of its contents. The book with seven seals is the book of human destiny, an outline of the great events which connect themselves with the church until its final triumph. The opening of its seals is the revelation of future history.
Bow – The bow, a warlike weapon, when held in the hand is a symbol of war.
Bride – The spouse of Christ, the Church, the New Jerusalem.
Bridegroom – Jesus Christ. (Yahusha)
Candlestick – A symbol of a church, which should be a light in the world. The seven golden candlesticks are the seven churches. A symbol of any light-giving agency.
Chain – A symbol of bondage or affliction. To chain is to render powerless. To bind Satan with a chain is to destroy his power.
Cloud – An emblem of power and majesty. To ride upon the clouds is to appear in glory and exaltation.
Crown – The symbol of royal majesty. To enjoy exaltation and honor. To receive the crown of life is to receive the honors of eternal life.
Darkness – The well known symbol of calamity and affliction.
Day – “I have given you a day for a year.” One revolution of the earth on its axis is a symbol of its annual revolution in its orbit. “Twelve hundred and sixty days” means as many years.
Death – A symbol of destruction.
Dragon – The old pagan Roman Empire. The dragon was originally a symbol of a monarch. In Revelation it means the persecuting monarchy of Rome.
Earth – The ancient civilized world, which corresponded in John’s time with the Roman Empire. Political powers.
Earthquake – Political and moral revolutions and convulsions of society. The shaking of the established order of things. The subversion of states and fortunes.
Eclipse – Or the darkening of heavenly bodies, means the obscuration of the glory of kings and potentates of which sun, moon and stars are symbols.
Egypt – The place of spiritual bondage. A condition of sinfulness. Opposition to Christ.
Euphrates – The symbol of the Turkish power. To be “bound by the Euphrates” is to be restrained at that river.
Elders – Probably princes of righteousness.
False Prophets – A false spiritual power which falsely claims divine authority for its teaching.
Fire – Fierce destruction. Never the symbol of a blessing, but of a curse.
Fire from Heaven – Divine destruction; but fire brought down from heaven by the two-horned dragon means excommunication and anathemas of a false spiritual power.
Flood – Symbol of overpowering. Distress from persecution or any cause.
Forehead – A mark in the forehead means a public profession.
Fornication – Idolatry. See Adultery.
Grave – To put in the grave, signifies to consign to oblivion. “Not to suffer dead bodies to be put into the grave,” means that they shall be remembered.
Hail.–Ravages and destruction.
Hand.–A mark in the hand means the manner of life, or practice.
Harlot – An idolatrous community. The great Harlot is the apostate church. See Adultery.
Heavens and the Earth – The world. The political and religious universe. A new heavens and new earth imply a passing away of the old order of things and the establishment of a new order.
Horse – Used only for warlike purposes by the ancients and hence a symbol of war. The color of the horse indicates the condition of his rider and the state of the war.
Horns – “The great horn of the first king;” Daniel . A symbol of kings, kingdoms, or power. Seven horns indicate enormous power.
Incense – The prayers of the saints.
Islands – European states. In the prophets the “isles of the sea” meant the countries in and beyond the Mediterranean; hence, Europe.
Jerusalem – The capital of Judea and the seat of the temple becomes a symbol of the church of Christ. The “holy city” is contrasted with the “great city,” Jerusalem with Babylon, or the true with the false church.
Jezebel – An unholy woman is a symbol of an unholy influence in the church.
Key – A symbol of power to deliver or imprison, to open heaven or hell, or to shut them; of power to save or destroy.
King.–Supreme power of any kind. A government; a kingdom.
Lamb – The symbol of a sinless, sacrificial offering. The Lamb of God is Christ slain as a lamb from the foundation of the world.
Lion – A symbol of kingly power.
Locusts – The locusts, a devouring pest bred in the deserts of Arabia, are a symbol of devouring Arabian armies. The Arabians under Mohammed.
Manna – The bread of life. The truth of Christ.
Measuring Rod – The standard by which the church is measured. The Word.
Mountain – Some person or power conspicuous among men. Highly elevated. A great prince or government. A burning mountain is a baleful, destructive power.
Moon – A symbol of powers, rulers and great men which are not supreme. A light which shines by reflecting another light.
Merchants – A symbol of those who make a gain of godliness and traffic in religious privileges.
Palm – A symbol of joy or victory.
Pale Horse – An image of desolating war, and a reign of death.
Red Horse – An image of cruel, bloody war, distinguished by awful carnage.
River of Life – Christ is the fountain of life. The abundant, ever flowing life that Christ bestows, is fitly symbolized by a river. The river, and tree, of life mean essentially the same.
Rod – The symbol of rule. The rod of iron is a symbol of resistless sway.
Scarlet – This color, the color of blood, symbolizes bloody cruelty. A scarlet woman is a persecuting church.
Seven – The perfect number. Completeness.
Stars – Shining lights in the world. Conspicuous men, whether in the church or the state.
Sun – As the great light giver, in one sense a symbol of Christ. Also a supreme ruler. The moon and stars indicate great lights of society, but inferior to the sun.
Sword – A symbol of slaughter. Also of conquest. A sword in the hand indicates by carnal weapons. A sword proceeding from the mouth indicates conquests by the word of God.
Temple of God – The church of which the tabernacle and temple were types. The temple of God in heaven, open, is the abode of God, heaven itself, the church above.
Throne – A symbol of authority.
Trumpet – The blast of a trumpet signifies the forward march of armies, carnal or spiritual. Also the proclamation of war or peace.
Time – Time, times and half a time is an annual revolution of the earth, a year, two years, a half year, or three and a half years. “Seven times” passed over Nebuchadnezzar, or seven years.
Wine Press – A symbol of an effusion of blood and of distress.
White – To be clothed in white is to be innocent, pure, and to be triumphant.
White Horse – Triumphant and glorious war.
Whore – Apostate church. See Adultery.
Winds – Symbol of commotion; of mighty movements. The “Four Winds” are four invasions of the Roman Empire.
Witness – The two witnesses are the two Testaments, for such is the meaning of the latter word.
Woman – The “woman clothed with the sun” is the pure and faithful church. The Great Harlot is the false, faithless, apostate church. The church is often symbolized by a bride, or a woman bearing children. A pure woman represents a faithful church; an adulterous woman, “a harlot,” a false, apostate church.
Next Revelation Timeline Decoded Bible Study: Revelation Is Symbolic And Literal 

Why Yahuwshua?

from a study by EliYah

Some have written me asking for an explanation of why I use the form “Yahuwshua” in reference to the Messiah while others use “Yahshua”, “Yeshua” , Yahusha, or “Yehoshua”. The purpose of this study is to go through each of these pronunciations and determine which is the most correct.
I’m not one that believes that you need to pronounce the Messiah’s name exactly like I do in order to be saved. However, the issue of the Messiah’s name is a very important one. If you don’t believe me, read the below scriptures:
Acts 2:38 Then Kepha said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Yahuwshua Messiah for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Set-apart Ruwach.
Acts 3:6 Then Kepha said, “Silver and gold I do not have, but what I do have I give you: In the name of Yahuwshua Messiah of Nazareth, rise up and walk.”
Acts 3:16 “And His name, through belief in His name, has made this man strong, whom you see and know. Yes, the belief which [comes] through Him has given him this perfect soundness in the presence of you all.
Acts 4:7 And when they had set them in the midst, they asked, “By what power or by what name have you done this?”
Acts 4:10 “let it be known to you all, and to all the people of Ysra’al, that by the name of Yahuwshua Messiah of Nazareth, whom you crucified, whom Elohiym raised from the dead, by Him this man stands here before you whole.
Acts 4:12 “Nor is there salvation in any other, for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved.”
Acts 4:17 “But so that it spreads no further among the people, let us severely threaten them, that from now on they speak to no man in this name.” 18 And they called them and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Yahuwshua.
Acts 4:30 “by stretching out Your hand to heal, and that signs and wonders may be done through the name of Your Set-apart Servant Yahuwshua.”
Acts 5:28 saying, “Did we not strictly command you not to teach in this name? And look, you have filled Yahrushalom with your doctrine, and intend to bring this Man’s blood on us!”
Acts 5:40 And they agreed with him, and when they had called for the apostles and beaten [them], they commanded that they should not speak in the name of Yahuwshua, and let them go. 41 So they departed from the presence of the council, rejoicing that they were counted worthy to suffer shame for His name.
Acts 8:12 But when they believed Philip as he preached the things concerning the kingdom of Elohiym and the name of Yahuwshua Messiah, both men and women were immersed.
Acts 8:16 For as yet He had fallen upon none of them. They had only been immersed in the name of the Master Yahuwshua.
Acts 9:14 “And here he has authority from the chief priests to bind all who call on Your name.” 15 But the Master said to him, “Go, for he is a chosen vessel of Mine to bear My name before Gentiles, kings, and the children of Ysra’al. 16 “For I will show him how many things he must suffer for My name’s sake.”
Acts 9:21 Then all who heard were amazed, and said, “Is this not he who destroyed those who called on this name in Yahrushalom, and has come here for that purpose, so that he might bring them bound to the chief priests?”
Acts 9:27 But Barnabas took him and brought [him] to the apostles. And he declared to them how he had seen the Master on the road, and that He had spoken to him, and how he had preached boldly at Damascus in the name of Yahuwshua.
Acts 9:29 And he spoke boldly in the name of the Master Yahuwshua and disputed against the Hellenists, but they attempted to kill him.
Acts 10:43 “To Him all the prophets witness that, through His name, whoever believes in Him will receive remission of sins.”
Acts 15:14 “Simon has declared how Elohiym at the first visited the Gentiles to take out of them a people for His name.
Acts 15:26 men who have risked their lives for the name of our Master Yahuwshua Messiah.
Acts 16:18 And this she did for many days. But Paul, greatly annoyed, turned and said to the spirit, “I command you in the name of Yahuwshua Messiah to come out of her.” And he came out that very hour.
Acts 18:15 “But if it is a question of words and names and your own law, look [to] [it] yourselves; for I do not want to be a judge of such [matters].”
Acts 19:5 When they heard [this], they were immersed in the name of the Master Yahuwshua.
Acts 19:13 Then some of the itinerant Jewish exorcists took it upon themselves to call the name of the Master Yahuwshua over those who had evil spirits, saying, “We exorcise you by the Yahuwshua whom Paul preaches.”
Acts 19:17 This became known both to all Jews and Greeks dwelling in Ephesus; and fear fell on them all, and the name of the Master Yahuwshua was magnified.
Acts 21:13 Then Sha’ul answered, “What do you mean by weeping and breaking my heart? For I am ready not only to be bound, but also to die at Yahrushalom for the name of the Master Yahuwshua.”
And this is just in the book of Acts! The name of Yahuwshua is intricately linked with the person of Yahuwshua. So in light of the numerous scriptures which show us the importance of His name, we should at least seek to understand how it is pronounced. It is obviously important according to scripture.


Origin of the name “Jesus”

According to the American Heritage Dictionary, the etymological origin of “Jesus” is:
Jesus ..Middle English, from Late Latin Isus, from Greek Isous, from Hebrew yû‘, from yhôûa‘, Joshua…


Notice that it says that the origin of His name is from Latin, then Greek, then Hebrew. So the name “Jesus” is the result of 3 different languages placing their influence on the original name the disciples were proclaiming, baptizing in and praying in. Some of the influence is quite recent. In the 1611 King James Version, it originally had “Iesus” rather than “Jesus” (photo). Later revisions of the KJV changed it to “Jesus”. This leads me to ask some important questions: “Who is the one who gets to decide what it is changed to? Man or YaHuWaH? And if Yahuwshua is supposed to be the same yesterday, today and forever, why do they keep changing His name?”
If you look up the name “Jesus” in a Strong’s lexicon it has “Iesous”:
“2424 Iesous ee-ay-sooce’ of Hebrew origin (3091); Jesus (i.e. Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Ysra’alites:–Jesus.”
Notice that it traces the name of Messiah to Hebrew word #3091 in the Strong’s lexicon. This name is the same name as “Joshua, Son of Nun”. In the Hebrew, this name is spelled . (Yahuwshua)
While there are some out there claiming that “Jesus” is somehow derived from “Zeus”, I have yet to find anyone who is willing to present hard evidence of this claim. One person wrote a book which claimed that “Iesous” means “Hail Zeus”. When I contacted him by phone and asked him for evidence of this claim, he said “Iesous” means “Hail Zeus” in the sense that when you say the “Ie” it sounds like “Yaayy” and “Yaayy” is what people do in modern sports games when they hail their team. Thus, the statement that “Iesous” meant “Hail Zeus” had nothing to do with its meaning in the Greek language.
In fact, the Greek language spells Zeus (#2203 in the Strong’s Lexicon) as ZeuV and doesn’t even have the same letters or sound as the second syllable in IhsouV (Iesous). First of all, the Z in ZeuV produces a “dz” sound, not an “s” sound. Also the eu combination in ZeuVsounds like “eu as in feud“, a letter combination not found in any form of IhsouV/Iesous. So is ZeuV is actually pronounced “Dzyooce” and not “Sooce”. These things alone make it appear quite impossible that Iesous comes from “Zeus”. Look at the first page of the Greek Lexicon in your Strong’s concordance if you want confirmation of the sounds of these Greek letters.
Another important point is that the Septuagint, a Greek translation of the Hebrew scriptures that was completed many years before Yahuwshua came to earth, also rendered the Hebrew name “Yahuwshua” as IhsouV (Iesous). This fact alone clearly demonstrates that “Iesous” is a Greek form of  and wasn’t a form invented by apostate Christians who wanted to honor Zeus in some way.
Interestingly, there is evidence that although the name of Yahuwshua was written in Greek as IhsouV, it may have actually been pronounced the way a Hebrew speaking person would pronounce it. Around 178 CE, a pagan by the name of Celsus engaged in written debates with Christians. In one of them, Celsus (speaking of Christians) said:
“But of course they think otherwise: they assume that by pronouncing the name of their teacher they are armored against the powers of the earth and air. And they are quite insistent on the efficacy of the name as a means of protection: pronounce it improperly, they say, and it is ineffectiveGreek and Latin will not do; it must be said in a barbarian tongue to work. Silly as they are, one finds them standing next to a a statue of Zeus or Apollo or some other god, and shouting, “see here: I blaspheme it and strike it, but it is powerless against me for I am a Christian.” Celsus on the True Doctrine, A Discourse Against the Christians, R. Joseph Hoffman (page118)
Notice that Celsus was quoting Christians as saying that the name of “their teacher” (Yahuwshua no doubt) must not be spoken “improperly” and that it must not be spoken in a “Greek” way or “Latin” way, but in a “Barbarian tongue” for it to be effective. Of course, to the pagans the Hebrew language was nothing more than a barbarian language. This lends evidence that even though the name of Yahuwshua was written as IhsouV, there were at least some people speaking it in the Hebrew way. The Greek alphabet simply lacks the letters necessary to correctly convey how the name is pronounced in Hebrew.
So how is the name pronounced? Let’s start with the form that is found in various Hebrew Lexicons: “Yehoshua”.


In the Strong’s concordance and other Hebrew Lexicons, the pronunciation listed for the Messiah’s name is typically “Yehoshua”. While I do not believe we should be getting all of our Hebrew learning from a Strong’s lexicon alone (that would be dangerous), most of us do own a Strong’s Concordance so I will be using it during this study for the purposes of illustration.
The reason for the “Yehoshua” pronunciation is due to the Hebrew vowel pointing added by the Masorite scribes who were intent on “hiding” YaHuWaH’s Name. The vowel points are the little dots and dashes under and above certain Hebrew letters. Unlike English, Hebrew was written with mostly all consonants. It was up to the reader to supply the vowels in each word based on the context of the word. The Masorites were concerned that Hebrew was becoming a lost language so they invented the vowel point system to preserve the sounds of the Hebrew language. However, in keeping with tradition they were not interested in letting everyone speak the pronunciation of the Heavenly Father’s name. For this reason, they pointed the Heavenly Father’s name to produce the sound “Yehovah”.

Strongs 3068 – Yehovah – “the self-Existent or Eternal”

To avoid speaking the Heavenly Father’s name, the Jewish tradition was to say “Adonai” (“Lord”) instead of YaHuWaH. For this reason, our English bibles also say “LORD” instead of “YaHuWaH”. So rather than supplying the true vowels of the Heavenly Father’s name, the scribes inserted the vowels for “Adonai” so that the reader would be reminded to say “Adonai” rather than YaHuWaH.
But what if the Hebrew scriptures contained a phrase such as “Adonai YaHuWaH” (Master YaHuWaH)? They would then have to say “Adonai Adonai”, a rather odd (if not a bit embarrassing) phrase. Their solution was to put the vowel points for “Elohiym” within the Heavenly Father’s name so that they would be reminded to say “Adonai Elohiym” instead of “Adonai adonai”. This is even mentioned in the Strong’s lexicon and it lists it as a different word number. Read what it says:

 Strong 3069 – Yehovih (ye-ho-vee) variation of 3068 … “used and pronounced by Jews in order to prevent the repetition of the same sound”

“136” is the Hebrew word “Adonai” and “430” is the Hebrew word “Elohiym”. So these vowel points are used within the Father’s name whenever His name follows 136 (Adonai). And they pronounce this as 430 (Elohiym) to avoid having to say Adonai twice. For this reason, many English translations will render “Adonai YaHuWaH” as “the Lord GOD” with “GOD” being in all capitals to let the reader know that this is where the sacred name is found in the Hebrew. Very few even know that this is why “GOD” is sometimes in all capital letters (See Gen 15:2 for one of hundreds of examples of this). It is amazing how far men will go in order to cleave to tradition!
So how does this relate to the pronunciation of the Messiah’s name? Let’s take a look at His name again in the Strong’s Lexicon:

Strong 8091 – Yehowshua (yeh-ho-shoo’-ah)
Yehowshua (yeh-ho-shoo’-ah)
from 3068 and  3467 = Jehova-saved

Notice that there are other names listed in the Strong’s concordance which contain the first three letters of YaHuWaH’s name. And just like YaHuWaH’s name which starts with the “Yeho” vowel points, they use the “Yeho” vowel points in “Yehoram”, “Yehosheba”, “Yehoshaphat” and numerous other names which contain the first part of YaHuWaH’s name. The scribes apparently did not want anyone to accidentally pronounce the Heavenly Father’s name when saying these other names, so they changed the vowel points of those names as well.
Interestingly, they did not change the pronunciation of these same three letters when it was at the end of a person’s name. For instance, look at how Zechariah’s name is presented in the Hebrew text:

Strong 2148 – Zekaryah (zek-ar-yaw) or
Zekaryahuw (zek-ar-yaw-hoo)

Notice the different vowel pointing and pronunciation herein (“ZecharYahuw“). Phonetically, the first three letters in the Heavenly Father’s name are also pronounced “Yahu”. For this reason, the Heavenly Father’s name can be written as “YAHUwah” or “YaHuWaH” .

By the way, for those who think we cannot know what the vowel sounds were in YaHuWaH’s name, it only takes a little research to find the pronunciation of “Yod Heh Waw” because the scribes had no problem giving the correct pronunciation of these three letters at the end of a name. Because it ends in ‘Yahuw’, there was considered to be no risk in accidentally saying “YaHuWaH”. This would also explain why the scribes used the correct vowel points in the shortened form of YaHuWaH’s name (“Yah”):

Strong 3050 – Yahh – contraction for 3068

They even used the correct vowel pointing in “HalleluYah”. Thus, the only time they would revert to the “Yeho” pronunciation of these three letters was when it was at the beginning of a Hebrew name. But I want nothing to do with the unscriptural tradition of saying “Adonai/Lord/Elohiym/God” in place of YaHuWaH. That is one reason I do not refer to the Messiah as “Yehoshua”. “Yeho(ah)” does not save, “Yahuw(ah)” saves!
Having said this, there are some Hebrew students and scholars who have noticed that a natural progression of Hebrew language is to shorten the first vowel and lengthen the second whenever the accent is on the third syllable (in this case “shu”) of a Hebrew word. This would indeed result in the “Y’hoshua” or “Yehoshua” pronunciation. For this reason, some believe “Yehoshua” to actually be the correct pronunciation.
But while this may be true in normal Hebrew words, there is plenty of evidence to support that this was not true in personal names–especially with names containing the first part of YaHuWaH’s name. The Murashu texts, dated 5th century BCE and written on clay tablets in cuneiform script, list the names of about 70 Jewish settlers in Persia.  In these tablets, vowels are used. The Hebrew names which begin with Yod Heh Waw all are written “Yahuw-” and never “Y’ho”.
“In the cuneiform texts Yeho [YHW], Yo [YW] and Yah [YH] are written Yahuw, as for example in the names Jehu (Yahuw-a), Jehoahaz (Yahuw-khazi) and Hezekiah (Khazaqi-yahuw)” A. H. Sayce in “Higher Criticism” notes on p. 87
Notice that not only were names beginning with “Yeho” written as “Yahuw”, but also names beginning with “Yo” such as “Yochanan” (John) and “Yoel” (Joel) were written as “Yahuw”. This indicates John and Joel were originally “Yahuwchanan” and “Yahuwel”.
Also, cuneiform tablets (also containing vowels) were discovered near the Ishtar gate in Babylon which give a list of workers and captives to whom rations were given. In addition to validating the biblical account in 2Kings 25:27-29 where it mentions that Jehoiachin (Yahuwiachin) ate at the King’s table, these tablets help to establish the way these names were pronounced before the Masorite scribes inserted their vowel pointings based on tradition:
“Yauwkin, king of the land of Yahuwd,” (“Jehoiachin, the king of the land of Judah”)
Another witness is found in an inscription of the Assyrian monarch Tiglath-pileser III (Gressmann Bilder 348; ANET 282a). When listing those kings who were paying tribute to this Assyrian King, it mentions “Yauwhazi”, also known as “Ahaz”. Various lexicons such as the New Brown-Driver-Briggs-Gesenius Hebrew-English Lexicon (p. 219 b) and the Hebrew Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament (under “Ahaz”) mention this inscription as well.
With all the evidence, it becomes clear that the name was never originally pronounced “Yehoshua”. Rather “Yahuwshua” is more correct and there is no reason to mispronounce the Heavenly Father’s name when speaking the name of His Son. Just as names which end with a reference to YaHuWaH correctly convey the Father’s name (“ZecharYah/ZecharYahuw”), so do the names which begin with it.


Much used by the Messianic movement, “Yeshua” is actually an Aramaic form of the Hebrew name “Yahuwshua”. In the Hebrew script, it is not spelled the same as Yahuwshua. The “Yeshua” name, spelled (Yod Shin Waw Ayin), is found in the books of Nehemiah and Ezra where it lists the names of those who returned from the Babylonian exile. One of them is called “Jeshua, the son of Jozadak”:
Ezra 3:2 Then stood up Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren the priests, and Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and his brethren, and builded the altar of the Elohiym of Yisra’el, to offer burnt offerings thereon, as it is written in the law of Moshe the man of Elohiym.
“Jeshua the Son of Jozadak” is the same High Priest mentioned in Zechariah 6:
Zechariah 6:11 Then take silver and gold, and make crowns, and set them upon the head of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest;
Notice that in Zechariah, he is not called “Jeshua the son of Jozadak” but he is called “Joshua the son of Josedech” (Heb. Yahuwshua the son of Yahuwtsadak). This reflects the Hebrew spelling of the same name. So in Zechariah, he is called Yahuwshua but in Ezra he is called Yeshua. The book of Nehemiah also changes the name of Joshua the son of Nun to “Jeshua, the son of Nun”:
Nehemiah 8:17 And all the congregation of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Jeshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Ysra’al done so. And there was very great gladness.
The change in spelling to “Jeshua/Yeshua” (“Yod Shin Waw Ayin” ) is due to the Aramaic influence during the exile. In fact, parts of the book of Ezra are written in Aramaic. For confirmation, look at your Strong’s Lexicon:
Strong 3442 – Yeshuwa (yay-shoo’-ah)
3443 — Yeshuwa (yay-shoo’-ah) correp. to 3432
3444 – yeshuw’ah (yesh-oo’-aw) = something saved, deliverance
Notice that #3442 and #3443 are the same exact word with the same Hebrew spelling, but this lexicon lists them separately. Why is this? Well, if you looked up “Jeshua” in the concordance, you will notice that it lists “Jeshua” in Ezra 3:2 as coming from #3442 and “Jeshua” in Ezra 5:2 coming from #3443. The reason for the two different Strong’s word numbers is Ezra 5:2 is a part of the book of Ezra which was written in Aramaic (Ezra 4:8 through 6:18; 7:12-26). This is why #3443 mentions “Yeshuwa” as coming from “Chaldean” in the above definition (3443. Yeshuwa’ (Chald.)). Therefore, “Yeshua” is actually an Aramaic rendering of “Yahuwshua”.
Now, some claim that Yeshua (yod-shin-waw-ayin) is a pure Hebrew word which isn’t derived from “Yahuwshua” at all, but that it is a Hebrew word meaning “Salvation”. The problem with that is the Hebrew word for “Salvation” is not (yod-shin-waw-ayin) (yeshua) at all! The Hebrew word for “Salvation” is word number #3444. Take a look again in the above lexicon graphic and see the differences between 3442/3443 and 3444. They are:
  • There is an additional Hebrew letter at the end (the “Heh”). ((yod-shin-waw-ayin-heh)uses the silent (but anciently guttural) “Ayin” letter to end the word, but #3444 ends in the letter “Heh”. While vowel letter under both words indicate they have have a similar sounding ending, the different spelling indicates they are two different words.
  • In #3444 (Yeshuwah) there is a different vowel pointing under the first Hebrew letter (Yod [remember Hebrew reads from right to left]). 3442/3443 (YESHUA) has 2 horizontal dots underneath the first letter like this: (..) These two horizontal dots represent the Hebrew Vowel point “Tsere” (pronounced Tsey-rey) which produces the “ey” sound as in the English word “Hey”. But #3444 has twovertical dots underneath the first letter like this (:). The two vertical dots represent the Hebrew vowel point “Sheva” which is a very short “e”, somewhat like our “E” sound in the word “Average” (Check the first page of your Strong’s Hebrew Lexicon for verification of this).
    Incidentally, the (:) (Sheva) is also the vowel point used by the scribes in “Yehoshua” and it is why you will sometimes see “Yehoshua” or “Yeshua” written as “Y’hoshua” and “Y’shua”. The purpose of the  is to indicate the presence of the sheva vowel point in Hebrew. But as you can see, “Yeshua” does not contain that vowel point at all. “Yeshua” uses the “Tsere” Hebrew vowel point which produces an “ey” sound. So Yeshua and Y’shuah are actually pronounced differently. The Strong’s Lexicon indicated this when it gave the pronunciation of (yod-shin-waw-ayin) as ‘yay-shoo-ah‘, but #3444 as ‘yesh-oo-aw‘.

So the name “Yeshua” and the Hebrew word “Y’shuah” are not the same. “Yeshua” is the Aramaic form of “Yahuwshua” and “Y’shuah” is the Hebrew word for “Salvation”. Therefore, in spite of what some may say, I find no evidence to suggest that (yod-shin-waw-ayin)(“Yeshua”) means “Salvation” in Hebrew. “Yeshua” is actually not an authentic Hebrew word meaning “salvation”. For it to mean “Salvation” it would have to have the Hebrew letter “heh” added to the end of it, changing the spelling to Yod Shin Waw Ayin Heh and it would need to have the (:) “Sheva” vowel point under the Yod. These things further indicate that “Yeshua” isn’t from Hebrew, but is an Aramaic form of “Yahuwshua”.
Since the Heavenly Father’s name (YaHuWaH) is a Hebrew name, I would not expect to see His Son’s name coming from some other language, whether it be Greek, Latin, Aramaic or English. If neither of these languages do it right, why not return to the original and correct form?


This form gaining in popularity fairly recently. However, it is easily proven to be incorrect. Let’s examine the Strong’s Lexicon entry that represents the Messiah’s name again:
 Strong 3091 – Yehowshuwah (yeh-ho-shoo’ah) or
Yehowshu’a (yeh-ho-shoo’-ah)
Notice in the Hebrew letters that there are two variant spellings of the Messiah’s name here. The first spelling has 6 letters יהושוע and the second spelling has 5 letters יהושע. This is because both spellings are used in scripture. The predominant spelling is יהושע but the longer spelling is also found in scripture. Here are two places where the longer spelling is employed:
Deuteronomy 3:21 “And I commanded Joshua יהושוע at that time, saying, ‘Your eyes have seen all that YaHuWaH your Elohiym has done to these two kings; so will YaHuWaH do to all the kingdoms through which you pass.
Judges 2:7 So the people served YaHuWaH all the days of Joshua  (Yahuwshua), and all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua (Yahuwshua)  יהושוע, who had seen all the great works of YaHuWaH which He had done for Ysra’al.
Variant spellings are not uncommon in Hebrew (especially in names) and usually the longer spelling is the older form and the newer spelling was the result of an extra letter that was not needed.
The longer spelling is also found in the Dead Sea Scrolls (e.g. 4Q364 and Damascus Document 5:4).
We do not really need the extra “waw” ו to give us the “shua” sound but since the longer spelling is still being used in the scriptures, it proves that the Messiah’s name cannot be “Yahusha.”
Here is how each letter is pronounced:
י Yod – Produces a “Y” or “I” sound.
ה Heh – As a Hebrew vowel letter it can produce the “Ah” (like in #8283 “Sarah“).
ו Waw – Also called “Vav”. As a Hebrew vowel letter it can produce an “oo” (u) sound like in #7307 Ruach.
ש Shin – Produces the “sh” sound. The following “oo” sound is indicated by a vowel pointing but Deut. 3:21 and Judges 2:7 actually gives us another “waw” after this letter, proving the “shu” pronunciation as valid. This is why Strong’s 3091 gives 2 possible spellings (see above lexicon graphic). This also eliminates “Yasha/Yahusha” and “Yahoshea/Yahushea” as being possibilities.
ו Waw – Again, produces an “oo” (u) sound as in #7307 Ruach. This is the ignored letter in the pronunciation “Yahusha”. The fact that this spelling that includes the Waw exists in the scriptures proves that the Messiah’s name cannot be “Yahusha.”
ע Ayin – Silent without a vowel point but indicates an “ah” sound at the end of “Yahuwshua”.
Those who use “Yahusha” will claim that the “shua” ending cannot be correct and that “shua” actually means something else, but but “shua” sound is found in numerous verb forms which mean “salvation.”
Here are some examples:
  • The Strong’s word #3444 is pronounced “Yeshuah” but it is derived from #3467 “Yasha.” This shows that the “shua” sound can indeed be derived from the root word for salvation, “Yasha.” It’s just the Passive Participle form of “Yasha.”
  • The Aramaic form of Yahuwshua we discussed earlier uses “Yeshua” ישוע and just like יהושוע uses a “waw” ( ו )to give us the “shoo” sound in “shua.” If the original Hebrew form were “Yahusha,” the Aramaic form of the same name would not have been pronounced “Yeshua” (#3442) to begin with. But the Aramaic form is found in the scriptures in 29 verses of inspired scripture (e.g. 1Chron 24:11, 2Chron. 31:15, Strong’s #3442).
  • The Greek form of the name “Iesous” gives us an “oo” sound at the end of the name. Since the “Iesous” form is found in the Septuagint, a translation of the scriptures into Greek that was completed 200 years before Messiah came, it shows that the “oo” sound existed at the end of Yahuwshua prior to the time that Yahuwshua came and died for our sins.
  • The Masoretic Hebrew vowel points give us a “shua” ending as well. That’s why all Hebrew lexicons give us the “shua” pronunciation in this name.
Thus, in spite of those who claim it cannot, the Messiah’s name can have the “shua” sound even though it is derived from “yasha” (meaning “salvation”) and there are clear examples in the scripture where “Yahusha” would be an impossible rendition of the Messiah’s name.
So the pronunciation “Yahusha” can be proven wrong by simply looking at the scriptures and knowing that in order to arrive at the “Yahusha” pronunciation, we would need to ignore the scriptures which clearly have a ו (oo sound) after the ש (sh sound). Ignoring scripture is not something I want to participate in.

Why Yahushua and Not Yahusha (YouTube Video)


This is another popular way of writing the Messiah’s name but I have never seen an example of this word anywhere in scripture.
It appears to have its origins in the Sacred Name movement in the 1930’s when certain men saw that “Jesus” was derived from “Joshua”. Since they understood that the “J” sound is not in the Hebrew language, “Yahshua” was apparently considered correct. It made sense so I used this form for many years. However, I later learned that “Yahshua” clearly ignores the third letter of the Messiah’s name (Waw) which gives us the “oo” (u) sound in Yahuwshua. To demonstrate this, let’s look at the individual letters of .
י Yod  – Produces a “Y” or “I” sound.
ה Heh – As a Hebrew vowel letter it produces the “Ah” or “Oh” sound (like in #8283 “Sarah” and #8010 Sh’lomoh). Otherwise produces the “H” sound and the “ah” sound would have to be supplied by the reader.
ו Waw – Also called “Vav”. As a Hebrew vowel letter it produces an “oo” (u) or “oh” sound (like in #7307 Ruach). Otherwise produces a “W” sound. This is the ignored letter in the pronunciation “Yahshua”. This letter is nowhere represented. Where is the W or initial U??
ש Shin – Produces the “sh” sound. The following “oo” sound is indicated by a vowel pointing but Deut. 3:21 and Judges 2:7 actually gives us another “waw” after this letter, proving the “shu” pronunciation as valid. This is why Strong’s 3091 gives 2 possible spellings (see above lexicon graphic). This also eliminates “Yasha/Yahusha” and “Yahoshea/Yahushea” as being possibilities.
ע Ayin – Silent without a vowel point but indicates an “ah” sound at the end of “Yahuwshua”.
So if the Messiah’s name was “Yahshua”, we would have to delete the third letter (waw) in . For this reason,  cannot not be pronounced “Yahshua”.
There are some who claim that “Yahshua” is actually the correct pronunciation of the Aramaic word (yod-shin-waw-ayin) (“Yeshua”) and the Hebrew scribes simply took out the proper vowel sounds, replacing the “Yah” with “Ye”. But as mentioned before,(yod-shin-waw-ayin)is not a legitimate Hebrew word. Also, as seen in the above scans of the Strong’s Lexicon (and the Hebrew manuscripts as well), the scribes used the “Sheva” vowel pointing (:) to replace the “Ah” sound in “YaHuWaH” and “Yahuwshua”, not the “Tsere” (:) vowel pointing as is found in the name “Yeshua”. If they were interested in changing the vocalization of “Yeshua” to fit their tradition, one would expect them to use  the (:) as they did in  and all of the other names beginning with “Yah”.

Why use Yahuwshua?

Since we seek to walk in the truth, we should want to proclaim His name as YaHuWaH gave it. YaHuWaH is the one who named His Son and we simply have no business changing it. It is all these changes that have brought about the confusion. It can be complicated to sort through it all, but truth seeking is an honorable thing that is pleasing in YaHuWaH’s eyes.
Of course, if we are somehow unable to pronounce the Messiah’s name, certainly YaHuWaH is able to show mercy. But if we are able to, what reason do we have to continue in error? It is better to cleave to what YaHuWaH gave rather than continuing in the traditions and mistakes of men. Continuing in error is never superior to walking in the truth.
YaHuWaH predicted what His Son’s name would be, so we have something we can look to for clarification. In the book of Zechariah, it states:
Zechariah 6:9-13 And the word of YaHuWaH came unto me, saying, 10 Take of them of the captivity, even of Heldai, of Tobijah, and of Jedaiah, which are come from Babylon, and come thou the same day, and go into the house of Josiah the son of Zephaniah; 11 Then take silver and gold, and make crowns, and set them upon the head of Joshua [YAHUWSHUA] the son of Josedech, the high priest; 12 And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh YaHuWaH of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of YaHuWaH: 13 Even he shall build the temple of YaHuWaH; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.
“The Branch” is a prophetic reference to the coming Messiah who would be a Priest AND King (Compare Psallm 110, Isaiah 9:6).
So Zechariah was instructed to take a crown and place it on the head of Yahuwshua (in the Hebrew it has ), the son of Yahuwtsadak. Yahuwtsadak means “YaHuWaH is righteous”. When placing the crown on the head of  the High Priest, Zechariah was told to proclaim:

 “Behold the man whose NAME is the BRANCH”.

Thus, this High Priest (Yahuwshua) had the same name as the coming Messiah who would reign as a priest on His throne. YaHuWaH revealed what His name would be, so why not call Him by that name? We see the examples of the apostles who were proclaiming His name, baptizing in His name, healing in His name, being persecuted for His name, etc. Let’s be willing to do the same by using the Messiah’s name as it is written and understood in Hebrew with a very important Hebrew meaning:

YaHuWaH saves!

Yahushua VS Yahusha VS Yeshua – The Mashiyach’s Name

About Yahweh

The Ysra’al of today is walking the same path that the Ysra’al of the Judges and of some of the Kings walked. Ysra’al has always been prone to wander and make for itself “Aluahiym’s that are not Aluahiym’s”. Aluahiym’s that are the creation of their own minds or that of others. Our Mighty Ones (Aluahiym) has but ONE Name – and it is found only where all Truth is found – in His Word.  Period! If you cannot find it in His Word then it is the wrong Name!

His Name is not found through the wisdom of man: encyclopedias, clever “yahweh” studies, what the Samaritans called Him – “Yabeh”, or what the Greek scholars said His Name was – Yabe (Yave), or Yahovey (English pronunciation).  For those who have eyes to see – count the letters in yahweh – there are six – the number of man. While in YaHuWaH, there are seven – YaHuWaH’s perfect number!

Four ancient Ibry [Hebrew] consonants cannot yield a two syllable word – yahweh.  Nor can four Ibry vowel sounds (per Josephus) yield a two syllable word – yahweh. However, with all of this said, the real test as to the validity of “yahweh” (yahway) is by the Word – the ONLY true test! What is truly amazing is that the “Studies of the Great Name” on many of the yahweh web sites come to this conclusion: “The spelling Yahweh is acceptable as long as one remembers that the “w” has a “uu” sound and not a hard “w” sound.” .… this would yield “Yahuweh (Yah-uu-eh)” which at least contains the “Yahuw” – I AM HE.

It is also interesting that we have three syllables in the “cover-up” done by the Masoretic scribes. So what did those who wished to cover Him up do?  They took the four letters YHWH  and its three vowels; and placed in those four letters, their modern vowel-pointed Hebrew for Adonai. …. By the way Adonai is still three syllables with three vowels.  What this shows is that they also knew that The Great Name had three syllables, not the two – ascribed by so called modern scholars

This is from “”: Concerning the name “Yahweh” – it’s close, except it can’t be. The Fathers name in Hebrew is spelled Yod-Hey-Waw-Hey (YHWH). Now Yod-Hey (YH) is a root and Waw-Hey (WH) is also a root. When you add two roots together you end up with three syllables. Now every seven-year-old kid in the first grade in Israel knows this. This is fundamental rule in basic Hebrew grammar. With the vowel points YH becomes Yah, and WH become Wah, when you add them all together you get YaHuWaH pronounced Yah-hoo-wah with three syllables. Another issue with the name Yahweh is the Hey (H) can’t have one sound one time then another sound another. Yahweh has the Hey (H) as aH in the first root then eH in the second root, which is it?


Concerning the oft repeated phrase “I AM HE” which is “Ani Huw (first person)” in Hebrew and translates into “YaHuW (third person)”(Hebrew spelling), and is a major identifying part of His Great Name -YaHuWaH, is for some reason, not seen or acknowledged by them as being of any importance! Notice the text below, just one of many in which the identifying phrase “I AM HE” is used. (The actual Hebrew reads just “I He” – “Ani Huw” – the “am” is place between these words for clarification.)

YashaYahuw (Isaiah) 52:5-6 “And saith – I AM HE  Who is Self Existent; Continually everyday I lament the destruction of My Name that they have set to blaspheme.  Therefore in That Day speaks He, certainly My Name they shall know; it is He Who Exists (YaHuWaH); with tears they shall report, BEHOLD! (from Hebrew)

Since “I AM HE” = “Ani Huw” = “YaHuW”,  then the text above from the Hebrew could be read as follows: 52:5-6 “And saith – YaHuW Who is Self Existent; Continually everyday I lament the destruction of My Name that they have set to blaspheme.  Therefore in That Day speaks He, certainly My Name they shall know; it is He Who Exists (YaHuWaH); with tears they shall report, BEHOLD!
Yahuwdah while in captivity to Babel and on into the reigns of the Medes and Persians were known to those who “loved them not” as the “bearded Yahuw’s” as many of them had “yahuw” as part of their names. Some examples of this are:Ya’azanYahuw, ChabatstanYahuw, YigdalYahuw, Ma’aseYahuw, YoshiYahuw, YirmeYahuw, YashaYahuw, Yahuwyaquim, TsidqiYahuw —- all of these names had meanings that in some manner described their relationship to YaHuWaH. ChabatstanYahuw means “Brightness of YaHuWaH, YigdalYahuw means “Magnified by YaHuWaH, Ma’aseYahuw means “work of YaHuWaH. It is “in” these names that we see the foremost part of the Name of YaHuW-aH – not Yahweh. For the Name of our Mighty One – the Only One is verified in the names of His people.

Shemoth 20:7 “You shall not bring the Name of YaHuWaH  your Aluahiym to naught, for YaHuWaH will not hold him guiltless who brings His Name to naught. (ruin, nothing, despised, worthless – by wrong or non-use)


Mishle/Proverbs 30:4

Who has ascended up into heaven, and descended?

Who has gathered the wind in His fists?

Who has bound the waters in His garment?

Who has established all the ends of the earth?

What is His Name, and what is His Son’s Name, if you know?

That text above from Mishle [Proverbs] 30:4 –  is one that is loved and used by many of Ysra’al when introducing others to the Names of the Eternal One and His Anointed.  It still has much to say to us of Ysra’al today – and needs answering.  Ysra’al of today is awash with names that are not names, names that “bring to nothing” the Name of the Eternal One [YaHuWaH] and His Mashiyach [Messiah]Names that cannot be proven from Scripture and have no Scriptural basis.

With this said, I would like to make the following challenges: First challenge – that you use the four texts below to test the validity of the Names by which you call on the Eternal One and His Anointed.  These texts are self-checking, that is, the Father’s Name should appear within the Name of His Anointed according to text one; and the Anointed’s Name should contain the Father’s Name according to text two & three. …. and the Anointed’s Name should be distinctive from all other Names given as stated in text four.  So write out the Names you call our Father and His Son and see if they meet these requirements!  – and there is no way that YaHuWaH’s Name can be separated from the Name of His Anointed,  for YaHuWaH’s Name must be within the Name of YaHuWSHuWaH. (For YaHuWaH was within YaHuWSHuWaH in all His Weightiness, Fullness and Power – bringing the world to Himself) The enunciation of one Name will verify the other Name!

1. ☛  Shemoth/Exodus 23:20 “Behold, I send My Messenger before you, to guard you by the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared. 23:21 Pay attention to Him, and listen to His voice. Don’t provoke Him, for He shall not pardon your disobedience, for My Name is in Him.” ….  (the  Name for Himself that He gave to Moshah – YaHuWaH)

2. ☛  Yahuwchanan [John]  5:43 I have come in My Father’s Nameand you don’t receive Me. If another comes in his own name, you shall receive him.” and ….

3.  Yahuwchanan [John]17:11 O Set-apart Father, guard them by Your Name, which You have given Methat they may be one union, even as We are.”

Along with these two texts, one must keep in mind that “The Name” given to the Mashiyach is above and is distinctive from all other names – the Fathers’s name is within His  … as Sha’uwl states in Phillipians 2: 9-11:

4.  Which is why YaHuWaH also highly exalted Him, and gave to Him A Name which is above every other name; in order that at the Name of YaHuWSHuWaH  every knee should bow, of the ones in the heavens, and the ones on the earth, and the ones under the earth, and that every tongue should openly acknowledge: YaHuWSHuWaH the Anointed is YaHuWaH, to the esteem of Aluah the Father”(cf. YashaYahuw 45:23-24 – By Myself I have sworn, the Word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, that to Me every knee shall bow, and every tongue shall swear. They shall say of Me, ‘There is righteousness and strength only within YaHuWaH!”)

A positive example of this “self check” is given here:

1.  [From the Hebrew: The Father: –  YaHuWaH : The Son: – YaHuWSHuWaH   (YaHuW-SHuWaH – I AM HE YaHuWaH who SAVES/DELIVERS). He came in His Father’s Name – including the tetragrammaton.]

2. [One name combination that does not follow these texts is:

 Yahweh (Yahway) for the Father and Y’shua, Yahshua, or Yahusha, for the Son.  The name Yahweh is not within YaHuWSHuWaH, as He did not come in that name  ….. therefore, something is wrong!] (Though, I did come across a web site that was true to the above “tests” – They call the Father yahweh, and His Son yahwehshua. – at least they are honest to the texts!)


The Masoretic text from which many scholars, Christians, and Messianic’s get the name Yahweh – using the YHWH of the tetragammaton – do not understand that the Masoretic’s incorrectly borrowed the vowels from the Hebrew word for “Lord” and attached these vowels to the tetragammaton. In doing so they came up with the name “Jehovah”. But knowing there is no “J” sound in Hebrew or “V” sound in Hebrew, they eventually came up with Yahweh (Yah-way) – to which most cling tenaciously.

With a little research, one can easily find that the Greeks called their chief god “Zeus”. The Romans called him “Jupiter” for he was their chief god. He was their god of light, the sky and weather, and the god of the state, of its laws, and its welfare. Jupiter was also given the name “Jove” in Latin. Let’s take a look at how “Jove” is pronounced.

In Latin there is no “J” sound –  but is pronounced like the English “Y”. The short “O” in Latin sounds like the English “AH”. The Latin “V”  sounds like the English “W” as there is no “V” sound in Latin. The “E” in Latin sounds like the short “EH” in English. Now let’s see how “Jove”  is sounded out in English.
J = Y
O = AH
V = W
E = EH


Therefore, those who call the Eternal One – The Creator of All – by the name YAHWEH are calling Him by the name of the Roman god Jupiter, and the Greek god Zeus. This is nothing less than an abomination – bringing His Name to nothing, and mouthing the name of a pagan god and then saying it is His Name.

Here is a challenge” from another website dealing with the name “yahweh – yah-way”
“In fact, I issue this challenge to anyone who believes the Creator’s name to be “Yahweh.”
If you’ll send me a copy of the name “Yahweh” written in Hebrew with the Masoretic vowel points; along with the corresponding locations in the Old Testament (Masoretic Text) where that particular combination of consonants and vowels points appear in writing, and articulates the pronunciation “Yahweh,” I will gladly place it here!” (No one has ever sent him the data he requested!)

Note: That the Father’s Name appear within His Mashiyach’s Name is vital, for YaHuWaH’s Mashiyach isYaHuWaH manifested in the flesh-!! A beautiful and wonderful truth that explains so much in the Word …. and is very easy to see throughout the Writings of the TaNaK [First Testament] and the Brit Chadasha. [Apostolic Writings/New Testament]

Acts 2:36  “Let all the house of Ysra’al therefore know certainly that Aluah has made this YaHuWSHuWaH whom you hanged on a stake, both Master YaHuWaH and haMashiyach.”

Acts 2:38 Kepha said to them, “Each of you reconsider, and be immersed, every one of you, in the Name of the Master YaHuWaH-YaHuWSHuWaH haMashiyach for the washing away of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Ruwach haQadosh. from AENT

Note: Derivatives of the Name of The Almighty should also be found in the Word within the names of His people.[All Hebrew names have meaning and often picture the works, deliverance, and wonders of the Eternal One. …. YashaYahuw [Isaiah] (YaHuWaH is deliverance) and YirmeYahuw [Jeremiah](YaHuWaH will raise up) are examples of this. YirmeYahuw 15:16 Your Words were found, and I ate them; and Your Words were to me a joy and the rejoicing of my heart: for I am called by Your Name, YaHuWaH, Aluahiym of Hosts. (YirmeYahuw = (YaHuWaH will raise up or appoint”) Note: There are also some 99 others of Ysra’al who have “YaHuW” in their names: 72 names that end with “YaHuW”, 27 names having “YaHuW” at the beginning, and 1 with it in the middle. … for a total of 100! (YaHuw – YHW – is the Hebrew spelling)

*Note on the úW/uw : The “waw” in Paleo-Hebrew and Ancient-Hebrew is  pronounced as “uW”, it is not just a simple “v” or “w” sound. …. rhymes with “wuu”. Dawid Ray ” False Name and Mystery Babylon”

Second challenge: can you find one name – just one – given in the TaNaK that is a derivative of “Yahweh“??  Let the “judge” be the “Blue Scriptures” from ISR … for some “yahweh people” have their “own” versions which have been liberally “tweaked”!

There will be coming soon a time of great testing, of oppression/tribulation and of trial; we will need to call upon the Name of The Almighty for deliverance. … and if we have the wrong name – their will be no deliverance.  Now is the time to be sure we know that Name and trust in it. Psalms 9:9-10 YaHuWaH will also be a high tower for the oppressed; a high tower in times of trouble. Those who know Your Name will put their trust in You, for You, YaHuWaH, have not forsaken those who seek You. … and from Yahuw’al  2:32 It will happen that whosoever shall call on the Name of YaHuWaH  shall be delivered;  for in Mount Tsiyon and in  Yahrushalom there shall be those who escape [are delivered], as YaHuWaH  has said, and in the remnantthose whom YaHuWaH shall call.  [Acts 2:21; Romans 10:13]

In First Melakim [Kings] 18, there is the recounting of the apostasy of the first House of Ysra’al led by Iyzebel (see First Melakim [Kings] 17- 21 page) and her false prophets during Ach’ab’s reign. (A very prophetic passage being played out in many of the Ysra’al of today, who are calling on the name “yahweh” or other false names – (Ba’al),  – and whose false prophets number at least 850 and who eat at Iysebel’s table! cf. Rev. 2:19-24) Perhaps these “850 false prophets should assemble themselves together and see if they can find in the TaNaK [First Testament] just one derivative of “yahweh” ….. it can’t be done!  Many of the present day “prophets of yahweh/Ba’al” are also “nico- laitans” (rulers of the layity – their excuse being that they are protecting their flock from the “wolves”, however, their real motive is to keep the flock under their control so they can be easily “fleeced”; spiritually, emotionally, doctrinally, and in some cases financially!)

Jacob O. Meyer of the “Assemblies of Yahweh” states that he is 99.99% sure that the Great Name is Yahweh …. but if he finds out differently from some advanced “scholarship”, then he will change his position! What an amazing statement! He is denying the Word – the only source where one can find the Great Name! He needs to (as all yahweh believers should) – heed the word that YaHuWaH gave us in YashaYahuw [Isaiah] 2:22 “Stop trusting in man, whose breath is in his nostrils; for of what account is he?” and from YirmeYahuw [Jeremiah] 17:5 ” Thus says YaHuWaH: Cursed is the man who trust in man, and makes flesh his arm, and whose heart turns away from YaHuWaH!” This is especially true for those seeking to know His Great Name!

There are many more just like him who turn their backs on the only true source  of Wisdom – the Word – where His Name can be proven. There is a host of different “Assemblies”, “Congregations”, “Houses” of yahweh, etc. All of which rely on “sources” for His Name that are not Scriptural, and lean upon the fact … “there are so many of us that call upon this name, how can it be wrong”. Well, so did all Ysra’al  call upon “Ba’al” in the days of Ach’ab when Iysebel and her false prophets led Ysra’al astray.  What has been – will be!

As for those who say – and they are many – “It really doesn’t matter if we say “yahweh” or “YaHuWaH” or any other name, for Aluahiym “knows” what we mean and He will accept what we say until He makes His Name known to us.” (- but He already has! It’s in His Word for those willing to search it out!) But, if this is how you feel, well, why not go back to g_d, l_rd, j_zeus, etc. – for YaHuWaH “knows” what we mean and therefore it is acceptable with Him! I think NOT!

The Wu Sound is essential for the above above words!

Yes, it’s all about Names – the correct ONES

Enoch Calendars Galore! Solar Lunar Calendars by The Dozen! ​


One of Last Two Qumran Dead Sea Scrolls Reconstructed, Deciphered, Throwing Light on Alternative Jewish Calendar

Are Any Of Them Right?
YHWH Calendar detail-from-a-dead-sea-scroll

By Sholiach Moshe Yoseph Koniuchowsky

Are Any Of Them Right?

Some of you have found that the true times of YHWH, angels, prophets and Temple Zadokite priests are Solar, with the stars as a second firm and sound witness. Congratulations that is the good news! You have heeded the warnings of Torah in Gen. 1:14-17 & Jubilees and no longer use the moon. Now many calendars out there claim to be Enochian or done by Enoch or to follow his principles, even though he actually did not have a calendar nor did he compile a calendar. Allow me to list a few Enochian calendars that claim Enoch or the Zadokites at Qumran as their authority but have errors in their understanding. We will also tackle the Solar Lunar error, as well as the issues with the Hillel the 3rd Jewish calendar.

-Some Enochian calendars start at the Equilux March 16th. This is incorrect due to the global sign of the Aviv missing. The AVIV-OT works everywhere and is specific to just 2 days a year and is not based on a local light event. Enoch teaches 9 parts day and night not equal nano-seconds. The Sign of the Aviv marks 9 parts day and night, as opposed to the manmade additional demand of exact equal sunrise and sunset times, which may vary due to lights refraction.


Not All Calendars Claiming Enoch Stand The Test of His Word!

– Some Enochian calendars use the Spring Equinox as Day 1 or Aviv 1. This is a major error which we once practiced because one day cannot contain parts of Winter and Spring. Enoch 72:31-32 states that New Years Day, Aviv 1, is ALWAYS the day after the Spring Equinox on Day 364. Those who follow this tradition disobey Scripture and all their Shabbats and feast days are one day off. If they were to make this one adjustment they would be back on track with Scripture. 

– Some Enochian calendars correctly count 364 [360 +4] as commanded in the Word and correctly start Aviv 1 the next day but in order to fix Saturday as the Shabbat, falsely claim that the Spring Equinox is always on a Tuesday and Aviv 1 is always on a Wednesday. A look at the Roman week [which they use as opposed to the Torah week] on any calendar will show you this is wrong. This is mathematically impossible, as each full year has 365 sunrises, causing all 7 days of the week and all 364 days of the year to float one day each year. Even if you count only 364 days it won’t stop the seasons from floating. They use tricks to avoid having the seasons fall at the wrong time by skipping days and telling no one and yet claiming that there is no waiting for Aviv 1 and that it always follows a Tuesday. [In 2016 for example the heavens showed March 20th a Sunday was the AVIV-OT Sign of Aviv and these folks said that Equinox was on Tuesday, skipping both Sunday and Monday in order to make it seem that it was a Tuesday and thus an uninterrupted week. This put them 2 days off all year but able to hold onto Saturday]. This is a deceptive departure from Torah time and simple logic. Ignoring the extra sunrise while telling people that no days are skipped may serve to preserve Saturday as Shabbat but this version of the Enochian calendar is one of the most deceptive of them all. They would inevitably start Spring in December or November after several decades of ignoring days, unless they pretend and don’t inform anyone that they are in fact skipping days, yet insisting that the Roman week skips no days, as long as only 364 days are recognized. It is dishonest because if they didn’t skip days-sunrises every year, the Spring Equinox AVIV-OT would be in January within 60 years, so they do skip counting days, which is why they don’t have to deal with that situation of seasons and Shabbats moving.

– Some Enochian calendars start the year on Day 5 as they believe that Day 4 is the Marker Day and the year cannot start on a marker day, when the sun and stars were assigned, so they wait for the day after to be Aviv 1. We find that when this is done, somehow they still always come out to Saturday for Shabbat. The TRUE ORIGINAL Shabbat is based on the Spring Turn and Aviv 1 regardless of what Roman day it falls and can never fall on the same Roman day year after year. It appears that they completely ignore the recorded and marked monthly dates and the authority to declare such dates from Torah that belongs to the Zadokite priests, who always and without fail began the year on Day 4 not Day 5 of week one. One motivation may be to have Yom Kippur the Day of Atonement fall on a Saturday-Shabbat as they interpret Yom Kippur as a weekly Shabbat, which it is not. It always falls on Day 6 of the correct calendar of Zadok.

– Some Enochian calendars start the year as Aviv 1 on the First day of the First week. This seems logical and sound but will throw off all the Shabbats and feasts, because YHWH did not assign days, weeks and years to be counted until Day 4, when He assigned the sun and stars for that task. People cannot begin their count for Aviv 1 on Day 1 of the week, as that causes everything to jump out of divine order and for instance, would make the Shabbats of month # 1 as 7, 14, 21 and 28. This does not line up with the divine order in Torah and furthermore causes Passover, where cooking, cleaning and where massive preparation is required, to fall on a weekly Shabbat. YHWH would not instruct us to count in such a manner causing us to violate His weekly Shabbat on the second Shabbat of the year. Additionally it throws off all Shabbats of months 2-12, as seen for example in Month 2 in Scripture, where Shabbats must fall on 2, 9,16, 23 and 30 as seen in the Shabbat lesson and example of the Manna. Starting the year on Day 1 of week 1, will GURANTEE that all the dates of each month are off!

-Some Enochian calendars even begin Aviv 1 on a 7th day Shabbat! Yes you heard right! They claim that Day 1 Aviv 1 is a 7th day Shabbat making 8, 15, 22 and 29 the Aviv Shabbats. This is the crazy theory taken right out of the lunar Shabbat school system. Where in the Torah does it teach that a weekly Shabbat is the first day of the first week of the year? Yet this loco theory is actually gaining followers.

– A few Enochian calendars have the basic principles correct but inject the GAP THEORY. That means if the Spring Equinox is on a Sunday they wait until Wednesday to start the year. They cling to Roman days. Say the Spring Equinox is on a Thursday, they wait 6 days to start the year always on a Wednesday, so they can hold on tightly to man’s Shabbat or Saturday. They literally create a gap of up to 6 days in some years. We know that Aviv 1 must ALWAYS FOLLOW the AVIV-OT without any gaps at all!

I am sure there are other calendars that claim to be Enochian-Zadokite and the only true Enochian calendar at that. So if you’re new to all this, just because someone says they believe and follow the “Enochian solar calendar” IT DOES NOT MEAN that they have the true division of time.

Before we get to the hallmarks of the true divisions of YHWH’s time, sadly we have to address two erroneous systems of calendation that do not meet the most basic of Torah requirements, but sadly continue to trip and deceive multitudes.

The Lunar Shabbat Calendar or Solar-Lunar Calendar BOTH fail Scripture in many ways. These few basic errors are covered, so that not another soul becomes deceived by them. These errors SHOULD be obvious to most but are not.

-The Moon is not a generator of light but is a reflector of light and thus cannot rule over the night. Additionally its course and disorder does not represent the eternality and punctuality of YHWH’s signs that are given to mark time, the sun and the stars collectively the Greater and Lesser Lights do that. The moon is missing from view sometimes 10 days a month and is disqualified from ruling anything consistently, even having the audacity [rebelliousness] to show up during the rule of the sun in the daylight.

-Every LUNAR month has either 29 or 30 days. The 29 day month is called choleh-sick in Hebraic thought. The perfect order of YHWH has 12 months all with 30 days. The lunar year falls 10 days short [354] of a Torah and biblical prophetic year of 360 days + 4 season markers. The plain truth is that an astronomical lunation is 28 days, a shock to many, leaving the lunar year 24 days short annually of being a steady time piece, even though standard thought is that there is a 10-11 day annual difference between a solar and a lunar year. Therefore the Lunar Shabbat theory is comical when astronomically day 29, a supposed Shabbat, does not even exist!

-The Solar-Lunar calendar is forced to add a 13th month every three years to reconcile the accumulated 30 day difference after 3 solar years. NOWHERE IN SCRIPTURE is man commanded to or allowed to add a 13th month. It simply does not exist. If we follow the astronomical reality, then the moon falls behind the sun 72-75 days every three years. 24 days for three years using 364 or 25 days for three years using 365.25.

-The Lunar Shabbat or Solar-Lunar Calendar breaks the 7 day weekly Torah cycle on the last week of each month! The 29 day months have 2 extra days resulting in 9 days between Shabbats in the last week of each lunar month! The 30 day months have 8 days between Shabbats the last week of each lunar month! This should alarm anyone still using this method, as Scripture clearly states over and over again that the 7th day weekly Shabbat must occur every 7 days, not every 8 or 9 days to honor Rosh Chodesh! The true test of any calendar is how it handles and approaches the 7th day Shabbat. If that is wrong all else does not matter! Additionally the Lunar Shabbat Calendar does not line up with the required 72 hours of 3 days and 3 nights required by Yahushua as a sign to all generations of His Power over death, hell and the grave!

The Jewish Hillel Calendar-The traditional Jewish calendar has too many flaws to mention here but here is a brief overview:

-Fixes Saturday as Shabbat divorced from the original Torah week where the Shabbat is determined by the resetting of each year through heavenly signs & affirmation.

-Starts the year in Tishri the 7th lunar month as opposed to the solar 1st of Aviv which they call Nissan. They even introduce several different types of new years in a single calendar year to justify this.

-Labels all months with Babylonian pagan names learned in exile.

-Is a Solar-Lunar Calendar where months have 29 or 30 days again not Scriptural. Uses the 13th month as well again not found in Scripture.

-Grants the rabbis the so called authority to determine the appointed times for Israel. They remove the authority from the Zadokite priesthood seen in Deut Ch. 17 & Ezekiel 44 and give it to men that have no authority and that have adopted lunar reckonings in their departure from Torah time.

-This misplaced authority grants them permission to engage in daleetot the Hebrew word for postponements. This is a clever system that allows them to MOVE the appointed times whenever they become too inconvenient. When an annual moed-Shabbat is set to fall the day before or after a Saturday Shabbat, they postpone it a day, so that cooking and preparations can occur. Can you imagine the nerve of people that move His appointed times around for convenience sake? Well don’t be, it happens all the time, even among born again Hebrews of all sorts! This false calendar also has turned some major feasts such as Pentecost. Trumpets and Passover into 2 day events rather than the 1 day prescribed in Scripture! They ignore the Feasts of Wine, Oil and Wood found in Torah in Ezra and Nehemiah.

-The Hillel Jewish calendar of exile also has subtracted 240 years, the time Judah was in Persia, in order to throw off the timing of such prophesies as Daniel 9 that pinpoint the exact time when Adon Messiah would arrive! These 240 missing years throw off Scripture’s predictions and make it harder for people to receive and accept salvation from YHWH-Yahushua!


We believe the True Torah-Enochian-Zadokite Priestly calendar has the following key eternal features: [we do not claim perfect knowledge but these key elements must be present to discern the Torah Enochian one from other pretenders, with mixed fruit and guesswork.]

-The marker day 364 is the AVIV-OT sign of the Aviv-Equinox and can fall on any day on the Roman calendar. It is the reset day for the New Year and is seen anywhere in the world, as the shadow points tracked during the day will make a straight line. This only happens on both Equinoxes.

-That New Years Day is the day after the AVIV-OT and can fall on any day on the Roman calendar.

-There may be a day or 2 between day 364 and Aviv 1 when we are to wait and look for the sign the AVIV-OT.
We are commanded to count ONLY 364 sunrises then wait for HIS SIGN to reset for another year!

– Since all 7 days are based on solar time or a Torah solar week, all 7 days in a week are determined by their connection the Spring Sign-Equinox on Day 3 [not Tuesdays], Aviv 1 on Day 4 [not Wednesdays] and Aviv 4 [Day 7 not Saturdays] and thus all Torah days float on a pagan calendar but never float when based on Torah, as the first Shabbat of each year, occurs 3 days after day 4 of week one and can fall on any pagan day. To divorce days from the Solar week of Creation is to perpetuate a separate cycle of 7 days, divorced from the sun which violates YHWH’s order where He declared “What YHWH HAS JOINED TOGETHER LET NOT MAN PUT ASUNDER, FOR I YHWH HATE PUTTING AWAY.” Of course the original context describes marriage but the principle behind it applies to anything YHWH ordained in its rightful eternal order and place.
In a calendation context when man divorces all 7 days from being one flesh with the Spring Equinox, he has sinned and he is left with a man made week of His own imagination. With that reality, Saturday can never be the true 7th Day Shabbat every single year, as it is detached and divorced from its one flesh dependence on the sign of the Great Light. When Adon Yahushua was on earth, as seen by His behavior and actions, all branches of Israel kept the Shabbat based on the Turn of the Year The AVIV-OT. Passion week is a perfect example of that, as Yahushua and the Jews all rested on Shabbat on Aviv 18 exactly 2 weeks after Aviv 4 the years first weekly Shabbat. The Gospels refer to THE SHABBAT, so there were no schisms in Messiah’s day, as Shabbat was the Sabbath, not any day we see around today. In none of the Qumran or even Talmudic writings do we see THE SHABBAT referred to as what is called Saturday. I have read these references myself and the only thing one can find are references to THE SHABBAT.

Please see these links for more evidence of the correct Enochian reckoning vs. the pretenders. 

NEW !!!! enoch_calendars_galore__solar_lunar_calendars_by_the_dozen_.pdf

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How to teach your 3 year old to discern the Weekly Shabbat!
[PS Don’t let adults do this as religion will set in]

-Establish A Straight Shadow With A Rod-Pole [usually March 20th]
-Next Day is Day 4 of Week One Or Aviv 1 New Years Day
-4+3=7 The Original Shabbat Day Aviv  4
-Shabbat is every 7 days from there!

Updated Discoveries On The Times of YHWH


Shalom Friends,

As we have continued to dig and search deeply  for the true division of the times of YHWH, properly divided by Torah, Enoch, Angels and the Dead Sea Scrolls,

we have come to a shocking discovery. We are still investigating, praying and meditating on what it all may mean and how it all fits. Suffice it to say for now, that we have found this underlying truth. The heavens manifested in shadows do not lie.  [Armillaries are good but are precise instruments and only measure certain things & require training.]
Online data provided by computer, math, calculations of men, with various agendas, from secular to traditions of men or the religious, do NOT MATCH THE SIGN OF THE YEAR’S TURN, nor AVIV 1 nor THE SIGN OF THE SHABBAT. We have reviewed this going back about 3 years, comparing what the heavens declare to what online data says.

Most of us were led to believe in online data or calculated dates, not personally verified with trained and knowledgeable EYE WITNESSES, who know how to track the sun using shadows. We ALL have been lazy [myself included] forsaking our collective responsibilities as restored Yisrael, to do the HARD WORK of tracking Torah time ourselves; instead we farmed out and outsourced our responsibilities to be like Daniel, Abraham and others, who had to do the hard work. Therefore we have reaped the results of a people not in tune with their own responsibilities and have had little choice but to rely on others, hoping that they might be right.

Jeremiah 6:16 speaks of returning to the ancient paths, where we will find or recover the good-mature ways of our Messiah, the patriarchs, prophets and Zadokite priests. Since that is true, we know they were experts at tracking the circuits of the sun, in order to determine and establish all the appointed times and weekly 7th day Shabbats, with a clear declaration of The Spring Equinox, Aviv 1 the FOLLOWING day and the 52  weekly Shabbats on dated days of the month THAT NEVER CHANGE.

16 This says YHWH: Stand in the derech, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the tov derech, and have your walk in it, and you shall find rest for your beings. But they said, We will not walk in it. 
17 Also I set watchmen over you, saying, Listen to the sound of the shofar. But they said, We will not listen.  Stand in the derech, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the tov derech, and have your walk in it, and you shall find rest [SHABBAT] for your beings. But they said, We will not walk in it.
17 Also I set watchmen [trained in tracking time with shadows] over you, saying, Listen to the sound of the shofar. But they said, We will not listen. RSTNE

We will use our eyes, the eyes of others around the globe, trained in tracking the visible sign of the Shabbatand others in our community, who will be invited and taught to obey Torah’s call, to physically and personally observe, without trusting in man, leaders or another man’s data. True watchmen, ready to call Israel to the appointed times of YHWH. For years it was beyond any of us to ever begin to question alleged noble agencies, that supposedly posted empirical online data; we simply assumed that with modern technology that they could not be wrong. Now we have discovered that they have lied, have no interest in what Torah or Enoch say and cannot be more wrong in their dates, which are not based on visual personal observation by the hungry & righteous, willing to become watchmen. VISUAL OBSERVATION & TRACKING confirmed by multiple ISRAELITE witnesses is the only true way to recover and restore time. We Israelites know how to track a PACKAGE but don’t know where to start to track the circuits of the sun and the year, which give us HIS rightly divided times. We are too modern, too lazy and too broke, as by and large we don’t tithe and can’t even afford an advanced sundial [but  yet it seems like we can all magically afford an internet service provider and cell phone ): } We must return to this lost art and track these heavenly signs from year to year to year to year TAKING NOTHING FOR GRANTED AND ASSUMING NOTHING, before we declare our findings annually!

THE YEAR TURNED LOCALLY AND IN JERUSALEM ON MARCH 20TH 2017 [see the clear and overwhelming visual evidence below]! The following day after The Spring Equinox is Aviv 1 and 3 days later the eternal unchanging 7th Day Shabbat from year to year, as long as we stick to the commandeded 364 day per year calendar. We will keep you all posted. We are determined from now on, only to proclaim and declare what the heavens declare to all Israel with eyesight, regardless of where that truth leads us. The true solar month of Aviv and 7th Day Sabbath, must be visibly available to all Israel, whether or not the U.S. Naval Observatory, Date & or NASA exist. We must even in our exile align ourselves with Jerusalem for unity and singleness of heart and mind. Of that we are sure!

Here are a few Scriptures teaching us not to use heathen data but our own eye witnesses in the camp of the redeemed; this high calling remains our responsibility collectively as a people!

Beresheet-Genesis Ch. 1:
14 And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the shamayim to divide the yom from the night; andlet them be for signs-witnesses, and for moadim, and for days, and years:  
15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the shamayim to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
16 And Elohim made-asah  two great lights; the greater light to rule the yom, and the lesser light to rule the night: therefore namely the cochavim. 

Shemot-Exodus Ch. 20:
8 [Daled] Remember the Yom Ha-Shabbats, to shomer [guard-view] them as kadosh.
9 Six days shall you labor, and do all your work:
10 But the seventh yom is the Shabbat of
YHWH your Elohim: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your male eved, nor your female eved, nor your cattle, nor your ger, nor a convert that is within your gates: RSTNE

Shemot-Exodus Ch. 31:
16 Therefore the children of Yisrael shall shomer
[guard-view] the Shabbat, to observe [guard-view] the Shabbat throughout their generations, for an everlasting brit.
17 It is an ot [visile sign] between Me and the children of Yisrael le-olam-va-ed: for in six days 
YHWH made the shamayim and the earth, and on the seventh yom He rested, and was refreshed. RSTNE

Devarim-Deuteronomy Ch. 5:
Shomer [guard-view] ha Shabbat to set it apart, as YHWH your Elohim has commanded you.
13 Six days you shall labor, and do all your work:
14 But the seventh yom is the Shabbat of
YHWH your Elohim: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male eved, nor your female eved, nor your ox, nor your donkey, nor any of your cattle, nor the ger that is within your gates; that your male eved and your female eved may rest as well as you. 
15 And remember that you were an eved in the land of Mitzrayim, and that 
YHWH your Elohim brought you out from there through a mighty hand and by an outstretched Arm: therefore YHWH your Elohim commanded you to shomer [guard-view] Yom ha Shabbat. RSTNE

Devarim-Deuteronomy Ch. 16:
Shomer [guard-view] the month of the Aviv-OT [Aviv sign],  and  shomer [guard-view] the Pesach to YHWH your Elohim: for in the month of Aviv-OT [Aviv sign] YHWH your Elohim brought you forth out of Mitzrayim by night. RSTNE


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don’t_the_modern_languages_all_prove_that_saturday is shabbat.pdf

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                       -THIS IS NOT A NEW SHABBAT-NOT A NEW DOCTRINE –

Don’t be shocked by what you are about to discover! At the time of our Adon Yahushua The Messiah, the people of Israel had 2 basic choices of well known “Jewish”Calendars” [one became buried for 2 millennia]. One was authoritative & one was without Torah authority. Like back then, you have to decide if the Scriptures allow the Pharisees or Rabbis [that illegally occupied Moses seat] to proclaim and declare the times of YHWH or if that role belonged to the kohaneem-priests of the Zadokite order forever! The Scriptures in Romans 3:2, Malachi 2:7 and Deuteronomy 17:8-13 requires all controversies and doctrines to be given to Israel by the Judahite kohaneem-not the rabbis from all the tribes & converts. So do not let the devil lie to you! What we are sharing with you here is in fact THE JEWISH CALENDAR and not something made up recently! But you must decide if the Torah gives the authority about calendation proclamation, determination & controversies to the House of Aaron and their written records found @ Qumran or to appointed rabbis not all from Levi and fewer still from Kohate and Zadok, that made up their own rules and dates in the Talmud and other such writings, believing by their own admission, that the APPOINTED SHABBATS & TIMES of YHWH, are whenever THEY declare them to be!  You can be sure the authority remains only with the House of Zadok and the Yahushua led order of Malki-Tzedek to make such declarations.

constellations-year starts in Pisces .pdf

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new_policy of personally seeing the signs .docx

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Torah commands that the Torah year can only have 364 days divisible by 7! Regardless of what man or religion or secularists think. We are called to follow Scriptures and obey whether we have or don’t have all the answers. Here are key verses that warn us that by following man or a 365.25 day year, we see that YHWH declares that our weekly Shabbats and all other appointed times will be off. He promises that to us, unless we obey Him and stick to the 364 day year despite what is going on around us! That’s if we truly desire His Shabbats!
Here are the clear commands! Jubilees 6:30-38, Enoch 72: 1-2, 32-33, Enoch 75:2-4, Enoch 82:6-7. Two key points are in order. The word EXACT OR EXACTLY OR EXACTLY IN ORDER from year to year until eternity starts, appear in every one of the 364 day year references. That can only mean that YHWH sees our understanding and obedience to 364 days and 52 weeks in a year only as our recognition that He, not science so called, is the Adon-Master over the believer’s life. It is a requirement to keep things in exact order and any departure of even one day, between now and eternity, will cause a disaster in reckoning time.  Adding a day to 364 will cause us to miss the wonderful set times. Let us be sincere but sincerely right, as we can be given the blessings of His Word and mind!
We cannot worry about the Roman dates that change due to the Gregorian calendar. We suggest counting the 364 days out from Aviv 1 each year to be exact marking each New Month. We only provide a few Roman dates for New Months & Feasts so Israel can learn how to determine time on their own. The command to count only 364 days a year is not a suggestion but a command from YHWH our Abba, regardless of what other intellectuals do, say or think!

Torah, Enoch & Jubilees says that every year will have 364 days forever from year to year. Man and astronomy-science says that the year is now 365.25. Who is right? Only The House of Zadok’s Everlasting Priesthood Anointing-Charge Resolves the Torah required 364 day Solar Year. Praise be to YHWH-Yahushua for the unfolding revelation He is and will yet provide. Enjoy the journey with us!
 Five Torah Witnesses To The True Times of YHWH-

Beresheth-Genesis Chapter 1 Verses 14-19 The First Torah Witness
14 And Elohim said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the shamayim to divide the yom from the night; and let them be for signs-witnesses [visible], and for moadim, and for [all] days, and years: 

15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the shamayim to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

16 And Elohim made-asah [assigned] two great lights; the greater light to rule the yom, and the lesser light to rule the night: therefore namely the cochavim.

17 And Elohim set them in the firmament of the shamayim to give light upon the earth,

18 And to rule over the yom and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and Elohim saw that it was tov.

19 And the evening and the morning were Yom Reeve-DAY FOUR.
יד  וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים, יְהִי מְאֹרֹת בִּרְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמַיִם, לְהַבְדִּיל, בֵּין הַיּוֹם וּבֵין הַלָּיְלָה; וְהָיוּ לְאֹתֹת וּלְמוֹעֲדִים, וּלְיָמִים וְשָׁנִים.
טו  וְהָיוּ לִמְאוֹרֹת בִּרְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמַיִם, לְהָאִיר עַל-הָאָרֶץ; וַיְהִי-כֵן.
טז  וַיַּעַשׂ אֱלֹהִים, אֶת-שְׁנֵי הַמְּאֹרֹת הַגְּדֹלִים:  אֶת-הַמָּאוֹר הַגָּדֹל, לְמֶמְשֶׁלֶת הַיּוֹם, וְאֶת-הַמָּאוֹר הַקָּטֹן לְמֶמְשֶׁלֶת הַלַּיְלָה, אֵת הַכּוֹכָבִים.
יז  וַיִּתֵּן אֹתָם אֱלֹהִים, בִּרְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמָיִם, לְהָאִיר, עַל-הָאָרֶץ.
יח  וְלִמְשֹׁל, בַּיּוֹם וּבַלַּיְלָה, וּלְהַבְדִּיל, בֵּין הָאוֹר וּבֵין הַחֹשֶׁךְ; וַיַּרְא אֱלֹהִים, כִּי-טוֹב.
יט  וַיְהִי-עֶרֶב וַיְהִי-בֹקֶר, יוֹם רְבִיעִי

 Deuteronomy-Devarim Chapter 16 Verse 1-The Second Torah Witness
שָׁמוֹר, את-חֹדֶשׁ הָאָבִיב, וְעָשִׂיתָ פֶּסַח, לַיהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ:  כִּי בְּחֹדֶשׁ הָאָבִיב, הוֹצִיאֲךָ
יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ מִמִּצְרַיִם-לָיְלָה

Guard the SIGN of the month of the Aviv; and perform Passover, to YHWH your Elohim; Because in the month of THE AVIV [season], YHWH your Elohim took you out of Egypt at night.

Exodus-Shemot 12:1-2-The Third Torah Witness
  וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל-מֹשֶׁה וְאֶל-אַהֲרֹן, בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם לֵאמֹר.
הַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם, רֹאשׁ חֳדָשִׁים
רִאשׁוֹן הוּא לָכֶם, לְחָדְשֵׁי הַשָּׁנָה

And YHWH said to Moshe and to Aharon, in the land of Egypt saying; this month is for you the head of all the months; it is the first for you, of the months of the year.

Exodus-Shemot 34:22-The Fourth Torah Witness

 וְחַג שָׁבֻעֹת תַּעֲשֶׂה לְךָ, בִּכּוּרֵי קְצִיר חִטִּים; וְחַג, הָאָסִיף-תְּקוּפַת, הַשָּׁנָה

And the Chag of Weeks [Shavuot] you shall do for yourself; the firstfruits of the wheat harvest; and the Chag of the Ingathering at [around] the tekufah of the year.

 Genesis-Beresheth-8:22-The Fifth Torah Witness-The 4 Seasons

 עֹד, כָּל-יְמֵי הָאָרֶץ:  זֶרַע וְקָצִיר וְקֹר וָחֹם וְקַיִץ וָחֹרֶף,וְיוֹם וָלַיְלָה-לֹא יִשְׁבֹּתוּ

While the earth remains [before and after the flood] seedtime [Spring] and harvest [Fall]; cold and heat; summer and winter; day and night will not cease. [The seasons have never changed].

What About These MOON Verses? Please can we get this straight instead of the constant rehash every year?

Psalm 89:37- IT shall be established le-olam-va-ed as the yarayach, and as a faithful witness in the shamayim. Selah.

In verse 36 it is David’s seed that is made into a faithful witness preserved IN THE HEAVENS or the throne; just like the moon is in the heavens FOREVER; so the heavens is the place of the preserving of the faithful witness or YHWH’s throne-promises-Word FOREVER.This verse does not claim that the moon is forever faithful for telling time, as it remains sick and dysfunctional giving unbibical 29 day months and 13 month years, which if blindly followed, will cause everyone to miss the appointed times of YHWH.

Psalm 136:9 – The yarayach and cochavim to rule by night: for His rachamim endures le-olam-va-ed.

This verse DOES NOT CLAIM the moon as a ruler of the night by its own light. Read it again. The stars rule the night and the moon joins that ruler, as it reflects the suns light, along with the night ruler in TANDEM. The night ruler is established in Torah Gen 1:14-16 [as THE LESSER LIGHT-NAMELY THE STARS] not in Psalms. Remember the biblical rule of first mention.

Psalm 104 :19 – He created the yarayach for moadim: the shemesh knows its going down.
20 You make darkness, and it is night: in it all the beasts of the forest do creep.
21 The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their food from El.

The moon IS a SIGN for NIGHT HUNTING BY THE NIGHT CREATURES before the sunrise. These verses have ZERO to do with the appointed times of Leviticus 23 which are SOLELY SOLAR BASED. This misunderstanding has been a major erroneous assumption, that somehow they refer to the feasts of YHWH.


ד תִּקְעוּ בַחֹדֶשׁ שׁוֹפָר; בַּכֵּסֶה לְיוֹם חַגֵּנוּ 

meaning blow IN-AT the MONTH the shofar, in-at the FULLNESS of the day of our feast…that means that on the Feast of Unleavened Bread in its fullness, we are to blow the shofar at our chag…in Torah a chag is only Unleavened Bread, Feast of Weeks or Tabernacles. [3 not 8 moadem]..see how slick the enemy is? The word moon appears nowhere here and neither does the term “full moon.” Of course the rabbis translate it as full moon, to make you a disciple of the Antiochus Epiphanies lunar calendar, FORCED ON JUDAISM after the Macabbean victory. It can also mean blow the shofar at the fullness of the feast of Unleavened Bread, based on verses 5-6 which refers to the Exodus. Nothing to do with anybody’s moon!

This Says YHWH To His Servant

“The greatest find at Qumran was not the community rules and regulations or any such thing but the restoration of my Shabbats. Have you not noticed and have you not heard, that scholars did not declare that truth says YHWH? Rather they declared finding some solar calendar that was noticeably different and some man made rules. But I declare to you the purpose of my allowing them to find, the scrolls, is to declare my appointed times regarding the sincere restoration of the Shabbat day when the dates were recorded and hidden in the earth for such a time as this; the discovering of the priestly Enochian ancient Shabbats and the dates that my priests ministered on Shabbat, were not of interest to man;  the scholars and the religious did not proclaim what I wanted declared for the joy and rejoicing of my people and their preparation says YHWH. But you and  your fellows, you shall and must proclaim it says
YHWH Tzevaoth! “

 – Don’t Miss This Awesome Seminar by Professor Rachel Elior – Below
From Professor Rachel Elior a rabbinical Jew-“
The present Jewish calendar is not matching the old Jewish priestly calendar. This ancient priestly calendar was replaced by the Greek lunar calendar, in the time of Antiochus Epiphanies by force” and later on by the sages, who chose the lunar calendar based on the people’s observation and not by pre-calculated calculations.”

Prof Rachel Elior – Public Lecture At The Divinity School, Chicago University on The Ancient Faith of The Zadok Priesthood And It Has Been Obliterated From Religious Memory From Sun To Moon:

The Torah Week Versus The Modern Week

DEAD SEA SCROLL EVIDENCE – It Is Important To Also  Know That We Have Not Pulled This Understanding Out of A Hat. The Ruach Shows That The Exiled Temple Priests In The Judean Wilderness Used The Exact Same Time Reckonings & Their Fixed Dates For The Weekly Shabbat Confirm The Torah & The Ruach! Translation from “The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English”, Geza Vermes, Penguin Books, 1962 page 221-222.

4Q394 1-2 (Cave 4)-Note the SIGN-Where was the Torah Shabbat confirmed? Cave 4 corresponding to day 4 of week 1. Another Yah-Incidence!

I. [On the sixteenth of it (of the second month): sabbath]
I.5 On the twenty-third of secnd month : sabbath
On the thirtieth of second month: sabbath

I.10 [On] the seventh of the third month: sabbath
On the fourteenth of  it: sabbath
I.15 On the fifteenth of it:Feast of Weeks
On the twenty-(II.) [f]irs[t] of  it: sabbath
II.5 [On] the twenty-eighth of  it: sabbath
II.15 On the first of the fourth month: Memorial Day
On the fourth III. of  it: [sabbath]
On the e[leventh] of  it: sabbath
III.5 On the eighteenth of  it: sabbath
On the twenty-fifth of  it: sabbath
III.10 On the second of  the fift[h] month: sabbath
IV. [On the ninth of  it: sabbath]
On the sixteenth of  it: sabbath
IV.5 On the twenty-third of  it: sabbath
On the thirtieth of  it: sabbath
IV.10 On the seventh of  the six month sabbath
On the fourteenth of  it: sabbath
On the twenty-first of  it: V. sabbath

From these dates from Torah and Qumran you can count every 7 days forwards or backwards for all the Torah Shabbats!!! This only works if the ORIGINAL SHABBAT WAS AVIV 4 when YHWH Himself rested!! There YOU HAVE IT! Documented dates for all 52 weekly Shabbats of each and every year, documented from Torah and the Dead Sea Scrolls! HALLELUYAH THE MATH DOESN’T LIE! If the calendar you use doesn’t line the Shabbat up with these monthly biblical dates, it is not yet correct; more work awaits you! The true Shabbat never floats!

Enoch Calendars Galore! Solar Lunar Calendars by The Dozen!

By Sholiach Moshe Yoseph Koniuchowsky- See PDF Below

NEW !!! enoch_calendars_galore__solar_lunar_calendars_by_the_dozen_.pdf

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                         More Proof That Day 4 Was Lit Continually In The Temple-

The lamps of the menorah were lit daily from fresh, consecrated olive oil and burned from evening until morning, according to Exodus 27:21.


The Roman-Jewish historian Flavius Josephus states that three of the seven lamps were allowed to burn during the day also;[13] however, according to one opinion in the Talmud (Rashi, Tractate Shabbat 22b), only the center lamp was left burning all day, into which as much oil was put as into the others. Although all the other lights were extinguished, that light continued burning oil, in spite of the fact that it had been kindled first.


This miracle according to the Talmud (Tractate Menahot 86b) was taken as a sign that the Shechinah rested over Israel.[14] It was called the ner hama’aravi (Western lamp) because of the direction of its wick. This lamp was also referred to as the Ner Elohim (Lamp of El).



Also mentioned in I Samuel 3:3. The miracle of the ner hama’aravi ended about 40 years before the destruction of the Temple (c. 30 CE) according to the Talmud (Tractate Yoma 39a), “Our Rabbis taught: During the last forty years before the destruction of the Temple (that is to say from around 30 CE) the lot [‘For YHWH’] did not come up in the right hand; nor did the crimson-colored strap become white; nor did the westernmost light shine“.


Hebrew Copy Of The Dead Sea Scrolls With Times & Shabbats Of YHWH & Their Dates-Through Month 8

Notice that no English or Roman days are known or mentioned or used, so that Shabbat is on NONE of the 7 Jewish-Roman amalgamated days known and used today! The true Shabbats can only be determined by priestly recurring dates, in the Hebrew tongue, as originally taught to Enoch, Moses & our patriarchs.


Your Employer CANNOT Stop You From Keeping On The Creation Week Shabbat?

Did you know a lot of USA believers who want to keep the creation week shabbat, the day YHWH actually rested, CANNOT BE DENIED by federal law? You cannot be fired or denied time off for Shabbat, or any day, as per the CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964. So let’s stop the excuses and get busy with Abba’s business! The only way they can legally deny you off, is if the employer can PROVE to a court, that by you taking Torah Shabbat off, that it will cause them undue loss like bankruptcy, which in most cases is a case they cannot prove!



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Missing Feasts Restored .pptx

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the_priestly_omer_count 7_honarable_shabbats.pptx

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scriptures for shabbat guarding piety.pdf

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proof_that_yahushua_kept_the_same_shabbat updated.pdf

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a_quick_look_at_yhwh’s 360 + 4 day year .docx

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A Return To Visual Observation

-Final Conclusion-

So When is the true 7th day Shabbat-Sabbath? & What Are The Implications Of Observing The Signs-Otot With Your-Our Own Eyes, based on the shadows and the SIGN OF THE AVIV along with an armillary as a second witness? The Answer is simple and stunning at the same time. Shabbat is eternally where and when it has always been based on the Solar Year & Solar Week.

Three days after Day 4 of week one of each New Year, that’s the simple fact THAT NEVER WILL NOR CAN CHANGE!!


While the Zadokite priests had most things right, after all, they also like us were human and made some clear mistakes. I will do a teaching on this soon, Yah willing, but one CLEAR MISTAKE is ignoring their own Scriptures, such as when the Spring and Fall Echanoks occur and also their stand against Jubilees and Enoch’s clear warnings NOT to ever use the moon as a witness of time or to divide time for priestly orders, as the Sun and Stars alone bring in the year with PERFECT JUSTICE. Will we ever really get this right and ignore other seductive practices like those at Qumran when it came to the moon? Theses were men not gods!

So while they are the LEGIT authority in Yisrael, they aren’t the PERFECT authority [that would be Almighty Adon Yahushua], they are just like us in that way. And their stance against Torah marriage of the patriarchs, also defies Scripture. QUESTION! When is the Spring Turn of the Year, on the day before Aviv 1, as recorded by Moses and Chanok? Or like at Qumran recorded in Cave 4, right on Aviv 1 contradicting Torah & Chanok? Your answer is plainly seen below by MOSHE-MOSES the man who instituted what would become the sons of Kohate and Zadok!


15 And he sent to his abba Yitschaq of all his substance, clothing and food, and meat and drink and milk and butter and cheese and some dates of the valley.
16 And to his eema Rivkah also four times a year, between the times of the months, between ploughing and reaping and between autumn and the rain (season) and between winter and spring, to the tower of Avraham. RSTNE

CLEARLY THE EQUINOXES-ECHANOKS ARE BETWEEN MONTHS NOT ON THE FIRST OF THE MONTH……yes boys and girls even the Qumran boys were flawed humans!


The Division of Times Given to Moses on Mt. Sinai & to Chanok-Enoch


The photo below was taken March 21st 2017 with the PINK strings indicating a CURVED outline…the yellow stakes with the blue post-its’ were taken March 20th 2017, a straight line throughout the day…12 hrs or so….now  please be so kind and throw all doctrine and currently held views out the window…when the sun rises due east and sets due west, this line is straight; just 2 times a year…which of these 2 days do you think is Spring Echanok-Turn of the Year? Does that [heaven] confirm or challenge your position? Is it always on a Roman Tuesday as some teach?

PS. On March 16-17 the so called Equilux days in Jerusalem the shadows are curved even more than these pink strings on the pegs were on March 21st 2017.  Aviv-OT is a heavenly sign THE SIGN OF AVIV and can fall on any Roman day and is definitely not March 16-17th!!!!


Only 1 Day Meets the Required Sign of the Aviv OT

The Entire Month of Aviv Proves That Yahushua Kept The Torah Shabbat Not Saturday-See Picture & PDF  Below


Saturday On All Calendars Does Not Line Up With the Monthly Dates Yahushua and the Jews of His Time Kept!


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I am experiencing the light of YaHuWaH


It has been a year, but I remember as it was yesterday.

My husband Jerry had to work out of town and I had insisted that I would go with him because something just didn’t feel safe.  We planned to leave early in the morning, when we were getting ready, Jerry said he just took a pain pill because he was in a lot of pain with his knee and I told him to lay down and I would make breakfast and phone to tell everyone we would be delayed.  When finished making breakfast, he was in such a deep sleep I just let him alone for a few hours.  Finally, I decided we have to get on the road, I attempted to wake him and realized then he wasn’t responding at all, I called 911 and was instructed to give him cpr. He was almost another statistic. There are so many causes of death with seniors that mix up their prescription drugs.   The fact that I insisted he did not go alone, which he usually does, and we were delayed was most definitely a divine intervention.

In the hospital,  the Father had spoken to me to stay overnight, in his room, even though the staff tried to reassure me, he will be okay.  As it turned out he wasn’t responding to treatment as was rushed to ICU, where eventually he was on a breathing tube and the drugs would go through his system. The doctors had told me there might be brain and/or kidney damage, only time would tell.

I’ve always felt I was a good Christian, and connected with our Father on a daily basis through personal devotion but realized  through Eyd I needed the power of the Word within me.  That night, the Father had put it on my heart to call Eyd and through prayer and belief in the Word,  my husband has had a miraculous wonderful recovery and be discharged; HalleluYAH.

And through the teaching of Man-Child since that testimony, I have been experiencing the light of YHWH ELOHIM…… ( To be continued…)

 John 15:7 

If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you 

John 6:40

And this is the will of Him that sent Me: that every one who seeth the Son and believeth in Him may have everlasting life, and I will raise him up at the Last Day.

Galatians 2:20

“I have been impaled with Messiah, and I no longer live, but Messiah lives in me.1 And that which I now live in the flesh I live by belief in the Son of Elohim, who loved me and gave Himself for me. Footnote: 1Rom. 8:10, 2 Cor. 6:16, 2 Cor. 13:5, Eph. 3:17, Col. 1:27, 1 John 4:4.

First Draft By  Sharon Wrobel


Septuagint v. Masoretic

Guns, Lies and Forgeries: A Bible Story By Robert E. Reis


Once upon a time there was a tribe living in the Middle East that had a collection of sacred texts written in Hebrew, Chaldean and Aramaic. It is the nature of sacred texts to be venerated and transmitted from generation to generation unaltered.

As time passed members of this tribe emigrated to areas where Hebrew and Aramaic and Chaldean were not spoken. A large community settled and prospered in the city of Alexandria in Egypt. Greek replaced their tribal language. They needed an accurate translation of their venerated documents into Greek.

Around 250 B.C. seventy rabbis translated the sacred texts into Greek. This translation was not a bootleg edition. The project was approved by the High Priest and the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. The Septuagint, the translation of the seventy, was an official document.

A Hebrew Bible exists today. It is used by Jews everywhere. It is called the Masoretic text. It was compiled around 700 A.D. It is almost one thousand years newer than the Septuagint. The rabbis who compiled the Masoretic text were not accountable to the High Priest in Jerusalem. There no longer was a High Priest. The rabbis who compiled the Masoretic text were not accountable to the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem. There no longer was a Sanhedrin.

The Septuagint predates the first appearance of the Masoretic text by almost ten centuries. The Septuagint is based upon Hebrew texts at least twelve centuries older than the texts upon which the Masoretic version is based. .Yet, modern Christian translations of the Old Testament rely on the Masoretic Text, not the Septuagint.

Where is the problem?

Most of the quotations from the Old Testament in the New Testament used the Septuagint as their primary source. The integrity and truthfulness of the [New Testament] is completely dependant on the Septuagint being a truthful translation. Discredit the Septuagint and there is no New Testament.

There was no controversy about the integrity of the Septuagint from 250 B.C. until 135 A. D.

What had happened to provoke dissatisfaction with the Septuagint among the Jews?

Annas and Caiphas and the Sanhedrin had rejected the messianic claims of Jesus. The New Testament documents had been written and were circulating by A.D. 70. The Jews knew that the credibility of the Christian Gospels depended on the credibility of the Septuagint. Something had to be done.

Around 95 A.D. Rabbi Akiva, who later proclaimed Bar Kochba as the messiah, hired a man named Aquila to translate a Hebrew to Greek version of the Old Testament that would undermine the messianic claims of Jesus found in the Septuagint. Some scholars believe that the Masoretic text was based in part on this tendentious translation by Aquila.

How is the Masoretic text different from the Septuagint?

Psalm 22:16 the word “pierced” has been replaced by “lion”.

Psalm 145: 13 omitted entirely.

Isaiah 53:11 the word “light” is omitted.

On 134 occasions the Tetragrammaton, the name of God, has been replaced by “Adonai”.

Psalm 151 was omitted entirely. (It is now omitted by almost all Christian Bibles!)

Exodus 1: The number 75 replaced by 70

Genesis 10:24 some generations removed.

Deuteronomy 32:8 “Angels Of Elohim” replaced with “children of Israel.”

Jeremiah 10 verses 6 and 7 have been added in the Masoretic.

Psalm 96:10 “Say among the nations, YHWH reigns from the wood” omitted.

Isaiah 19:18 “city of righteousness” changed to the “city of the sun” or in some versions “the city of destruction.”

The Masoretic scribes purposely and willfully rearranged the original chapter order in the prophetic Book of Daniel, so that the chapters make no sense chronologically.

Isaiah 61:1 “recovery of sight to the blind.”. Omitted.

In Psalm 40:6 “a body you have prepared for me” was replaced by “you opened my ears.”

Deuteronomy 32:43 ‘Let all the messengers of Elohim worship him.’” Omitted.

Genesis 4:8: “Let us go into the field” is omitted.

Deuteronomy 32:43. Moses’ song is shortened.

Isaiah 53 contains 10 spelling differences, 4 stylistic changes and 3 missing letters for light in verse 11, for a total of 17 differences.

Isaiah 7:14. “Virgin” replaced by “young woman.”

(When Aquila made his Greek translation of the Old Testament at the behest of Rabbi Akiva, he changed the Septuagint’s “virgin” into “young woman”. The Masoretic compilers may have followed his lead.)

The Masoretic text differs from the Septuagint in hundreds of places.How do we know which text is accurate?

The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered just after World War II.

According to carbon dating, textual analysis, and handwriting analysis the documents were written at various times between the middle of the 2nd century BC and the 1st century AD. There are fragments from all of the books of the Hebrew Bible fragments except the Book of Esther and the Book of Nehemiah.

In addition an independent Aramaic translation of the Hebrew Bible exists, the Peshitta.Control of the Dead Sea Scrolls was a military objective of Israelis. It was achieved by their victory in the Six Days War.

The publication of the scrolls slowed to a trickle.

After 1971, the international team even refused to allow the publication of photographs of the material. They excluded scholars who wanted to make independent evaluations.

The embargo was not broken until 1991.An addition to the Dead Sea Scrolls, scholars can use the Peshitta to decide between the Masoretic text and the Septuagint.I have given examples above of some of the places the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Peshitta, and the Septuagint agree.

The Masoretic Text is part of a tradition that began with Rabbi Akiva. Rabbis rewrote the Jewish Bible to destroy the credibility of the New Testament.

The Hebrew versions of the Old Testament have been used to proclaim scores of “messiahs” . The Septuagint was only used once.

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